Week 2 Lecture Notes - Lifespan Development
Week 2 Lecture Notes - Lifespan Development PSY 09218
Popular in Lifespan Development
Popular in Psychlogy
verified elite notetaker
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jasmine Haynes on Tuesday September 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 09218 at Rowan University taught by Robert B. Haynes in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see Lifespan Development in Psychlogy at Rowan University.
Reviews for Week 2 Lecture Notes - Lifespan Development
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 09/15/15
Lifespan Development Week 2 Psychosocial Stages of Development Erik Erikson 0 One stage builds on another 0 One con ict needs to be resolved before the next one is achieved 0 Each stage has a life crisis and basic virtues Stage 1 Trust Vs Mistrust Is an infant s care reliable and adequate E g if they cry will they get fed They sense a level of support from their caregivers The balance between trust and mistrust is the ego strength hope Hope is the basis of faith Re ected in mature commitments Stage 2 Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt Toilet training Child tries to exert its ego strength will The will is unbroken determination to exercise freedom of choice and selfrestraint I can do it myself Kid not being told what to do so much Stage 3 Initiative vs Guilt Children focus on the question Why Excessive punishment leads to guilt Encouraged initiative leads to the ego strength purpose Trust Issues start to form in this stage Stage 4 Industry vs inferiority school years 611 Concentration is now learning Industriousness is a better word Business to make something well Children are now graded Learning and achievement lead to the ego strength of competence Stage 5 Ego Identity vs Role Confusion 1218 Adolescence develop an identity and answer the who am I question Changes happen socially psychologically and physically Failure here creates and identity crisis Success leads to ego strength fidelity Fidelity means that adolescents is ready to be faithful to their ideology and values Stage 6 Intimacy vs Isolation 18 24 Intimacy the ability to develop a close and meaningful relationship with another Success leads to the ego strength love Isolation The inability to form relationships Stage 7 Generativity vs Stagnation 25 64 Generativity ability to be productive and creative Parenthood to carry on future generations Failure leads to boredom and low selfworth Success leads to the ego strength care The generative adult feels that they contribute to society Stage 8 Integrity vs Despair Death not feared but accepted Despair leads to guilt and regrets over missed opportunities Success on this stage leads to the ego strength wisdom The individual conducts a life review Psychosexual Stages Freud believed that personality develops through a series of childhood stages during which the pleasureseeking energies of the self become focused on erotic areas The psychosexual energy or libido was described as the driving force behind behavior If the stages are completed successfully the result is a healthy personality If certain issues are not resolved at the appropriate stage xation can occur A fixation is a continuous focus on an earlier psychosexual stage Until the con ict is resolved the individual will remain stuck in this stage Stage 1 Oral 0 The infant s primary source of interaction occurs through the mouth so the rooting and sucking re ex is especially important Stage 2 Anal The primary focus of the libido was controlling the bladder and bowel movements 0 The major con ict at this stage is toilet training The child has to learn to control his or her bodily needs 0 Development of this control leads to sense of accomplishment and independence Stages 3 Phallic 0 The primary focus of the libido is on the genital Children also discover the differences between males and females Freud also believed that boys begin to view the fathers as rivals for the mother s affection Stage 4 Latent 0 The development of the ego and superego contribute to a period of calm 0 The stage begins around the time that children enter school and become more concerned with peer relationships hobbies and other interests 0 This period is a time of exploration in which the sexual energy is still present but it is directed into other areas Stage 5 Genital 0 The individual develops a strong sexual interest in the opposite sex John Watson 0 Learning 0 Phobias irrational fears of specific objects or situations Behaviorism 0 The experiment Little Albert By John Watson And Rosalie Rayner Albert Bandura 0 Observational learning 0 Looks at other types of learning 0 Driving a car is learned through observation 0 Theory of Albert Bandura Social Learning Theory 0 We learn from observing models 0 For example if you take a class someone else took and they had a bad experience then told you about it You Will now go through that class With bad assumption 0 Banduras Vicarious conditioning O Bobo doll example video