GVPT170 February 17th PUBLIC OPINION AND INTRO TO PARTICIPATION
GVPT170 February 17th PUBLIC OPINION AND INTRO TO PARTICIPATION gvpt170
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ellie on Monday March 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to gvpt170 at University of Maryland taught by Dr. Kris Miler in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see American Government in Political Science at University of Maryland.
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Date Created: 03/07/16
February 17 Wednesday –LECTURE Measurement of Public Opinion Sampling: It’s not only about deciding who part of of your survey is but also deciding who is not. Purpose A group of people with in a population used for gauge opinion of the entire population. “We can’t ask everybody” Analogy that Dr. Miler gave in class: The food in a pot is represented by the spoon of that food that you bring to your mouth to taste whether the seasoning is right. You don’t eat the entire food in the pot to see if it is tasty. Plus or Minus Points: Indicates margin of error in the results of the poll Sources of Error: -Question wording: 1) Ambiguous wording “Do you EXERCISE (??) REGULARLY (????)” 2) Word choice : “Welfare” vs “Assistance to the poor” Non-response: EXAMPLE: The lowest and the highest ends of the income spectrum usually don’t answer or moderate their answers and say they are in the middle. EXAMPLE2: People tend not to answer the questions that are on sensitive topic like race. Non-attitudes: Do citizens have genuine opinion on the topic of the poll? If we see “don’t know” answer a lot by the participants: 1) They might not have an opinion at all 2) They might be indecisive meaning they see both the pros and cons of the issue 3) They might not want to share their opinion TYPES OF PARTICIPATION Conventional Participation :Going on a rally, putting up a sticker Unconventional Participation : Protests, occupies, social movements You need to be really interested +engaged Long history of unconvencianal participation in American History. Not often but essential. EXAMPLE : Tea party,civil rights movement, black lives matter The Structure of Governments& Types of Political Participation Conventional vs. Unconventional When citizens can’t get their voices heard through the institution and law in the form of the constitution, they shift to the unconventional participation. The key thing is to balance the responsiveness and the stability of the government. Thus the democratic governments tries to channel their citizens to the conventional participation. WHO PARTICIPATES? Individual Features: 1) SES (Socio-economic status) 2) Education 3) Efficacy