Popular in People and Environment (I)
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Torres on Sunday September 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ISS 310 at Michigan State University taught by Dr. Lucero Radonic in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 124 views. For similar materials see People and Environment (I) in Social Work at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/13/15
ISS 310 People and Environment 0 What is anthropology The study of human diversity across time and space 0 We will study diversity across time biology society language and culture 0 How does we biologically adapt ExamplePeople who go to Quito Ecuador might suffer from headache because of the change in the environment Brief background 0 European Colonialism Who are this people They considered different cultures inferior They believed that other races where inferior because they found smaller skulls 0 Mid 1800s Unilinear Evolution They wanted to resemble western civilization 1 SavageryBarbarismCivilization 2 Evolution as moral mental and technological improvements FRANZ Boas 18481942 Proposed the idea to understand other cultures 1 Biological race does not exist 2 Change occurs in response to current pressures and opportunities KEY TERMS 1 Ethnocentrism To judge a culture using one own cultural standards and values 2 Cultural relativism an individual beliefs and practices should be understood by other in terms of the individual s culture 3 Holism commitment to study the full scope of human life across space and time A crosscultural and comparative approach Four fields Anthropology 0 Physical or biological Study of human variability changes in the physical form and how do we adapt to the environment 0 Archeology study human behavior and cultural patterns Focuses on the material records like the Egyptian Towers 0 Linguistic anthropology studies language 0 Cultural anthropology Focus of the class Study of social and cultural similarities and differences 1 It is global includes rural and nonrural areas 2 Bottom up approach Begin studying people and patterns of human life at the local scale 3 Ethnographic Fieldwork Spend time with the people 4 Attentive to power relations and structure study of the people and their structures Example power inside families Is the male the dominant decision maker in the family 5 Cultural relativism Questions if ethnocentrism is wrong or right What is culture System of knowledge beliefs patterns of behaviors artifacts and institutions that are created learned and shared by a group of people Culture is not biological it is symbolic shared and constantly changing Enculturation The process of learning culture
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