Popular in World History Since 1500
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Colleen Murphy on Monday March 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 102 - 11 at Radford University taught by Garth N. Montgomery in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see World History Since 1500 in History at Radford University.
Reviews for Week 6
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 03/07/16
Colleen Murphy History 102 3/1/16 Enlightenment: Science Philosophy Politics (1500 1789) o Astronomy: first science to kick off Enlightenment Copernicus (1473 1534) Polish Says there is no way everything revolves around the earth Questions the bible Galileo (1561 1626) First telescope Supports Copernicus Observes suns phases Heliocentric Theory Excommunicated when he showed the pope how things revolved around the sun not the earth. Francis Bacon “Scientific truth must conform to empirical observation” Issac Newton Laws of gravity What hold the earth in orbit? o Gravitational force Physical universe is a realm of natural laws The Philiosophes Deism: rational nature rational god rational morality (right and wrong). Reform Christianity. Voltaire (1694 1778) o Book Letters on the English Loves Newton and Locke o Included in the Encyclopedia Diderot (1713 1784) o The Encyclopedia (1751 1772) 17 volumes Gets people the write articles about everything in history in a scientific manor. 1500 copies Only merchants, nobles etc read them Adam Smith o The Wealth of Nations (1776) Wealth comes from people making stuff to meet others needs Supply and demand, free market, laissez – fairé economics (no government in economy) v. mercantilism Montesquieu o Spirit of the Laws (1748) What is the best form of government? Compares and contrast Separation of powers What be believes is the most stable (constitutional monarchy) Rousseau o Social Contract (1762) What ties people together? What makes people good? Good people are made from good parents o General Will Where morality comes from Democracy Majority and Minority. How they relate. Majority rules Enlightened Absolutism o Frederick the Great (Russia r. 1740 1786) o Joseph II (Austria r. 1765 1790) o Catherine the Great (Russia r. 1762 1796) 3/3/16 Revolution 7 Years War (1756 1763) “French and Indian War” American Revolution o English taxes colonies in order to pay for 7 Years War debt o “No taxation without representation” o 1765: Stamp Act Congress Price of newspapers goes up just because of an extra stamp and the people aren’t happy about it. o 1773: Boston Tea Party Revolt against tax on tea o 1774: Intolerable Acts British say that they’re going to take things is people don’t pay taxes. This is peoples way of getting away from it o 1775: Lexington and Concord When locals turn into a continental army o 1776: (April) American ports opened (v. mercantilism) (July 4) Declaration of Independence France o Estates General (1787 1789) o National Assembly (1789 1791) Tennis Court Oath rd 3 estate says that Estates General doesn’t exist and that they will become a constitutional monarchy. Won’t leave until they have a constitution. This causes a revolt in Paris which creates the Bastille (new army) to fight the king Declaration of Civic Equality No more estates. Everyone’s equal Declaration of the Rights of Man French version of our declaration o Legislative Assembly (1791 1792) 50,000 richest taxpayers were “electors” Will elect who is in legislature “Suppression of Guilds” in one town, families have hereditary rights to one specific line of work electors what to get rid of guilds “Liberation of the grain trade” Similar to enclosure You can close off your land and grow cash crops Assignats Paper money. Money is a form of “I owe yous” currency Government is paying off people to get them to get them off their backs War v. Austria Hapsburgs (Austria) tell Loui (France) to shut the people down.
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'