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by: Ellie


Marketplace > University of Maryland > Political Science > gvpt170 > GVPT 170 LECTURE 7 NOTES VOTING 1
GPA 3.6

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About this Document

Intro to Voting notes from February 22 with examples that Dr. Miler gave in class
American Government
Dr. Kris Miler
Class Notes
voting, American Government
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ellie on Monday March 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to gvpt170 at University of Maryland taught by Dr. Kris Miler in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see American Government in Political Science at University of Maryland.


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Date Created: 03/07/16
VOTING The Paradox of Voting: People use cost-benefit analysis. ECON theory interacts with the POLITICAL theory. 1) Is it rational to vote? No, economist perspective , it’s not because , Probability of Affecting the Outcome (P) *Utility of Your Candidate Winning (U) –Coast of Voting (C)<0 BUT!!!!!  Additional Factor: Civic Duty (D) so the equation becomes, P*U-C+D>0 which drives people to the voting locations on the voting day Individual Costs& Benefits of Voting: 1) Tangible: EXAMPLE :Time (biggest cost) 2) Intangible: EXAMPLE: Civic Duty (selective benefit), personal satisfaction Paradox of Participation: 1) “Paradox of Voting” as applied to non-voting participation. Objectively, the probability of your vote changing the outcome is VERY LOW 2) Rational Ignorance: You have to figure out how you feel about the candidate or how informed you are on a policy issue. Information is costly to obtain and isn’t very valuable because of the low probability that your knowledge will effect the results. So in the economic sense it is rational to be relatively uninformed. BUT!!!!!!!  Social networks and mobilization encourages participation Who Participates? MOBILIZATION:  Mobilization as the process by which candidates, parties, activists and groups induce other people to participate” (R&H page 360)  Mobilization increases participation in both conventional and unconventional way  It is very powerful as it works for both sides in the costs (decreases it dramatically ) and in the benefits (increases it dramatically) Mobilization Strategies:  Direct Mobilization vs Indirect M.  Target Mobilization (Known, central networks, likely to respond)  Timing of Mobilization …The Big Questions On Participation: 1) Is more participation desirable? + Yes, it is the core of the democratic phenomenon -No, if more participation means more uninformed people getting involved 2) If yes, how can we increase the participation? a) Reduce the costs of participating b) Increase citizen’s efficacy c) Increase efforts of mobilization 3) Is political participation good for democracy?  Participation & Equality : “Do citizens have equal ability to influence government”  P& Freedom : “Free to participate – free not to participate”  P& Order Who Can Vote? p.s When we talk about participation we tend to mean non-voting participation eventhough voting is a part of political participation. History of Suffrage in the U.S 1700s Male+White+Property Owner 1820s Male+ White 1870s 15 Amendment extended voting rights of African Americans th 1920 19 Amendment 1960 Civil Rights Movement th 1965 24 Amendment Voter Registration In the U.S it’s a 2 step process 1) Register 2) Vote Reforms intended to make voting less costly 1) Make registration easier 2) Make voting easier Controversy: Voter ID laws (Who’s affected? Minorities )


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