Week 2 Notes - Criminology
Week 2 Notes - Criminology Soc 307
Popular in Criminology
Popular in Sociology
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kristen Kowalski on Monday September 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 307 at University at Buffalo taught by Watoii Rabii in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 72 views. For similar materials see Criminology in Sociology at University at Buffalo.
Reviews for Week 2 Notes - Criminology
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/14/15
Wednesday September 9 2015 Criminology Crime and the Culture of Fear The Image of Crime CRIME AND THE CULTURE OF FEAR Public fear of crime is great Ideology A set of beliefs Mass media Shapes our perceptions of crime Prevalence in media is not equal to actual statistics of crime Unusual v representative events Disjunction between news and FBl s UCR Uniform Crime Report UCR FBl s standard measure of crime in the US Newsworthy WCC v BCC WMC v BWC WWC Controlling images Collins 2004 Threat Narratives Chavez 2008 Who and what types of crime Measuring Crime and Criminal Behavior WHY DO WE MEASURE CRIME Why do we measure crime 1 Describes crime 2 Explain why crime occurs 3 Evaluating programs and policies PROBLEMS WITH UCR Some criticisms of the UCR are 1 The dark figure of crime Wednesday September 9 2015 2 Voluntary participation in the UCR 3 Does not report federal crimes Ex environmental crimes white collar crimes 4 Hierarchy rule Only most serious crime ends up being reported to the FBI 5 Measurement of seriousness Concentrates on blue collar crimes more than white collar crimes 6 Measuring crime or police activity Distinction between the two 7 Changes in legal code NATIONAL INCIDENT BASED REPORTING SYSTEM NIBRS Initiated at the end of the 1980s Designed to collect more details Classifies crime based on Group A and Group B offenses Incident Based Reporting System No hierarchy rule Circumstances of offense Reports multiple crimes part of one incident NATIONAL CRIME VICTIMIZATION SURVEY Asks people if they have been criminally victimized Collects data against individuals and households Attempts to capture the dark figure of crime Differs from the UCR in the following ways 1 Collection information made unavailable by UCR 2 Different criteria 3 Different definitions of crimes Wednesday September 9 2015 Some criticisms include 1 Can underestimate crime 2 Differences in reporting by raceeducation 3 Victimless crimes may be excluded 4 Crimes committed against commercial establishments excluded 5 No legal criteria SUPPLEMENTARY HOMICIDE REPORTS Developed in the 1960s Collected information pertaining to homicide incidents such as 1 Details of the murder victim and offender 2 relationship between victim and offender 3 Weapon used and circumstances in each criminal homicide Considered forerunner of NIBRS Schram and Tibbets 2014 HATE CRIME DATA Collection began in 1990 Hate Crime Statistics Act of 1990 People had to report hate crime and The Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 expanded it to people with disabilities Part of the UCR program LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICES KILLED AND ASSAULTED STATISTICS SLEOKA Number of police officers killed and assaulted in the US Wednesday September 9 2015 Part of the UCR program Associated risk and factors with the job Participating law enforcement agencies are required to report on officers who are killed or assaulted and meet the following criteria 1 Working in an official capacity 2 Having full arrest powers 3 Wearing a badge 4 Using a firearm Friday September 11 2015 Unofficial Crime Data ELF REPORT DATA Offenders anonymously asked if they committed a crime 1 39gt0 D 1 2 3 4 Weaknesses Allows sociologists to collect data without the government Attempt to acquire the following information Prevalence of attitudes beliefs and behaviors Changes in attitudes beliefs and behaviors over time Differences between groups that are offending Causal proposition question of why Collected via interviews and surveys Young males tend to exaggerate delinquency Some respondents forgot their delinquent acts Relatively minor offenses captured Convenience sample LIFE COURSE LIFE HISTORY DATA AND CRIMINAL BIOGRAPHIES Life course data Collected via longitudinal takes place over long period of time studies Focus on onset trajectories persistence and desistance Involves multiple individuals Life history data Life histories attempt to uncover continuous life experiences Friday September 11 2015 Involves multiple individuals Criminal biographies Criminal biographies document criminal s personal accounts of their activities Case Studies lnvolves one individual OBSERVATION RESEARCH AND PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION RESEARCH Observation research people observed in their natural settings Participant Observation Researcher participates in daily routines of research subjects
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'