Section 8 Notes
Section 8 Notes CRM 3343
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Juliane Notetaker on Monday March 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRM 3343 at Mississippi State University taught by Dr. Kecia Johnson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Gender, Crime and Justice in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 03/07/16
Section 8 Notes Glossary: o Altruistic: one explanation for infanticide where the mother believes it is in the best interest of her child to be dead and that the mother is doing a good thing by killing her child o Filicide: the homicide of children older than one year of age by their parent o Infanticide: an act in which a parent kills his or her child within the first year o Neonaticide: an act of homicide of an infant during the first 24 hours after the birth of the child o Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD): may develop after a person experiences a traumatic life event. PTSD can include flashbacks, avoidance of emotional contexts, and recurrent nightmares and may inhibit normal daily functioning abilities o Pulling a train: also known as sexed in; example of gang initiation process that requires sexual assault by multiple male members o Street prostitution: an illegal form of prostitution that takes place in public places o Walking the line: gang initiation process for girls in which they are subjected to assault by their fellow gang members Key Points: o Overview: Women commit every type of criminal activity These crimes are rare, but are highly noticed when they are committed via the media The categories that are discussed in this chapter are: Drug addiction Property crimes Prostitution/sex work Female roles in gang organization Women who commit murder o Women and Drugs Women began to use drugs because of the strain of “genderole expectations” (Mallicoat, p. 285). As of 2012, females in who engage in drug use account for 25% of the population in the state prison Factors that lead to women engaging in drug use: Being exposed to drugs at an early age (can be caused by their home environment) Being victimized or traumatized as a child (drugs are used to cope with the pain) Issues involving mental health (drugs are used to selfmedicate if professional help cannot be afforded) Economic issues (collateral damage) o Property Crime Factors that lead women to commit these crimes are: Addiction o Crime is either committed while being influenced by drugs or to be able to obtain more drugs Economic Survival o Crime is used to provide for themselves and/or loved ones A woman’s ability to shoplift and steal is considered to be a skill Female shoplifters have a similar relationship with their buyers as drug dealers Gender is used to their advantage o Prostitution The forms this crime can take are: Escort services Massage parlors Work in brothels, bars, truck stops The factors that lead to committing this crime: Being abused Drug addiction Poverty Being abused can lead to the victim running away from their home and resorting to prostitution to support themselves Women who are victimized while committing this act will not likely report the crime out of fear of being arrested for prostitution and the belief that little will be done for these crimes The violence women witness and experience can lead to mental health issues such as PTSD 2/3 of prostituted women “experience symptoms of PTSD” (Mallicoat, p. 291). Drug abuse is often involved with prostituted women, they either engage in substance abuse before prostitution and use the latter for money for drugs, or use drugs to cope with the “fear, stress, and low selfesteem resulting from the selling of sex” (Mallicoat, p. 290). There is a debate about whether or not prostitution should be considered a crime There is an argument that women have a safer environment from legalized brothels and the safety mechanisms that are in place at these establishments. By legalizing brothels, the government can have the ones who engage in this trade be screened for any health or safety risks and create a safe working environment. Women can still be subjected to victim blaming even in a legalized setting. Even if it is legal, women can still be harmed o Women and Violence Girls normally became part of a gang because of a relationship with a gang member (brother/ boyfriend). Factors these girls deal with Struggling families Most of their parents are unmarried Intimate partner abuse Families were either imprisoned or in prison now Some girls join gangs to find a new family when they try to escape their biological family. They were initiated by these following methods: Walking the line Pulling a train Girls leave the gang lifestyle through the following ways: They age out Pregnancy Incarceration Decrease involvement in gang Women committing violent crime is rare, and are likely to kill a person that they know. o Mothers Who Kill Their Children There are different explanations for why women would kill their children: Altruistic reasons Mental illnesses
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