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Social Cognition

by: Payton Hagerdorn

Social Cognition psych 31532

Payton Hagerdorn
GPA 3.85
Social Psychology
Elizabeth Baker (P)

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About this Document

Discusses different types of thinking (automatic vs. controlled) and has helpful links as well
Social Psychology
Elizabeth Baker (P)
Class Notes
social psychology
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Payton Hagerdorn on Wednesday September 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to psych 31532 at Kent State University taught by Elizabeth Baker (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at Kent State University.


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Date Created: 09/16/15
Social Psych Social Cognition Types of thinking 0 Controlled thinking l effortful and deliberate 0 Automatic thinking l unintentional involuntary and effortless Examples of controlled thinking Where to get lunch Test taking If you want to go to the gym Big life decisions Hitting the snooze Examples of automatic thinking 0 Fight or ight o Instantly know when you like something like art 0 Driving 0 Steps of a familiar process Addictions gambling Schemas mental structures people use to organize their knowledge about the social world around themes or subjects and that in uence the information people notice think about and remember Example how you act around friends vs family sitting on a chair in class as opposed to on a desk elevator etiquette grew up in a small town vs a big city and whether or not you lock your car or don t Used both for situations and judging people Do this based on past experiments how we judged the professor on the rst day Broad concept of how we might follow social norms a tool httpswwwyoutubecomwatchv66jLTN7Ej7s What schemas do we use Depends on accessibility o The extent to which schemas and concepts are at the forefront of your mind Affected by 0 A past experience 0 Being related to a goal 0 A recent experience Accessibility past experience Refers to complete upbringing over a span of a longtime not something that just occurred Broscience guy think about brother who lifts and doesn t stop talking about his protein swipe left Accessibility related to a goal 0 Obviously related to achieving some sort of goal Briscience guy you want to get in shape think he could help youswipe right Accessibility a recent experience 0 Something that just happened past weekday Broscience guy read on Buzzfeed the bene ts of dating a male athleteswipe right httpswwwyoutubecomwatchvkmcUq56yyg Priming the process by which recent experiences increase the accessibility of a schema trait or concept How do we make certain schemas quotcome truequot Selfful lling prophecy the wherein people have an expectation about how another person is like which in uences how they act towards that person which causes that person to behave consistently with people s original expectations making the expectations come true Unconscious and unintentional By becoming aware of it we could change people s behavior Example 0 Working in retail you see a person who you think will be difficult so you re rude to them they re rude back Waiter assumes the person at their table isn t a tipper so they ll be rude and a bad waiter So then the person doesn t tip How might you use this to your advantage 0 Can change someone s behavior over time for the better 0 If you re nice and a great server to the people you don t think will tip well they might actually tip really well Types of automatic thinking 0 Automatic goal pursuit o The decisions we make are in uenced by the goals we havewe might not even be aware of it 0 Has to do with what we ve recently been exposed to priming again Example you listen to a sermon or other type of talk about giving You then go to the grocery store and it asks if you want to give a donation You re more likely to give a donation after hearing a sermon or other type of talk about it Example You re thirsty and see a commercial for diet coke and then you want a diet coke Automatic decision making 0 Lets say you have a really complicated decision to make 0 You can Use controlled thinking Rely on automatic thinking 0 Which would be best l Controlled thinking fun fact when we have really complex decisions use a combination of the two types of thinking Make a pro and con list and then do something completely unrelated When you come back to you us your gut You re brain has been working it out subconsciously and then it ll be an easier decision Metaphors about the body and mind 0 Sensory experiences such as smells the weight of a survey and holding a cup of hot coffee can affect our thoughts and behaviors outside of our awareness Example You re giving out a survey on campus Condition A is given the survey on a imsy clipboard condition B is given the survey on a sturdy heavy keyboard Condition B is more likely to take the survey seriously when something is heavier in their hand l literally gave more weight to things Example hand someone a cold drink as what they thought about you less likely to think you re a quotwarm personquot But if you give someone a warm drink to hold they re more likely to think you re a quotwarmquot person O o O O O O 0 0 O O O O Because of commonly help metaphors eg cleanliness is associated with goodness warmth is associated with being sociable and friendly httpswwwyoutubecomwatchviewaSsl380 Metaphors affect our thoughts an behaviors subconsciously Judgmental Heuristics Mental shortcuts people use to make judgments quickly and efficiently 2 examples httpswwwvoutubecomwatchvUTdDNMRe64 httpswwwyoutubecomwatchvtOOpNngeBs Types ofjudgmental heuristics Availabilitv heuristic a mental rule of thumb whereby people base a judgment on the ease with which they can bring something to mind Can be problematic especially with diagnoses doctors cam fail to diagnose something if they haven t recently seen or read about something Especially if something is rare and not on your mind very often like a cold which is very common 0 See something bad on the news your kid wont answer hisher phone you re quick to assume that the same thing happened to himher httpwwwfreduencycomvideodailyshowcolberti knowwhatyoudid57143053 really funny httpswwwyoutubecomwatchv7J9A8UEERE Representative Heuristic A mental shortcut whereby people classify something according to how similar it is to a typical case Example Example seeing someone wearing scrubs you assume they re a nurse Not always accurate Trick to knowing the difference Does it answer How similar is A to B o If soit s the representative heuristic How easily does it come to mind o If soit s the availability heuristic REVIEW Representative Availability Representative Representative Controlled thinking thinking is conscious intentional voluntary and effortful oDrawbacks of controlled thinking oCounterfactua thinking Mentay changing some aspect of the past as a way of imagining what might have been Exampe Thinking about how close you were to getting an A on a test next time may try harder to get that A but its bad if it results in rumination Especially if it s something you can do better next time Can be something more serious as well Women more likely to suffer from depression due to rumination httpwwwovmpicordvideosthevictorv ceremonvfor biordenhaadandkowalczvk How we can improve controlled thinking 0 The problem we have too much con dence in the accuracy of ourjudgments l overcon dence barrier Example girlfriend is mad because her boyfriend forgot her birthday She assumes he s a jerk but most likely the one mistake doesn t make him a jerk Sochaenge your reasoning Consider someone else s point of view think of times when he was a good boyfriend


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