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Roman and Etruscans!

by: Mary Katherine O'Guin

Roman and Etruscans! Art 1110

Mary Katherine O'Guin
GPA 3.3
Introduction to Art

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Introduction to Art
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mary Katherine O'Guin on Monday September 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Art 1110 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Baxley in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 47 views.


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Date Created: 09/14/15
Etruscan Art 1000100 BC During the same time period as greece City states in modern day tuscany Seafaring traders Worked in metals terracotta and wall paintings Etruscans kings ruled Rome until 509 BC More material view of the afterlife Women held more of predominant role Used a lot of Bronze and Terracotta 0 Temple of Apollo at Veii 515490 BC More clothes and Made of terracotta unlike the greeks who made their sculptures out of stone Looks somewhat kind archaic greek o Wounded Chimera 4th century BC made of bronze and a combination of a snake lion and a bull o Capitoline Wolf 500 BC made also of bronze Two men raised by wolf They burned the dead and saved the ashes in vases Vases have head on the top 0 Made these urns in the shape of a house sometimes made of terracotta o Mater Matuta 460440 BC Made of limestone more emphasis on the female gods compared to greek which was more focused on the male 0 Engraved bronze mirrors most mirrors were made out of polish metals not as clear as a glass mirror They were only used by women they had artwork on the opposite side of the mirror Uni Hera Nursing Herakles 350300 BC Tomb of the Augurs 540 BC 0 Fresco Painting on wet plaster wet plaster on the wall and while it is still wet you paint on the wall so the painting becomes permanent on the wall 0 Fresco Secco painting on dry plaster 0 Sarcophagus 520 BC 0 Most well known piece of art 0 little bit naturalistic from the waist up but from the was down it was less 0 The hat she is wearing is a symbol of status she was an aristocrat Ancient Home 509 BC 476 AD 0 Domestic O 0 Public 0 The DomusLatin for House plain on outside decorated on the inside more courtyard area surrounded by rooms The Insulae Most Romans lived here used a lot Arches in their buildings Key Stone wedged shaped stone holds it all together The Forum Just a meeting space for public gatherings The Basilica two walls with half domes on the ends The middle isle is called the Nave and the two ends would be called the Apse This is where court cases were held The Colosseum Just a greek theater on steroids LOL Has a lot of the Arch structure as well The floor was made of wood which is why it is gone now The Aqueducts Used to bring in more resources like waterfood The Temple Solid building with free standing columns in the front No stairs with a front entrance Structure of a greek temple with a etruscan design The Pantheon The interior is a giant dome with a smaller front Was made of concrete which is not what many people used The indentions in the front reduce the weight of the block so it won t just all fall in The Hole in the ceiling is not a window but it i a hole When it rains it falls right through This hole also provide light This is called the Oculus As the un moves the light in the middle move with it shining on different things during the day The Ara Pacis Was sort of religious but was more for political purposes Build this to offer sacrifices for one of the first emperors It has been reconstructed because pieces were lost Has some very greek looking images on their but not exactly the same Borrowing images from the greeks Trajan s Column Tells a story of trajan s victory on the actually sculpture Triumphal Arches Arch of Titus AD 81 Arch of Constantine AD 313 VERY BIG O Sarcophagi Buried dead in a coffin This is what most Romans used for the dead 0 Sculptures Portrait Busts For people who have died but rarely of ones who were still living Young Flavian Woman More elaborate you hair or clothes more higher up you are Augustus of Primaporta He has the same stance as of some greek sculptures Romans copied the greeks mostly in their sculptures Roman identified themselves as descendants of gods Equestrian Statues A statue of a dude on a horse Bronze statue Hand raised implied Leadership 0 Four styles of paintings First style Republic flat mosaic Villa of cicero pompeii Second Style More depth fRed backgroundsfigures Villa of the mysteries 6550 BC Third style Fresco black decorative walls with thin paintings Fourth style painting paintings on the wall House of Vetti frescoes Pompeii 6379 AD Still Life 50 AD Fresco Herculaneum


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