GVPT170 Voting (Cont.)& Campaigns 24TH OF FEB
GVPT170 Voting (Cont.)& Campaigns 24TH OF FEB gvpt170
Popular in American Government
Popular in Political Science
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ellie on Monday March 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to gvpt170 at University of Maryland taught by Dr. Kris Miler in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see American Government in Political Science at University of Maryland.
Reviews for GVPT170 Voting (Cont.)& Campaigns 24TH OF FEB
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 03/07/16
Who Votes? SES (Socio-economic Status)/ Class/ Income-Education -Occupation triangle : The higher SES you obtain, more likely that you’re gonna vote Race: White citizens tend to vote more Age: Older citizens tend to vote more Education: The higher your education level (the last diploma you earn ), more likely you’re gonna vote Partisanship: The stronger you feel the connection to your party, more likely you’re gonna vote Why do we care who turns out to vote? 1) Democratic process 2) Policies (elected officials read through their voter demographics and act accordingly) The Choice of WHO TO VOTE FOR: Factors that help determine who you vote for: 1) Party identification (and the strength of partisanship) 2) Candidates (Incumbency, personal characteristics) 3) Issues How short-cuts are used in deciding how to vote: 1) Retrospective evaluations (of issues, overall performance, character) 2) For (or against) party in power 3) Streo-types & images The Basics of Campaigns and Elections 1) Candidates - Incumbent( The current position holders- in these cases the incumbent tends to win the race) - Challenger (When there is an open seat race elections are more competitive) 2) Stages in election process - Primary election (open primaries or close primaries) - General election 3) Plurality rule (Some states have majority voting with run-off elections) EXAMPLE: You can win with only 37% The Permanent Campaign Describes the fact that in modern politics, elected politicians are always working to increase the chance of their reelection. THERE IS NO “DOWN TIME”FROM THE CAMPAIGN THROUGH OUT THE TIME THAT YOU HOLD THE OFFICE. 2 Key Things Politicians Are Always Working On: Keeping constituents happy They will vote for you again because they are satisfied Raising money Fund raise for the big campaign ahead !!! Balance is important, recently in American Politics, it’s been argued that offices focus on campaigns more than administrative duties. Impact Of Political Context on Campaigns 1) Is there an incumbent running for the position? -If there is no incumbent in the race IT’S CALLED AN OPEN SEAT RACE!! People decide whether they like the current party/ the official or not First term vs Second term 2) Which party is currently in power? - How popular is that party is an important aspect when you answer this question. - The governing powers might be separated or might be held by the same party. Today we have separate powers ( President Obama is a democrat but the house and the senate is controlled by the republican majority) 3) Current trends on economy/policy/ politics EXAMPLE : If there is a significant economic regression the public will blame the current officials/ government Campaign Strategies 1) Party centered 2) Issue orientated EXAMPLE: In coastal Florida you would want to campaign about housing taxes, Medicare and Retirement policies because of the demographics of the voters- they are old and they care about these three issues. You focus on these on the campaign when you ask for support 3) Image orientated (You kinda separate the candidate from his or her party and the issues. You campaign for the candidate, you advertise the person. You focus on the facts like how trust worthy that politican is etc. EXAMPLE: Trump is running mostly an Image Orientated campaign Goals of Campaigns Name recognition (when you google your name if it shows up “Is Ben Carson running..?” NOT A GOOD SIGN). Trump is well known Mobilization or “get-out-the-vote” (GOTV) Issue positions EXAMPLE: Campaign platforms Interactions with the opposing candidates (Your attitude on debates are important, statements about others are important) Advertising& Media (HOW MUCH AD IS RIGHT?? WHEN IS IT RIGHT??? POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE???)