Landscape Archaeology (6)
Landscape Archaeology (6) ANTH 4953
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Heidi Hilts on Monday March 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 4953 at University of Oklahoma taught by Asa R. Randall in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Landscape Archaeology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 03/07/16
Landscape Archaeology Week 6 notes 2/25/16 Maps and Landscape Archaeology Landscape spatial discipline Maps provide useful information and also primary vehicle for disseminating landscape data What is a map? o Representation on flat surface of a whole/part of an area What problems does a map solve o Describe spatial relationship of specific features that the map aims to represent Different kinds of maps o Physical maps Show identifying physical features o Distribution maps Show where stuff can be found o Political maps Show how area is divided (countries, states, etc.) o Movement maps Show how to get around (road maps) first maps o first known map was created in 2300 BCE Babylon on clay tablet and shows representation of world o 500 BCE Greece o Aristotle, Pythagoras o Erastothenes Science of cartography o Roman Empire and Ptolemy ACE 130 o Methods for fixing positions of geographic feature Coordinate system (lat, long) o Middle ages 400-1450 Jerusalem at center Road maps to holy places Portolan maps – for navigation o Columbus 1492 Used Ptolemy’s map o Ferdinand Magellan Circumnavigated the globe o Gerardus Mercator 1500s Cylindrical projection Modern mapmaking o France 1700s Measuring angles and distances between various points o How its changed world: Accurate maps Topographic Resource (rivers, etc.) Weather maps o Map histories Maps always have purpose Choice to display info in particular way Maps not objective Maps appearance dependent on Aesthetics and conventions of times Choice of theme and content Accuracy observations Technology for recording info on media Techniques for displaying spatial data Map projections o Important maps USGS topographic quadrangle Series of standardized maps covering entire US Title Map scale o Relationship between map distance and actual distance Compass Contour lines Magnetic
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