Lighting 1: Tools
Lighting 1: Tools MC351-01
Popular in Basic Video and Film Production
Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alyssa Notetaker on Sunday September 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to MC351-01 at Southeast Missouri State University taught by Frederick Jones in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Basic Video and Film Production in Journalism and Mass Communications at Southeast Missouri State University.
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Date Created: 09/13/15
LIGHTING 1 TOOLS TYPES OF LIGHT Directional ligm 1 llluminates relatively small area 2 Produces hard shadows 3 The type of light produced by a quotspotquot Diffused light 1 llluminates relatively large area 2 Produces soft unde ned shadows FRESNEL SPOT 1 Popular light in lm 2 Glass lens used to focus and control light quotSpotquot setting creates a small area of hard light quotFloodquot setting creates a large area of softer light Categorized by wattage 1 quot1Kquot 1000 watt lamp ELLIPSOIDAL 1 Light beam more sharply de ned than a Fresnel 2 Used for precise lighting and special effects 3 Primarily used in theater 1 Metal or glass template placed in front of a light to project patterns DIFFUSED LIGHTS 1 Common types of diffused lights include Soft light Chimera Bounced light LIGHT MEASUREMENT 1 Footcandle Basic unit of light measurement Measured with a light meter 2 Incident light Light that falls on a subject 3 Re ective light Light that bounces off of a subject COLOR TEMPERATURE 1 Color temperature is the relative color of light lndoor light tends to have a warm amber color Outdoor light tends to have a cool blue color 2 Color temperature is measured in degrees Kelvin 3 Tungsten light Standard indoor light 3200 K 3 Daylight Typical sunny day 5600 K Varies greatly depending on clouds and time of day 4 Florescent light lnconsistent color temperature typically 4800 K COLOR CORRECTION 1 Mixed light situations can give shots an improper representation of color Most problems occur within interior rooms with daylight coming through windows 2 Gels Used to alter color temperature of light source Also used to add color diffusion or effects Attached to barn doors using a quotC47quot COLOR CORRECTION GELS 1 Blue color correction gel CTB Changes 3200 K light to 5600 K Placed in front of tungsten light 2 Amberorange color correction CTO Changes 5600 K light to 3200 K Placed over windows 3 quotBlues boost and ambers reducequot WORKING WITH LIGHT 1 Four primary reasons for manipulating light Change shape or pattern of light Change intensity of light Diffusing or re ecting light Alter color of light TOOLS FOR SHAPING LIGHT 1 Barn doors Metal doors on front of lighting instrument 2 Flag Black cloth sheets used to block light 3Snoot Metal cylinder creates a circle of illumination 4 Cucaloris or quotcookiequot Patterned wood that creates areas of light and dark TOOLS FOR SHAPING LIGHT 1 Barn doors 2 Flag 3Snoot 4 Cucaloris TOOLS FOR LIMITING INTENSITY 1 Scrims Most effective tool for controlling light ratios Single scrim cuts light by 12 stop Double scrim cuts light by 1 stop Half scrim half mesh half open 2 Neutral density quotNDquot lters Gray gels that don39t alter color of light TOOLS FOR DIFFUSING LIGHT 1 Spun glass Textured cloth placed on barn doors of light 2 Silk Large white cloth creates a smooth diffusion 2 Bounced light White surfaces will diffuse light that is re ected OTHER LIGHTING TOOLS 1 Scrim 2 Silk 3 C47