The Canterbury Tales Prologue/The Franklin's Tale Notes
The Canterbury Tales Prologue/The Franklin's Tale Notes ENGL 301
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Snyder on Monday September 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 301 at Old Dominion University taught by Dr. Edward Jacobs in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 73 views. For similar materials see Intro to British Literature I in Foreign Language at Old Dominion University.
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Date Created: 09/14/15
British Literature The Canterbury Tales General PrologueThe Franklin s Tale Notes 82715 NO QUIZ Moveable Type amp Chaucer s Influence After the Bible the Canterbury Tales is the first work of literature to be published by moveable type and sold in Great Britain 0 At this point the Bible is still printed in Latin and it is a capital crime to translate it Chaucer is the first to be printed in English 0 Shows his enormous influence 0 Unlike oral culture and hand written manuscripts moveable type is more uniform and consistent Everybody is literally quoton the same page when discussing the story making direct quotation and proliferation of the text easier and more widespread Also leads to the standardization of the English language 0 quotIf Chaucer spells it this way then it must be right Background Society is broken into three quotestatesquot or groups 0 Aristocracy 0 Clergy Peasa ntry Each of the tales in the Canterbury Tales is told by a different representative of the various classes 0 Both men and women Stereotypes rather than individuals 0 We get a little bit of everything 0 Magic 0 Romance 0 Moral fables o Dirtyjokes o Preachings In this way Chaucer can be described as a ventriloquist of sorts Bore above a pub he rises to nobility 9 knows what it s like to live as a member of each of the classes can speak honestly from each point of view It is important to note that Chaucer tells the tales in order a class ranking The Tales In medieval times living through the harshness of winter was an accomplishment therefore spring serves as a time of pilgrimage to travel to quotstraunge strondes or strange shores lines 1314 p 236 0 There the pilgrims thank the saints for helping them when they were sick 0 Note that their gratitude is in regard to physical ailments not spiritual struggles British Literature The Canterbury Tales General PrologueThe Franklin s Tae Notes 82715 The story opens with the narrator presumably Chaucer meeting 29 other pilgrims at the Tabard Inn a historic pub in London 0 quotOf sondry folk by aventure yfalle 9 Various people encountered one another by chance 0 A commentary of British society at the time 9 a bunch of people who happened to convene in one place all on a similar quest like the pilgrims The Pilgrims The Aristocracy The Municipal 1 Knight 26 Reeve 2 Squire 3 Yeoman W The Clergy 27 Summoner 28 Pardoner 4 Prioress 5 Nun 6 Nun s Priest Unknown 7 Monk likes to hunt 8 Friar 29 Host 30 Chaucer The Professional Working Class 9 Merchant 10 Clerk 11 Lawyer 12 Franklin 13 Guildsman 1 14 Guildsman 2 15 Guildsman 3 16 Guildsman 4 17 Guildsman 5 18Cook 19 Shipman 20 Doctor 21 Wife of Bath British Literature The Canterbury Tales General PrologueThe Franklin s Tae Notes 82715 The Peasantry 22 Parson 23 Plowman 24 Miller 25 Manciple The Franklin s Tae Quiz Q What promise does Darigen make to Aurelius A If Aurelius can clear the beach of all its stones Darigen will be with him Q How does Aurelius force her to fulfill the promise A He pays a magician to raise the tides Q How does Arveragus respond when he learns of the promise A He insists that Darigen keep her promise The Franklin A member of the gentry from where the word gentleman is derived 0 No aristocratic heritage however he does own land and lives a similar lifestyle to that of noany One foot in the aristocratic lifestyle the other in a more humble and practical one Wellread but not formerly educated doesn t want to come off as arrogant Achieved this status through observing and mimicking those above him 9 proof that the gentry lifestyle can be learned Aurelius 0 Like the Franklin Aurelius is between classes while Arveragus and Darigen are clearly of noble standing 0 His brother is a student 0 The astrologermagician is of an even lower class 0 Performs tricks for SS 0 Not necessarily trustworthy o If Aurelius goal is to achieve nobility he is using Darigen as a model 0 Nobility not always noble Represents the more Norman side of manhood which defines a man by the woman at his side 0 Hesitates before returning Darigen very human quality 0 Arveragus more AngloSaxon side 9 defined by ability to fight wage war I Afterjust a year of marriage he leaves Darigen quotto seeke in arms worshipe and honour line 139 I Automatically tells Darigen that she must fulfill her promise I More concerned with what s abroad The Franklin asks which of his characters is most gentle or noble British Literature The Canterbury Tales General PrologueThe Franklin s Tale Notes 82715 Character Noble Actions Not So Noble Actions Arveragus Surrenders his wife to Aurelius starts the chain of honor Darigen Fulfills her promise Flirts with Aurelius gives him the impossible task a chivalric quest of clearing the beach Aurelius Pays an incredible amount of Weasels his way out of the money for Darigen s love returns her to Arveragus promise The Astrologer Pardons Aurelius debt Extorts Aurelius and others Moral of the story everyone is capable of achieving nobilityascending the ranks just as the Franklin and Chaucer did
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