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Social Work 2

by: Emily Neff

Social Work 2 0404-101-022

Emily Neff

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An Overview of the History of Social Work
Introduction To Social Welfare And Human Services
Dr. McAuliffe
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Neff on Monday March 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 0404-101-022 at Adelphi University taught by Dr. McAuliffe in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Introduction To Social Welfare And Human Services in Social Work at Adelphi University.

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Date Created: 03/07/16
Social Welfare and Social Work History  Social Welfare vs Social Work: Social Welfare is a system aimed at creating social and economic justice.  Poor Laws and the Historical Development of Social Work:     A man named Stephen has been called the first social worker. In the first century, seven Jewish  deacons were selected by Christian leaders to see to the needs of Jews who had been  enslaved. One of these seven men, Stephen, was particularly effective in this mission. Along  with his six peers, he collected food and money for distribution to the needy. Designating  specific persons to do the work was innovative.  The Poor Laws created a clear cut distinction between persons deemed worthy of receiving  assistance and those deemed unworthy of receiving it. They also represent a clear shift away  from private sector involvement in social service to governmental responsibility for the poor.  In 1349, the Statute of Labourers was established in England to create a distinction between the worthy and the unworthy poor. Under this law, only older adults and people with disabilities were deemed worthy to receive charity.  In 1536, King Henry the Eighth created eve more restrictive categories of persons eligible to  receive aid through the Henrician Poor Law of 1536. One effect of this law was to transfer the  responsibility for charity from the church to the state.  The Elizabethan Poor Laws of 1601 were aimed at placing responsibility for charity with the  government and categorizing levels of charity based on worthiness. The Poor Laws employed  the concept of mandatory local taxation to fund social and financial assistance. Public  assistance was provided to persons deemed eligible in three distinct categories: monetary help  for poor people who were deemed unemployable, work for persons of limited income, and  apprenticeships for orphaned and dependent children.  19th Century Social Work  The settlement house and Charity Organization Society movements are considered responsible  for the birth of the social work profession.  A settlement house is a facility based in a geographically bond neighborhood whose purpose is  to provide a center for the neighbors to receive social services. Settlement houses focused on  bettering the lower class, which was believed could be done through education and an  immersion of social workers into their clients’ community. The first settlement house was  Toynbee Hall in London; the best known US settlement house is Hull House, opened by Jane  Adams in 1889.  The philosophical underpinning of the charity organization society movement was that people  can be motivated to better themselves through individual sessions with a friendly visitor, as  opposed to a financial handout. COS workers believed that extending friendship and sympathy  would enable persons living in poverty to feel better about themselves and rise out of poverty.   War on Poverty At the time of the War of Poverty, the Kennedy administration was focusing on the creation of a  number of social programs and the advances of civil rights. Although halted due to increasing  program costs and the escalating war in Vietnam, the War on Poverty produced two significant,  long term outcomes: the voices of more people, particularly those with low incomes and persons of color, were heard for the first time in policy making activities, and in the form of contracting for service delivery, partnerships were formed between public and private institutions . Key People Ida Wells­Barnett championed the rights and needs of the African American community,  particularly in being able to gain access to services that were typically open only to Caucasians.  Instrumental in the founding of the group that became the National Association for the  Advancement of Colored People, Wells­Barnett’s contributions are noteworthy.  During the Depression, the Roosevelt administration, in which Francis Perkins acted as the  Secretary of Labor, instituted a number of programs to alleviate growing poverty, collectively  called the New Deal. One of these programs was the Social Security Act of 1935, passed to  alleviate the poverty of older adults, widows, the unemployed, persons with disabilities, and  dependent children.  Dorothea Dix was an activist who lobbied for funding and services for hospitals to house those  with mental illnesses.  Henry Hopkins oversaw the Federal Emergency Relief Administration during the Roosevelt  administration


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