Unit 1: Planes, Directions, Regions, and Cavities Notecards
Unit 1: Planes, Directions, Regions, and Cavities Notecards BMS 208-03
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This 19 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alyssa Schutzenhofer on Monday September 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BMS 208-03 at Grand Valley State University taught by Dr. Lanier in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 150 views. For similar materials see Human Anatomy in Biomedical Sciences at Grand Valley State University.
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Date Created: 09/14/15
Abdominal Region inferior to the thorax chest and superior to the hip bones Abdominopelvic Cavity Body Cavity found within the Ventral Cavity and contains both the Abdominal and Pelvic Cavities Abdominopelvic Quadrants There are four of them Right and Left Upper quadrants and Right and Left Lower quadrants Abdominopelvic Regions Umbilical Region Epigastric Region Hypogastric Region Right Hypochondriac Region Left Hypochondriac Region Right Lumbar Region Left Lumbar Region Right Iliac Region Left Iliac Region Anatomy To cut apart the study of structure Forearm the region of AntebraChlal the upper limb between the elbow and the wrist Region anterior to the Antecubltal elbow also known as the cubital region Anterior In front of toward the front surface Ear Visible surface Aur1cular structures of the ear and the ears internal organs Axillary Armpit Arm the portion of the BraChial upper limb between the shoulder and the elbow Buccal Cheek Calcaneal Heel of the foot Carpal wrist At the rear or tail end of Caudal the body quotThe abdomen is blank to the headquot Cephalic head Cervical Neck On the opposite side contralateral quotThe right arm is blank to the left legquot Coronal Plane plane that divides front from back Coxal Hip At the head end of the cranial body quotThe head is blank to the trunkquot Body cavity within the cramal caVIty Dorsal cavity is formed by the skull bones Cranial Region Skull Leg the portion of the crural lower limb between the knee and the ankle Deep on the inside underneath another structure Deltoid Shoulder Digital Fingers or Toes also called phalangeal Distal Furthest from point of attachment to the trunk Dorsal At the backside of the human body Dorsal and Ventral The tWO main bOdy cavities Body cavity that includes the cranial cavity and vertebral canal Dorsal Cavity Posterior Dorsal Region back Region of the Abdominopelvic Cavity above o o the umbilical region feel heartburn here EplgaStI39IC Reglon because it is located high in the digestive system typically contains part of the liver part of the stomach the duodenum part of the pancreas and both adrenal glands Femoral Thigh Fibular Lateral aspect of the leg Frontal Forehead Gluteal Buttock Hallus Great toe Region of the abdominopelVic cavity below the umbilical region typically Hypogastric Region contains part of the small intestine the urinary bladder and the sigmoid colon of the large intestine Feel symptoms of a UTI here Inferior Closer to the feet below Inguinal Groin sometimes used to indicate just the crease in the junction of the thigh with the trunk Ipsilateral On the same side quotThe right arm is blank to the right legquot Lateral away from the midline Left Hypochondriac Region Region of the abdominopelVic cavity right below the ribcage on the person39s left side Typically contains part of the stomach the spleen the left colic exure of the large intestine and part of the left kidney Left Iliac Region The inferior region to the person39s left of the hypogastric region Contains the junction of parts of the colon as well as part of the small intestine Left Lumbar Region Region of the abdominopelVic cavity to the person39s left of the umbilical region Contains the descending colon part of the left kidney and part of the small intestine Lumbar Relating to the loins or the part of the back and sides between the ribs and the pelvis Mammary Breast Manus Hand Medial towards the midline Mental Chin Midsagittal Plane Median down the middle Nasal Nose occipital Posterior aspect of the head Olecranal Posterior of the elbow Oral Mouth Orbital Eye Palmar Palm of the hand Patellar Kneecap Pelvic Pelvis Diamond shaped region Perineal between the thighs that contains the anus and selected external reproductive organs Pes Foot Physiology The study of function Plantar sole of the foot PolleX Thumb Poplitoal Area posterior to the knee Posterior In back of toward the back surface Proximal Closest to point of attachment to the trunk Pubic Anterior region of the pelvis Radial Lateral aspect of the foramen Right Hypochondriac Region Region of the abdominopelvic cavity right below the ribcage on the person39s right side Typically contains part of the liver the gallbladder and part of the right kidney Right Iliac Region The inferior region to the person39s right of the hypogastric region Typically contains the inferior end of the cecum the appendix and part of the small intestine Right Lumbar Region Region of the abdominopelvic cavity to the person39s right of the umbilical region Typically contains the ascending colon and the right colic flexure of the large intestine the superior part of the cecum part of the right kidney and part of the small intestine Rostral Toward the nose quotThe frontal lobe is blank to the occipital lobequot Sacral Posterior region between the hip bones Scapular shoulder blade Stemal Anterior middle region of the Thorax Superficial on the outside Superior Closer to the head above Sural Calf posterior part of the leg Tarsal Proximal part of foot and ankle Thoracic Chest or thorax Thoracic Cavity Body cavity found within the Ventral Cavity contains the Mediastinum Pleural cavity Pericardial Cavity and Diaphragm Tibial Medial aspect of the leg Transverse Plane horizontally cut in half divides top from bottom Ulnar Medial aspect of the forearm Umbilical Navel Region of the Abdominopelvic Cavity the middle region in the middle column typically contains the transverse colon middle part part of the small intestine and the branches of the blood vessels to the lower limbs Feel issues from lactose intolerance in this region Umbilical Region Ventral At the belly side of the human body Body cavity that contains the Ventral Cavity Anterior thoracic and abdominopelvic cavity separated by the diaphragm Vertebral Spinal column Found within the Dorsal cavity formed by vertebral column bones Vertebral Canal
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