Chapter 1 Notes
Chapter 1 Notes Envi 110
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kori Robbins on Monday September 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Envi 110 at Indiana State University taught by Susan Mary Berta in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 66 views. For similar materials see Intro to Environmental Science in Environmental Science at Indiana State University.
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Killer notes! I'm stoked I can finally just pay attention in class!!!
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Date Created: 09/14/15
Chapter 1 Section 1Notes It Takes a Community Easter Island Also Called Rapa Nui 3500km west of Chile in Paci c Ocean Colonized between AD 7001100 Diverse Forest Productive coasts People of Easter Island Rapa Nui Advanced culture after a few centuries Writing Religion Thriving Population Grew to 1500020000 Rapa Nui saga o 1722 arrival of Dutch explorers found Easter Island deforested 21 tree species extinct Remaining trees less than 10 feet Seabird population decimated No timber to build seaworthy boats 20003000 Rapa Nui barely surviving by farming infertile soil Rapa Nui exemplify the tragedy of the commons Tragedy of the commons Described in 1968 by Garret Hardin Destruction of natural resources shared by a community Individual greed wins over cooperation Shared resources are overexploited Easter Island story similar to Earth 0 Earth An quotislandquot people cannot escape Resources are shared by 73 billion people Many resources diminishing 02 of forest permanently lost yearly 23 of marine sh stocks in decline Extinction rate 1000x faster than in prehuman times Shared water and air resources polluted ls Earth doomed to the tragedy of the commons Many environmentalists say no 0 Ecosystems can renew resources 0 Tragedy of the commons is oversimpli cation 0 Numerous cases of substainly managed resources Sustainable sheries in Mexico Forest stewardship in Nepal Numerous examples of community success Montreal Protocol Elinor Ostrom o Chronicled community success 0 Identi ed key characteristics of sustainable managementcommunities Knowledge Leadership Social Capital Seri people lived on lsla Angel dela Guarda in the Sea of Cortez for less than 2000 years where they sustainably shed and farmed along the coast The environment 0 Physical chemical and biological factors Environmental factors 0 Studies all aspects of the environment 0 Ecology One of the disciplines in environmental science Studies abundance and distribution of organisms Sustainable actions 0 ldea has changed over time Environmental resources seen as endless 150 years ago Now resources are limited and need management Policies addressed con icts about use 0 Commercial interests clean water and conservation of species often in con ict Basic needs food shelter Good health Social stability Personal freedom Commission on sustainable development CSD 0 Established in 1992 0 Known originally as the Earth summit Sustainability maintaining the ability to accommodate 3 important sources ofchange o The world is changing Environments are under constant change 0 We are changing Technology changes our needs for ecosystem services 0 We are changing the world Human impacts alter the environment Sustainability 0 Meeting the needs of the present in an equitable and fair fashion without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs Planet people and pro t the triple bottom line TBL o Developed byJohn Elkington 0 Accounting framework that measures 3 dimensions on performance Environmental Social Economic Triple Bottom Line TBL also known as quot3 P squot planet people and pro t 0 Planet Measured by pollution output waste production energy use species conservation etc 0 People Human health and wellbeing equity access to social resources and bene t to community 0 Pro t Economic dimension Can a company make a pro t based on the triple bottom line 0 DIRTI39 Doing It Right This Time Creates prefabricated interiors for of ces hospitals and homes 0 Planet DIRTI39 considers the environment in every part of its business The product is built on the concept of reuse Every piece of the interior is interchangeable reusable and more able to accommodate the rapidly changing uses for building interiors People DIR IT promises its employees that they will continue to have a job 0 When business is slow workers are paid to do community service thus building goodwill in the communities where the factories are located Pro t 0 In 2013 DIR IT went public which means that shares of the business are now available for purchase by the public
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