Government Posi 2310
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Andrea Forsberg on Tuesday September 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Posi 2310 at Texas State University taught by Sherri Mora in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 130 views. For similar materials see Principles of American Government in Political Science at Texas State University.
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Date Created: 09/15/15
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Marbury V Madison Judicial review 22 21 23 Exam 1 Study Guide for Topic 1 Characteristics of American Political System con ict competition community compromise and collaboration Con ict between liberty and security an inverse relationship Political ideology an individual s coherent set of values and beliefs about the purpose and scope of government Political culture peoples collective beliefs and attitudes about government and political processes Central principles of democracy Men are created equal government legitimacy is based on the consent of the governed Direct democracy v indirect democracy Aristotle vs indirect democracy Constitutional democracy term best used to describe today Number of governments in America 89000 Plato Aristotle Locke and Montesquieu Man are rational by nature and capable of reason government divided by classes ruler warrior and working class Types of government described by Aristotle rule by one good monarchy and bad tyrant rule by few good aristocracy bad oligarchy rule by many Elements of nationstates political organization and sovereignty territory permanence population Articles of Confederation state sovereignty and national government Shays Rebellion series of protests in 1786 and 1787 national government was not strong enough Key elements of the Constitutional Convention Connecticut compromise commerce compromise executive compromise and 35 compromise Articles of the US Constitution What does each provide I legislative simple majority vote in house and senate to pass legislation What are its governing bodies executive legislative judiciary 3 branches of government Amendments to the Constitution first ten called the bill of rights 10th reserved powers to the states 13th abolition of slavery 14th citizenship and 15th right to vote for black males 27 total Federalists Papers collection of 85 articles and essay promoting the ratification of the constitution written by Alexander Hamilton and john jay Types of Governments Unitary Confederal Federal Intergovernmental Relations total interaction between the levels of government McCulloch v Maryland national law supreme to state law civil war significantly in uenced statefederal relationships Evolution of Federalism Types state centered dual cooperative centralized and new 24 25 26 27 Problems With federalism obstructs action frustrates national policy and obstructs uniformity of policy cost and benefit spread unevenly Benefits of federalism decentralization protection of liberty increases participation improves efficiency Value of grants in aid to states one half of state revenue derived from national grants over 400 billion Types of grants in aid to states block grants categorical project grants formula grants AMMENDMENTS ampTHE BILL OF RIGHTS Amending the constitution Informal Methods of Change Matter of interpretation meaning is altered through interpretation and therefor requires change continuous The Living Constitution 0 Judicial Review Marbury v Madison privacy is a judicial created right federal bench is appointed and holds a lot of power All other things below depend on this 0 Congressional Legislation can alter how we do things over time 0 Presidential Actions issuing executive orders mandates controversial Custom embedded in our culture The American Political System Federalism a vertical division of power between the nation and its subnational units in which each party enforces its laws on the people neither party federal gov or the state can alter the arrangement because its embedded in our constitution The most common form is unitary the central gov national gov holds all the power Power ow from national to subnational Confederal system one in which the subnational units hold all the power owsquot ex the European union The Constitutional Basis of Federalism Division of power 0 Article 1 section 8 enumerated national powers 0 Article 1 section 9 Limits national powers habeas corpus cannot pass a bill of attainder cannot pronounce someone guilty cannot pass expost facto law can39t make laws after the fact and charge someone 0 Article 1 section 10 Limits state powers cannot erect barriers to commerce cannot coin money cannot engage in treaties with other countries 0 10th amendment reservation clause Those powers not delegated to the national gov nor prohibited to the states are reserved for the states and the people foundation of the states rights argument 0 Establishing National Supremacy 0 Article VI Supremacy clause 0 McCulloch v Maryland 1819 Alexander Hamilton chiefjustice Marshal quotThe power to tax is the power to destroyquot National law trumps state law hierarchy of laws 0 Civil War 18611865 national v state right argument military solution 0 Civil Rights Movement 18605 know Civil war amendments Abolition of slavery 13th Provides Citizenship 14th Right to vote for African American males 15th
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