AIP NOTES PSC 2482
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nangesian Lekilit Waters on Sunday September 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 2482 at George Washington University taught by Throup, D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 65 views. For similar materials see African International Politics in Political Science at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 09/13/15
WEEK ONE DECOLONIZATION 1st 3 countries to gain independence Sudan 1956 Ghana 1957 New Guinea 1958 until the Late 19605 neither Soviet Union or United States were involved in Africa might think its strange that SU and US were not involved in the continent US especially since it has such a large African American population Catharine the Great sought an ally from the Ottoman empire The empire identified Ethiopia as the country because of same religion to Russia at the time 17605 and 17705 Russia and Ethiopia had an interesting relationship When Italy invaded Russia gave help to Ethiopia Imperial Germany and Russia wanted to create problems to Britain Therefore they supported Africa in decolonization Through out this time US was not interested at all Key moment was in the Berlin conference 1884 1885 the US attended Berlin Conference If you don39t have control of the interior we39ll give control of the country to someone else Berlin triggered the SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA For vast majority of Africans colonialism era was brief For most it lasted 50 60 perhaps 70 years Theres a debate among African Historians whether colonialism was that important at all Did it fundamentally change anything 12 think its relevant and the rest think not Versaille Peace Conference 1950 Africa didn39t even play a role in this peace treaty under the treaty countries were cut up For instance Togo was allowed to the French and Brits US attended this conference but refused to reconcile 1917 Russian Revolution not really about Africa but everything else educate Africans on stuff in MoscowJomo Kenyatta is the only African to go Albert Zulu and Jomo K attended Zulu died but JK always thought that he was killed George Patmore from Trinidad came to US uni in 1920s Howard Profintern recruited GP to the african bureau he played a part in radicalizing africans and he tried to recruit them to the profintern falls out with Moscow and joins with Trotsky and ends up in London creates a party for africans which included people that would play a prominent role in AfricaAfrican Service Bureau in London in the 1930s Nkrumah also went thru African Service bureau created by Patter and eventually became the PM of Ghana Kenyatta Banda of Malawi created a forum for african radicals and african students could congregate and meet lilteminded individuals and hold discussions Most COMMUNIST AFRICAN COUNTRY countries with the largest communist parties in the 1950s and 60s were South Africa and Sudan they had up to 1 million members each South African party began as a white labour movement fighting against cheap African labour COLONIAL RULE 1920s was getting stronger and more established period of the railway reconstruction 1930s depression changes things and european colonialism gets wealter places like Nigeria and Ghana begin protests especially thru cocoa workers the warww2 wealtend colonialism ideologically and economically Signing of the Atlantic Charter was signed Pres Roosevelt and the US showed hostility to European nations during the era Cold War as the war gathers momentums US views regarding colonialism in middle east and asia went more on the european side Conferences Nairobi 1951 conference in Nairobi 1954 Held in Dakar Senegal Brits and US never saw eye to eye on this issue tho Ethiopia caught US eyes the most Haile Selasie made a speech condemning italian invasion and asserting Ethiopia39s existence Selasie went to exile in London 1st meeting of Haile Selasie and JK happened when JK went up to stage and embraced HS by early 1941 the italian empire had released Ethiopia after the war with Brit Selasie was worried that Brits would take over Selasie comes back cozies up with the americans and in 1941 Ethiopia became a big ally to the united states the importance grows during the cold war Somalia Problem the flag has five starsitaian somaliland british somaliland french somaliland Ethiopian somaliland british controlled kenyan somaliland all these areas are occupied by somali speaking people Brits decide that it39s better if the territories come together somali speakers weren39t happy because they lose 25 of the country so they stir up the americans and the americans block the idea of a quotunited somaliquot Italian somaliland and brit somaliland eventually come together in 1960 for independence because of Ethiopian existence the other somalilands stay in tact Eritrea what do weed with it brits had been there but wanted to leave Italians are interested in coming tho soviet union says eritrea should get trustee ships but that doesn39t go well and so ethiopia ends up having it Ethiopia would be an entirely autonomous region that39s that deal made ion 1950s emperor tears it up and abolishes the parliament then eritrea goes back to being Italy39s colony this all starts because the ethiopians were able to get the us to back them up Katnu mini america about 28000 troops 20 miles outside of Asmara Eritrea at that location soviet communication could be heard in that area american listening post because they could intersect wireless messages that is why Ethiopia becomes important to the US and the cold war STALIN Septical over asian and african revolutionaries 1963 British Egypt Egyptians interest in increasing aswan dam water looked into the US for 515 US says they will support if they go to the world bank something happened and the world bank ended up pulling the funds out russians came in and said they39d give 515 but never did Egypt ended up nationalizing the suez canal the profits would go to the dam brit and french govs were hostile over Egypt taking the canal organized to over throw the Egyptian government Brit troops went to the canal but after some deals they took out the troops Egyptians moved in and took over the control Brits dont trust the Egyptians the French dont like the Egyptians because National Liberation group was started by them in nigeria they did the same in Morocco and Tunisia forcing the french out the french cozy up to the Israelis and make a plan to invade Egypt the israelis would invade and say its because of boarder problems they made a plan to compel the Egyptian troops to pull back due to the failure of the pound went to america world bank and they all said NO brit gov pulls out because they didn39t have finances to do anything but they had 75 of the canal under their control left it to the french but the french could not do anything alone this was the lowest moment in anglo american relations balance of political power in the middle east really changes Suez becomes the time when Brit power in the middle east decreased the middle east shows that there39s turmoil and colonialism was about to die ltrustov announces stalinism during a conference 3 principles peaceful coexistence and promotion of emergence of a global peace zone in liberated countries soviet union was willing to support economic development he recognize the bourgecie as the leaders the bourse nationalist party soviets all of a sudden had positive attitudes toward asia and africa ltrustov saw that tehy could be worked with and encouraged to support soviet missions he was mainly thinking about the middle east 1957 ghana becomes independent Soviet is not very trusting to Ghana
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