The Early Hominins
The Early Hominins ANTH 2210-001
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amy Notetaker on Sunday September 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 2210-001 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Dr. Aaron Deter-Wolf in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see World Prehistory in ANTH at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 09/13/15
Human did not com from monkeys We do share the same family but they are primates and we are hominins c We have common ancestors with monkeys though Unlike the hominins We walk upright as they do not We have a lifespan twice as long as their What makes Humans Human Cranial capacity of 2600 cc Spokenlanguage precision grip and fully opposable thumbs tool making bipedalism culture pre planning and imagination Bipedalism All apes are somewhat bipedal Humans are bipedal all the time and it is a learned thing A drawback of bipedalism is our skeletal design It is very terrible Benefits of Bipedalism temperature control let us run over long distances Allowed us to fightdefend ourselves speech tool making hands are free The Earliest Hominins Australopithecus Afarensis o thousands of specimen they did not have settlements they just roamed around Females usually died in different locations than where they were born males usually died in the same region where they were born They were scavengers Afarensis died out A Lot of the skulls had gashes in them Homo Habilis o Arrives around 225 MYA Known as the handyman had a more vertical face mostly opposable thumbs fully bipedal made tools The Paleolithic Old Stone Age known as the lower paleolithic 35 mya 300000 BP appearance of the stone tools flintknapping how to make flint tools First archaeological culture 0 3 mya 0 east and south Africa The Oldowan Culture 0 Chopper tools o cores 0 flake tools 0 oldowan sites are usually found around riverbanks more on Homo Habilis 0 They were capable of pre planning 0 they didn t have fire 0 They were omnivores and we can tell this by their teeth Pleistocene Epoch o 25 o The last great ice age was 181 mya in Africa 0 forrest were getting smaller and grasslands became bigger o bigger carnivores died out because the lack of prey o Habilis also died out Homo Ergaster o 19 MYa 300000 BP Working man built for heat and travel hairless darker pigments in their skin They were able to jog and run because of their sweat glands hun ng our first ancestors to leave Africa and they were called erectus after they left Africa 0 Ergaster was following the animals and were trying to find new resources Acheulian Culture Hand axes 16 MYA 200 KYA dominant tool that most ergaster used generally all shaped the same First hominin to make a hafted tool Also they had fire 0 fire reduces mortality rates 0 gives them warmth o protection from predators 0 cooking First hominins to eat cooked meat They needed 30000 calories to survive in the world outside of Africa Theirjaw muscles became weaker when they started cooking Our brain capacity became bigger The Middle Stone Age 0 300 25 KYA in Africa Behavioral Modernity A set of traits that distinguish present day humans and our recent ancestors from living primates Indicators 0 finely made tools 0 art 0 jewelry and body decoration 71 KYA we see the first bow and arrow New tools such as fish hooks and needles They had body decoration for social and interacting with each other They did have clothes by this time Art 0 The oldest piece of art is a Carved Ochre from Blombos Cave and it dates to 70 KYA
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