Popular in Interpersonal Communications
Popular in Communication
This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Smith on Wednesday September 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to COM 214 at Pace University taught by Aditi Paul in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 63 views. For similar materials see Interpersonal Communications in Communication at Pace University.
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Date Created: 09/16/15
Class Notes September 9 2015 Interpersonal Communication Relationships Previous PowerPointclass continuation Ability to process and use linguistic devices effectively Ex how clearly your speaking are you stuttering are you coming off as confident Ability to process and use nonverbal codes effectively Ex how you dress gestures body language Ability to process and understand messages sent Ex remembering peoples names CULTURAL CONTEXT PROCESS COMPETENCE KNOWLEDGE ABOUT COMMUNICATION Interpretive Competence u nocess or mcavnm Role Competence 5 quot Competence Goal Competence A PROCESS OF IA quotOCESS OF ADAM ssu39lmNTA ou IA PROCESSOF PLANNING RE LATIO NAL CO NTEXT 1X31N03 TV Nouvnus Message Competence A access or coomc mo oscoomc C Verbal Nonverbel Listening W Competence I Competence v PERFORMATIVE COMPETENCE ABILITY To ENACT COMMUNICATION HISTORICAL CONTEXT CHANGE OVER TIME a International business meetings a 911 talk to an American speaking insensitively about 911 to a groupmember affected a Breaking up over text etc small talk with crtain people different communication to boss coworker friend etc a Formality Chapter 2 Building Interpersonal Relationships Two approaches to defining Interpersonal Communication Situational amp Developmental External characteristics define whether interaction is interpersonal Ex definition matters on context and medium through which information is communicated Characteristics how many people proximity of interactants how physically close people communicating are to one another nature of feedback communication roles adaptation of message goals and purpose number of persons proximity of interactants nature of feedback communication roles adaptation of message goals and purpose Situational Levels FIGURE 21 Situational characteristics and levels of communication O 0 Within with yourself dyadic I External characteristics two people immediate feedback personal space Dyad communication between 2 people Consisting of several dyads 0 Formal organization of types of people Systematic processflow of communication Ex School President wants to get message to students he sends message to Dean who then sends message to Heads of Departments who then send message to to Faculty who then send it to Administrators who then get the message to us the students 0 O O O O Carried out without any mediating technology Ex Literally talking to a person right in front of you facetoface Your audience is unknown to you Highly impersonal Ex newspapersmagazine articles a generic tweet a speech even in front of physically present audience because you still don t know them you still aren t going to connect and make eye contact with every person in the room etc Dyadic communication in which two individuals sharing the roles of sender and receiver become connected through the mutual activity of creating meaning 0 Understand each other knowing each other etc those little things Contentquality of information exchanged defines whether interaction is interpersonal Ex definition matters on content what is being said and how effectively the medium sends out the message intended to be sent Levels of information available Developmental approach 0 Very general information that applies to all members of a culture 0 Identifying others by reference or group membership 0 Data based on unique personal attributes I very particular to you as a person A constellation of behaviors o What two people do when they are together I Mutual dependence between two people what you rely on each other for 0 Who you are with that person what kid of behaviors you perform when with this person A cognitive construct o What we think about our behaviors o What meaning do you attach to how you behave 0 Ex Child thinking about momdad buying himher clothes as a child it s the parent s job to take care of you as an adult it s an act of kindnessgift givingetc A mini culture 0 Develop small scale cultures shared perceptions A collection of contradictory forces 0 Dialectic approach dialogues between opposing voices o quotI see you seeing me 0 Both are aware you re in the relationship 0 Joint actions I A standardmodel you have of a given relationship type I Standardswhat you expect or require from a Girlfriendboyfriend Sisterbrother Best friend Coach Teammates Classmates Parents 0 Comparing them person you re in relationship with to that standard I Natural language label Words to describe relationship 0 friend acquaintance bfgf best friend Facebook friends etc I Criterial attributes Characteristics a relationship must have given the label 0 Trust respect comfort I Communicative indicators Behavior that display attributes 0 Trust disclose secret keeping o Norms family amp friends economy and environment crossover o Crossover frustration from work boss comes home with you and blleds into relationship at home etc 0 They control us as much as we control them o Lifeblood o Factorinfluence giving relationship strength Personal interactions Impersonal interactions Irreplaceable Substitutable Interdependence Autonomy Particular knowledge Universal knowledge Individualistic rules Normative rules Sentimental tone Practical tone Intrinsic rewards Extrinsic rewards Ex sexual pairs kinship pairs Ex work partners acquaintances marital pairs Many variations possible Relationships change over time Different skills and sensitivities are needed for different kind of relationships Relational profiles are negotiated over time a Content vs Relational Content messages 0 About the current topic Relational messages 0 About the relationship Shared vision of where the relationship is and where it is going Clear mutuallynegotiated rules that work to benefit the relationship Shared work ethic relational work Metacommunication is valued o communicating about how you communicate with that person you re communicating withwant to communicate with etc How intimate a relationship is depends on how much a person knows about youhow you are etc Layers of a person 0 Peripheral I Superficial exterior I An acquaintance would know a person by their peripheral layer I A classmate you talk to during a certain class but not outside someone you re doing a longterm group project with or someone on your sports team in your club etc 0 Intermediate I A bit more intimate I A friend I Someone you hang out with and are getting to know you go to partiesmovies together etc but don t have deep conversations yet etc 0 Core I Intimate I Your bestest friend in the whole wide world ewwa I I Someone who knows what bothers you what you like the little things inside jokes talk about everythinganything with this person extremely comfortable in their presence etc Text Book Notes Chapter 2 Interpersonal Communication in Relationships connection established when we communicate with another person perception shared by two people of an ongoing interdependent connection that results in the development of relational expectations and varies in interpersonal intimacy degree to which relational partners mutually accept and confirm each other s sense of self interpersona relationship that exists because of life circumstances family members people you work with etc interpersona relationship you choose to initiate maintain and perhaps terminate relationship in which power is divided unevenly with one partner dominating and the other submitting relationship in which both partners behave toward power in the same way either both wanting power or both avoiding it relationship in which both people vie for power and control of decision making relationship in which neither partner wants to take control or make decisions relationship in which power shifts back and forth between the partners depending on the situation degree to which you want to form or maintain an interpersonal relationship degree to which you sense a potential for developing an interpersonal relationship degree of liking or positive feelings that motivate us to maintain or escalate a relationship physical nearness to another that promotes communication and thus attraction theory claiming that people make relational decisions based on getting the greatest amount of reward with the least amount of cost Ex breaking up a long distance relationship because the transportation expenses driving time cell phone bills seem greater that what you re gaining from the relationship fun support theory that views relational development as the management of tensions that are pulling is in two directions at the same time connectednessautonomy predictabilitynovelty oppenessclosedness Ex the time you spend with your new boyfriendgirlfriend is taking away time from your other friends and you must decide how to deal with your desire to be in the romantic relationship and still maintain your friendships heory of relational development believing that increases in intimacy are connected to increases in selfdisclosure through breadth and depth of self disclosure Breadth pieces of self like hobbies beliefs fears etc Depth how personalintimate the information is to you that might be disclosed Ex casual relationship with your roommate starts out with shared bills rent housecleaning etc One night your roommate shares news that hisher parents are getting a divorce and you listen empathetically sharing thoughts and feelings sharing similar information when appropriate From then on your relationship becomes more intimate goals relating to an individuals need to avoid feeling uncomfortable nervous or embarrassed when making a request rule that states we should repay others for what they have given us influence tactic that relies on human desire for appearing consistent
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