The Iliad Notes, Books 5-8 (Classics 320)
The Iliad Notes, Books 5-8 (Classics 320) Classics 320
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah James on Wednesday September 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Classics 320 at University of Wisconsin - Madison taught by Laura McClure in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see The Greeks in Classical Studies at University of Wisconsin - Madison.
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Date Created: 09/16/15
The Iliad Books 58 Book Five 0 As the battle rages Pandarus wounds the Achaean hero Diomedes O Diomedes prays to Athena for revenge who gives him strength and the power to discern gods on the battlefield 39 She warns him not to challenge any of them except Aphrodite 0 When Aeneas s mother a man wounded by Diomedes Aphrodite comes to his aid Diomedes cuts her wrist and sends her back to Mount Olympus 0 Zeus warns Aphrodite not to try her hand at warfare again 0 When Apollo goes to tend to Aeneas in Aphrodite s stead Diomedes attacks him as well 0 This breaks Diomedes agreement with Athena who limited him to challenge Aphrodite 0 Apollo warns Diomedes pushes him aside and takes Aeneas off of the field I He leaves a replica of Aeneas s body on the ground to stir the Achaeans 0 He also convinces Ares to fight on the Trojan side 0 With the help of the gods the Trojans begin to win the battle 0 The Trojan Sarpedon kills the Achaean Tlepolemus O Odysseus responds by killing many of Trojans but Hector cuts down still more Greeks 0 Hera and Athena appeal to Zeus who gives them permission to intervene for the Achaeans 0 Hera rallies the Achaean troops while Athena encourages Diomedes l She cancels the pact to not attack the gods and goes with him to challenge Ares 0 They charges Ares in a chariot and Diomedes wounds Ares 0 Ares immediately ies to Mount Olympus and complains to Zeus l Zeus counters that Ares deserved it and Athena and Hera also leave the battle Book Six 0 With the gods absent the Achaean forces overwhelm the Trojans who retreat O Menelaus considers accepting a ransom in return for the life of Adrestus but Agamemnon persuades him to kill the man 0 Nestor senses the Trojans weakening and urges the Achaeans not to bother stripping their fallen enemies of their weapons but to focus instead on killing as many as possible while they still have the upper hand 0 The Trojans anticipate downfall and the soothsayer Helenus urges Hector to return to Troy to ask his mother Queen Hecuba along with her noblewomen to pray for mercy at the temple of Athena 0 He then visits his brother Paris who claims he is too grief stricken to fight I Hector and Helen heap scorn on him for not fighting and at last he arms himself and returns to battle 0 Hector visits his wife Andromache who is nursing their son AstyanaX by the walls O Andromache begs Hector not to go back but he insists that he cannot escape his fate whatever it may be I Hector then departs Andromache convinced that he will die begins to mourn his death I Hector meets Paris on his way out of the city and the brothers prepare to rejoin the battle Book Seven 0 The battle escalates but Apollo and Athena soon decide to end the battle for the day 0 They plan a duel Hector offers himself in the duel I Only Menelaus steps forward but Agamemnon talks him out of it knowing he is no match for Hector 0 Nestor speaks to his comrades inspiring them to respond to the challenge 0 Nine Achaeans finally step forward A lottery is held and Great Ajax wins The two fight unable to kill each other 0 Finally heralds sent by Zeus call off the fight on account of nightfall I The two heroes exchange gifts and end their duel with a pact of friendship I That night Nestor gives a speech urging the Achaeans to ask for a day to bury their dead 0 King Priam makes a similar proposal regarding the Trojan dead I In addition his advisor Antenor asks Paris to give up Helen and end the war 0 Paris refuses but offers to return all of the loot that he took from Sparta 0 When the Trojans present this offer to the Achaeans the next day the Achaeans sense the Trojans desperation and reject the compromise 0 Both sides agree however to observe a day of respite to bury their respective dead Book 8 0 After prohibiting the other gods from interfering with of the war Zeus travels to Mount Ida 0 He weighs the fates of Troy and Achaea in his scale and the Achaean side sinks With lightning Zeus turns the tide of battle in the Trojans favor and the Greeks retreat O Hector seeks out Nestor who stands stranded in the middle of the battlefield I Diomedes scoops Nestor into his chariot just in time and Hector pursues the two of them intent on driving them all the way to the Greek fortifications where he plans to set fire to their ships 0 Hera seeing the Achaean army collapsing inspires Agamemnon to rouse his troops 0 He stirs up their pride and prays for relief from Zeus who finally sends a sign an eagle carrying a fawn in its talons O The divine symbol inspires the Achaeans to fight back As the Achaeans struggle to regain their power the archer Teucer fells many Trojans 0 But Hector finally wounds him reversing the tide of battle yet again Hector drives the Greeks behind their fortifications all the way to their ships 0 Athena and Hera wanting the Greeks to win prepare to enter the battle I Zeus sends the goddess Iris to warn them of the consequences of interfering 0 Knowing that they cannot beat Zeus Athena and Hera return to Mount Olympus I When Zeus returns he tells them that the next morning will provide their last chance to save the Achaeans 0 He notes that only Achilles can prevent the Greeks destruction 0 That night the Trojans confident in their dominance camp outside their city s walls 0 Hector orders his men to light campfires so that the Greeks cannot escape unobserved 0 Nightfall has saved the Greeks for now but Hector plans to finish them off the next day
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