Week 3, Intro to Neo-Liberalism
Week 3, Intro to Neo-Liberalism INR3003
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Beatriz Arteaga on Sunday September 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to INR3003 at Florida State University taught by Whitney Bendeck in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 137 views. For similar materials see Intro to International Affairs in International Studies at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 09/13/15
Intro to NeoLiberalism I What Realism doesn39t explain Realists use out dated models World has changed since WWI Liberalism A History of Cooperation Westphalia forward Each state recognized that each state was a sovereign state Liberals see opportunities to come together and cooperate Concert of Europe 1815 come together to cooperate If they begin to talk to each other they39ll stop attacking each other League of Nations applied to the world notjust Europe UN since the UN there have no been no major power wars B Historical Roots Liberals believe that we live under anarchy but can still cooperate with one another Hugo Grotius international law John Locke rights of individuals Adam Smith capitalism David Ricardo comparative advantage Immanuel Kant spreading democracy Enightenment movement ideals bring about political social and economic change that begins in Europe and then spreads C Classical Liberalism Poitical social economic movement Classical liberalism wanted to empower the individuals 1800s Europe voting rights limiting the power of governments Free enterprise individuals should be able to buy and sell property Freedom D NeoLiberalism Theory of international affairs Primary concerned with democratization Focused on cooperation and institutions See organizations as very powerful actors Liberals believe democracies value peace 1 Collective Security Contrasted to Realism Individual security World has become interconnected Doesn39t make sense to engage in war since states benefit from one another trade tourism nterests are no longer singular 2 Cooperation under Anarchy Liberals believe that cooperation is possible and a must After WWII democracy spread quickly around the world 3 Reciprocity Boils down to how states treat each other Liberals don39t care about power or ideology ideology also does not matter to Realists Democratic state can cooperate with a communist one If we treat a state with respect the RECIPROCAL action is that they do the same vice versa Can expect peace to come from positive reciprocity Liberals say the more frequently that states interact the more likely they are to cooperate Should be able to build trust for the sake of cooperation 0 Implication States can get along no matter what 4 Interdependence The more interconnected states are to one another the more likely their economies are as well 0 For example China and the US when China39s economy falls so does ours Mutual dependence therefore cooperation Liberals say we have linked out states through international organizations Make us more interdependent 5 Collective Goods Liberals are advocates of collective goods things we can ONLY achieve by working together Trade tourism no war security 6 Absolute NonZero Sum Gains in contrast to RelativeZeroSum Gains Never implies that we all benefit EQUALLY just means we all gain something Nobody is left with nothing nobody is left with ZERO nonzero Liberals focus on Absolute Gains Realists focus on Relative Gains NeoLiberalism Continued I Prisoners39 Dilemma According to the Liberals For Realists they use the model to show how states don39t trust other states play for themselves and don39t engage with other states Liberals don39t believe in Prisoners39 Dilemma because there is always conversation and engagement Mutuality of interest for prisoners to get out ofjail for states can be collective goods 1 Repetitive Contact Payers do meettalk just like how states use diplomacy A Shadow of the Future Come to understand what to expect of the personstate Not only do they expect to meet again but they have an expectation of how that encounter will be like Liberals believe that through this communication we are more likely to build trust and work together The more deeply we39re involved with one another the more likely we will want to cooperate B Cost Defection ncreases when the relationship between the peoplestates increases It is incentive for states to behave and seek cooperation 2 Mutuality of Interests Liberals point out that states that do not get along might still find areas where to cooperate A Robert Axelrod Study 1970s Study the different strategies of the Prisoners39 Dilemma He ran the study and found that it was quottitfortatquot B TitforTat What you do to me I do you help betray Al based on reciprocity but the first move is positive Causes cooperation to continue steady ability to work together 0 What the Liberals get out of this When you have repeated interaction it encourages positive reciprocity cooperation II Ways to Increase the Costs of Defection 1 Reputation Costs There is an expected behavior from each state Liberals believe that there are consequences from having reputation costs A state with a bad reputation does not get much trade ex North Korea 2 Monitoring States have trouble hiding things States must comply with one another if suspicious activity is suspected Noncompiance states will have sanctions set on them maybe even war 0 Ex Nuclear NonProliferation Treaty NPT drafted in 1968 Effort to control nuclear weapons Nuclear Powers US Great Britain Russia China France The five powers CANNOT help anyone else become a nuclear power The five powers MUST eliminate the production of more nuclear weapons and cannot seek to become offensive powers Signed by every country except Israel India Pakistan and South Sudan WLD CARD North Korea signed the NPT in 1985 but pulled out in 2003 and tested a nuclear weapon NPT is enforced through monitoring on the ground and satellites Liberals say that organizations like this along with the monitoring are VERY effective III Complex Interdependence pros and cons Liberals feel that the deeper the connection between states the more likely we will cooperate Reaists feel that the MORE we link our interests with others the more vulnerable we become Economic interdependence cons the Great Depression US economy affected the entire globes Another con if someone39s economy is crashing ours goes down with it drawn into other peoples39 conflicts IV International Organizations Liberals see them as very important Beieve they can really impact and influence states and political decisions It is through the organizations that states link their differences Reaists say they are very ineffective 0 Ex Germany Italy Japan all pulled out of the League of Nations right before WWII V Critiques of Liberalism A Ethnocentrism When you believe that your way is the best way 0 Ex US wants to spread democracy because we think it39s the best form of government other states don39t B On Size Fits All Model quotOur model works for us it should work for you alsoquot quotIf you39re still facing problems then you did it wrongquot
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