Week 1-2 Lecture Notes
Week 1-2 Lecture Notes 4131W
U of M
Popular in History of Graphic Design
Popular in Graphic Design
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abbi Stark on Wednesday September 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 4131W at University of Minnesota taught by Barbara Martinson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 84 views. For similar materials see History of Graphic Design in Graphic Design at University of Minnesota.
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Date Created: 09/16/15
BIG IDEA JAM NOTES Cretan Pictographs 2800 BCE 1700 BCE Pictographs Phaistos Disk alphabetic pictographic forms typelike stamps connection to modern alphabet Hebrew arabic Languages Hebrew Oldest 1000 BC Arabic 500 BC 2 forms Naschi Kufic Tech of Hebrew Language Alefbet right to left no vowels pronunciation aids letters have number values 22 characters drawn with wide edge pen horizontally 30 40 degree angle Latin Hebrew Arabic some typefaces have abandoned this Arabic Alphabet 28 characters current in the Middle East Egypt 500 BC cursive no upperlowercase dots Chinese Letters logograms graphic signs evolved from pictograms 40000 Chinese characters symbols modern English logogram icons emoticons etc 5060s shift from images to words 70s love peace pictures Invention of Paper China bamboo silk suspend fiber in water add wire frame sheeets of paper long scrolls pencils ash animal fat more modern starches thinner paper hammermill conqueror current paper brands quality weight gsm s nowgelatin artisan papers Classical Literacy 700 BCE 4OOCE LECTURE NOTES Classical Writing Systems Greek Etruscan Roman writing spread by traders the Phoenicians centralsouthern Europe first Olympic Games Homer composes Odyssey First public library in Athens Plato Alexander the Great Conquers Egypt demotic script used for Greek language Literacy increased common cultural understanding more informal communication papyrus parchment wax commemorations tributes discourse writing becomes system of its own formal properties different than speaking new means of administering power law of Hammurabi Phaistos Disk Crete 241 signs pictographic alphabet similar to moveable type 2 sided discovered in 1908 Phoenician 22 characters deciphering in question Phoenician gt Greek gt Latin Early form of Greek Linear B syllabary syllables grouped together 100 characters Mycenaean 14th century BCE Greece writing democracy requirement for citizenshiprights limestone stela Queen Cleopatra Egypt 51 AD Wax tablet erasable Greek wooden tablet Uncial Egyptian Ostraca Greek shards with messages Decree 426 BCE money Athens layout stoichedon verticallyhorizontally aligned vowels added to alphabet Timotheus The Persians 4th century BC manuscript papyrus baseline greek geometric simple rhythm gesture every line in opposite direction like plowing a field adopted left to right to allow for ink to dry Orbis Terrarum Greek 600 BCE disk floating in sea spherical Aristotle Romans continued Greek representation Map makers put East on top sun rising Etruscan Alphabet from Western Greek 6th century BCE lnkwell with Etruscan Abecedary 7th Century BC cheat sheet base of ink pot gestural ductal gesture of hand pen hold in certain way Rome Greek Etruscan influence power command civic life scribes pro class of workers Roman couple holding writing materials 79 AD iron stylus wax tablets papyrus writing more common Roman Rustic Letterforms 79 CE Advertising Elections letters brushed on walls Trajan Column 114 CE Rome gt Greek 21 letters 2 added J U W Roman inscriptions monumental capitals thickthin organic letter spacing negative shapes walls resusable poster panels trademarks Detail brush lettered constructed serifs Trajan s victories form and scale and power Early Writing in China inventionproduction of paper slurry paint fibers drying Pi Cheng moveable type 1045 Chinese playing cards numerical suits royalty educa onal strategic diamond sutra oldest printed book central text of Indian Buddhism sanskrit Chinese 400 AD block printed in China philosophymorality high degree of skillexperience Pen Ts ao herbal med book strict sense of visual order Early Writing in Americas centralsouth pictoral talking knots Quipu numbers counting with ropes Mesoamerican Numeric calendar Zapotec glyphic script Oaxaca 400 BC 600 AD calendars undeciphered Mayan glyphs complex hundreds of signs syllagrams carvedpainted Practice Test What writing tools would be most typically used with the following writing systems petroglyph stone cuneiform wedge papyrus ink brush reed phaistos disk moveable typerelief processraised letterforms Ancient writing foreshadows current tech Describe similarities wax stylus tablet eraseable chalk board Place chronologically Hieroglyph Greek Latin Draw Trajan Column section of interest to typographers Essay Option 1 Discuss specific objectway of writing affect future forms Option 2 What most interesting aspect of ancient writing and why Historiography analysis of how historians have interpreted events topics objects people primarily uses secondary sources describes how different authors treat the same material and how it comparescontrasts those writings based on content approach and presentation intro body conclusion
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