Soc 205 Week 4 Notes
Soc 205 Week 4 Notes Soc 205 002
Popular in Crime, Public Policy, and the Criminal Justice System
Popular in Sociology
Kaylee Renner MD
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Angelina Notetaker on Sunday September 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 205 002 at University of New Mexico taught by Maria B. Velez in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Crime, Public Policy, and the Criminal Justice System in Sociology at University of New Mexico.
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Date Created: 09/13/15
Soc 205 Week 4 Notes Review from week 3 notes Positive School of Criminology 0 Two main elements of Positivist School 0 Positivists see human behavior as a function of internal or external forces that are often beyond individual control 0 Early positivists were in uenced by the scientific method I Examples biological and psychological explanations sociological perspective I View of Criminal Behavior 0 Individuals are basically driven to criminal acts by complex forces over which they have little control 0 As a 19th century positivists said Criminals go criminal as the insane go mad because they can hot help it Empey p 157 0 They believed that punishment was used to keep criminals away from others or try to lessen the punishment 0 Compared to Classical School of Criminology most punishment would be different in other countries because they follow along the lines of the Positive School of Criminology While the United States follows the lines of Classical School The History of Measuring Crime 0 Early History 0 Early censuses circa 2275 BC to 1400 BC I Not used for public policy recommendations 0 Since the 1700s goal was to create statistical databases I France represents the first national crime statistics 0 Patchwork of data in the US until UCR O Varity of state level sources of crime problematic because I Definitions of crime varied I No centralized reporting procedures I Policies varied across jurisdictions I Statistics mostly used politically 0 Thus could not compare crime rates 0 Early UCR was born 0 Problems with Early UCR 0 Wide variety in reporting of crime levels varied greatly I ie differential law enforcement I Better record keeping higher crime rates 0 Police reluctant to publish crime statistics I Because it could mean that there is more crime in that one area compared to other areas in the United States from the reports 0 Used as political tools to get funding 0 UCR Moral Panics media generated crime waves I Moral Panic sense of fear or concern that is out of proportion of the actual threat 0 If we do not have a good idea of crime trends we began to do things that do not help anyone and brings more fear to the population I Some cities will over report to help them get funding for their cities 0 Picking the Crimes to Count 0 Included crimes murder nonnegligent manslaughter rape robbery aggravated assault burglary larceny and motor vehicle theft 0 Selected because I Most likely to be reported 0 Criminologist thought that these crimes were more harmful and serious to be reported and frequently reported I Investigations could establish whether crimes occurred I Occurred across geographical locations I Frequent I Serious 0 Most crimes reported are only half of the actual crimes that are done and not reported but motor vehicle theft is different because it is the most reported crime 0 Early SelfReport 0 Drew on surveys of deviant behavior I ie Kinsey s work on sexual behavior 0 important because is showed that people would disclose private and embarrassing behaviors I ie work by researchers at Yale on college student drinking 0 They learned that students were not a feared to talk about their illegal activities I During the 50 s sociologist started looking at the Micro level individual and not really looking at the Marco level Society 0 SelfReport data reveals a weak social classdelinquency relationship I Challenges poverty crime hypothesis so often a part of criminological theory 0 Early Victimization Surveys 0 Information from Victims Crimes not reported to Police First conducted in 1966 in Washington DC Many offenses were not recorded in official records 310X Reasons for not reporting I Private matters I Police ineffectiveness 0 Highest rates of victimization O O O O I LowIncome respondents I Minorities had higher victimization rates than whites I Males had rates of victimization about 3 times higher than for females 0 The gender gap is getting smaller over time but there is still a very large gap between males and females when it comes to crime I Victimization Surveys 0 Interviews typically given to the head of the households 0 Limitations I Man more likely to be victims because household crimes more likely to be assigned to men I More recent crimes more likely to be reported ie telescoping I Crimes against interviewee more likely to be reported than others in the household I Collegeeducated respondents reported more incidents End of Week 4 notes 0 Important There will be a test this Friday 918 0 Also Week 5 Notes will hopefully be upload by next Wednesday or Thursday at the latest Thank you for using Studysoup