Chapter 9 PT 1, Europe
Chapter 9 PT 1, Europe GEOG 1010-002
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Justice Notetaker on Monday March 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 1010-002 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Carmen Brysch in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in Geography at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 03/07/16
Chapter 9 PT 1 Friday, March 25, 2016 10:50 AM Europe: Physical Geography What you already know: Europe is a continent It is a peninsula of the Eurasian landmass It is surrounded by the Mediterranean in the South, the Atlantic Ocean in the West, and the North Sea AND the Artic Sea in the North Mountains in the Region Within Europe, each mountain range runs parallel to major plate boundaries. Examples (East to West): Europe-Baetic Mountains (Spain) Pyrenees (Between Spain and France) Alps (Leads from France to Austria) Examples (North to South): Kjolen (Norway) Apennines (Italy) Dinaric Range (Lies within the Balkan Mountains) Europe's Climate Change There are four standard climate zones for Europe. Coastal zones will typically be warmer than the inland of Europe. This is caused by the ocean current carrying a steady stream of warm air from the Pacific. Highland Climates (mainly in mountainous regions) Mediterranean Climate (located in the South) Marine West Coast (West Coast) Humid Continental ( Eastern regions) So Why is Europe a Country? Ancient Greek and Roman maps had divided the Earth into three continents (Europe, Africa and Asia). Europe was typically in the center. During the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church took control of the sciences, math and cartography. Religion perpetuated the division of Europe and Asian into two continents. However, due to European exploration, they discovered that the two continents are in fact, not separate. Still, the idea of separation persisted. As a Formal Region: Language Roots: mainly Indo-European Religion: largely Christian Race: Caucasian Formal- sharing common cultural or physical characteristics As a Functional Region: Composes the European Union Free Trade economic system Consists of 28 states Functional-purpose European Union- not a government, an association of states or an international organization, but a group where the 28 member states have relinquished part of their sovereignty to EU institutions, many of the decisions being made between them are made on the "European level" As a Perceptual Region: Shared history of colonialism, WWI and WWII, taking sides during the Cold War, the European Union, advancing and human rights globally Shares feelings of "us" and "them" People inside and outside of Europe tend to see it as its own region Perceptual- how we tend to view a certain place or thing Issue: Most maps don't take any population, cultural, racial or ethnic changes into account because of the rise in secularism and migration. Why Turkey is Not Apart of Europe: The differences in ethnicity and religion have been the defining factors as to why Turkey is not apart of the European Union (EU). One factor complicating its acceptance for membership (submitted in 1987) would be that it has been a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) since 1952. NATO- a formal alliance between the territories of North America and Europe whose main purpose was to defend each other from the possibility of communist Soviet Union taking control of their nation. The Problem: Turkey is being kept out of the EU for ethnic and religious reasons. Although they are predominantly Muslim and Arab, Turkey remains determined to become a member of the EU. Who Else Isn't Apart of Europe?: Finland Finland is not considered part of the region known as Scandinavia because it's native language is not a member of the Northern Germanic language group.
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