Intro & Chapter 1
Intro & Chapter 1 PSY 320
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eden Hutzel on Wednesday September 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 320 at Michigan State University taught by f. leong in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 209 views. For similar materials see Health Psychology in Psychlogy at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/16/15
PSY320 Health Psychology Intro amp Chapter 1 What is The field of psychology that deals with the understanding of psychological influences on the mind and body 0 Helps to answer questions Why do certain people get sick and others don t How can one stay physically healthy by managing psychological factors amp vice versa Health vs Wellness Complete state of physical mental amp social wellbeing 9 At the core of health psychologists perception of health Optimum state of health Focus of Health Psychologists Prevention promotion amp maintenance of health illness Determining the or the causes amp origins of health illness Improvement of Health Care system taking Psychological factors into consideration History amp Theories of Prehistory 9 Evil spirits in body causes illnesses 9 Imbalance of fluids humors causes illness 0 Personalities determined by prominent color I Blood Passionate Temperment I Black Bile Sadness I Yellow Bile Angry Disposition I Phlegm LaidBack Middle Ages 9 Illness God s punishment Renaissance Current 9 Technical bases organic amp cellular pathology of illness Disadvantages Weaknesses Overemphasizes illness and belittles health 0 Reduces illnesses to low level processes disordered cells chemical imbalances Doesn t explain why some people are more susceptible to illness or difference in course the illness takes Ex If 6 people are exposed to the flu why do only 3 develop it Field of psychology that believes diseases and illnesses to be caused by psychological origins such as emotional conflicts 0 Ex Ulcers Hypertension amp Asthma o Perpetuated by Alexander amp Dunbar o Sigmund Frued unconscious conflicts produced physical disturbance I Ex Hysteric Blindness after a traumatic accident or paralyzed hand after striking one s child Health amp ness are consequences of Biological Psychological and Social factors complexly interacting 0 Advantages I Maintains micro amp macro level processes that affect and interact I Emphasizes both health amp illness 0 Positive Clinical Implications I Patient s use of services I Efficacy of treatment I Rapidity of which illness is resolved Case Study 9 Sudden nocturnal deaths of male refuges in Southeast Asia after the Vietnam war autopsies revealed no specific physical causations 0 Factors included Genetic predisposition cultural differences language barriers difficulty finding jobs I Triggers Family arguments violent television shows scary dreams SHOWS BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL INTERACTIONS Types of nesses Infectious diseases pneumonia tuberculosis the flue Slowly developing diseases can t typically be treated just managed heart disease cancer respiratory diseases Key Definitions of Experimental Design amp Studies Set of analytic statements that explain a set of phenomena provide guidelines for research and generate predictions that can be tested Two or more conditions for groups randomly assigned independent variable or control reactions or dependent variables are measured 0 Evaluate treatments or interventions effectiveness over time I Medical interventions must go through many thorough tests and evaluations before they are solid standards of care Measures the connection between 2 variables 0 Does NOTshow causation but is easier to conduct and more flexible than an experiment Looks forward in time at how a group of people change to see the relationship between 2 variables Looks backward in time to reconstruct the conditions that led to the current situation Ex Looking back at development of AIDS 0 The same subjects people are studied at multiple points of time in their lives Study of the frequency distribution and cases of diseases in a population 0 Morbidity of cases of a disease that exist at a specific point in time Prevalence 0 Mortality of deaths due to a disease or particular case Methodological Tools I Neurosicence o shows glimpse into the brain 0 Improved knowledge of autonomic neuroendocrine amp immune system I Wireless Mobile 0 Momentary ecological interventions o Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring devices 0 Looks at the results of many different studies combining them in order to see how strong evidence is for certain research findings
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