100 Years War
100 Years War HST 111 - M001
Popular in Early Modern Europe, 1350-1815
HST 111 - M001
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexis Hidalgo on Wednesday September 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HST 111 - M001 at Syracuse University taught by C. Kyle in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 93 views. For similar materials see Early Modern Europe, 1350-1815 in History at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 09/16/15
100 Years War England v France When and where did it happen This war was from 13371453 and it wasn t continual warefare nor was it even 100 years long It took place on French soil How was the rule Court advisors o quotThe King and his courtquot The king was not God couldn t do whatever he wanted because they did not have absolute power Had almost no power especially in times of crisis Work with subjects landowners church and merchants 0 keep them happy and you will have a happy king and kingdom o Landowners and church are the econ mic powerhouses V How to achieve political stability affective government and peace What is hereditary monarchy When the king dies his oldest son will take the throne There are pros and cons to this form of monarchy You know exactly who is next rule Not always a suitable ruler Could be a child with no experience 0 Mental issues King of England Edward II 1307 1327 Weak gullible incompetent Heavily taxed population Lost wars which in turn lost people and advisor support 0 He lost to Scottland and his wife Queen Isabella led the rebellion against him with her lover Roger Mortimer When he dies his son Edward Ill becomes king at 14 years old King Edward III was the king beginning in 1326 but it was really his mother and Mortimer that controlled the kingdowm until Edward s 18th birthday in 1330 King Edward then stops the corrupt and vicious reign and executes his stepdad and sends his mother into con nement Unlike his father he was politically clever and brilliant at warefare Scalic Law This was a law that stated that no females could be in the succession to be king Therefore sbea never would be queen This law was French but didn t apply to France This was a way to just get thier own French King but Edward II caught on and this ultimately led to the 100 Year War 1429 England had much of France but how did things turn out Because of the winters and the plague the sides agreed to truces and cesations So many people were dying ahd they needed recoup time V Late springearly fall they would ght and then they would basically say quotsee you next yearquot A ClassBased War The 100 Year War was based on class and was all about simultaneous brutality and chivalry If a person has no money they literally have no value nad were just killed 0 Peasants If a peron had money they were of wealth and there was no killing but capture to eventually ransom them back 0 Nobles Kings etc 0 Example Battle of Poitiers in 1336 The French King John was captured by the Nelgish and was ransomed back for today s value of about 300 million dollars Because they were worth money they were treated nicely as prisoners Prisoners ate at the dinner table with their capturers They wanted to get the most possible money back when they ransomed back these men 0 This didn t occur if the status of the two men were different The Kings foughtl Literally the Kings at this time would ght on the ware eld They were the ones personally leading their country Battle of Agincourt in 1415 This was a battle in France but the English not only won but many nobility were captured and killed The English King was Henry V and he married the French King s daughter and became the new French king How did they ght The English killed the horses rst and the French would fall off Because of the very heavy armor it was impossible to get up alone and they would either drown in the mud rivers etc or be killed by the English Joan of Arc 17 year old peasant girl who dresses like a boy and literally asks king if she can lead the army He says yes and ultimately leads the French into victory against the English She led the battle of Orleans and 10 days later Daughin unimprisoned the English and declared himself the King of France As forJoan she was captured turned over to the English where she was executed as a hereic She dressed like a man which was against God and claimed she talked to spirirts Who won The French won under King Charles and with the English army s exhaustion Impacts of Warefare 1 Looting of Mercenaries a When not in battle they sold themselves to private armies They had no skills so this simply led to an increase in violence in Europe b They literally traveled throughout the countryside and looting houses 2 Increased Taxation a There was a massive increase in rebellion and peasant revolts i 1358 Jacquerie direct French revolution No alternative social system just murders in the streets Quickly defeated byt he nobles ii 1381 Peasants Rebllion Had demands but in the end was simply broken promises and untangible achievements Although there were not many lasting results nor successes these rebelions showed for the rst time that the lower classes were beginning to question social order Peasants Began to Think As result of less vigilation peasants realized that they had importance in society They realized their self worth and rebelled Everyone is equal and this began to undermine the church and monarchy and their respective authorities The peasants realized that all they did was give and all the rich did was take This in turn leads to a change or rebirth in the way of thinking and the importance on religion is lessened within the years This time frame is knows as the Renaissance or the rebirth of classical learning Therefore evidence is classical not biblical