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by: Ellie


Marketplace > University of Maryland > Political Science > gvpt170 > GVPT170 POLITICAL PARTIES
GPA 3.6

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About this Document

Lecture notes on political parties from March 2nd,2016 with Dr. Miler's example's and definitions in class.
American Government
Dr. Kris Miler
Class Notes
political parties, parties, american politics
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ellie on Monday March 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to gvpt170 at University of Maryland taught by Dr. Kris Miler in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see American Government in Political Science at University of Maryland.




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Date Created: 03/07/16
What Is A Political Party? Definition: A coalition of people who seek to control the machinery of government by winning elections. Incentives for Party Building:  To build stable legislative and electoral alliance  Mobilize voters  Develop new electoral techniques  To use party labels and enforce collective responsibility What Do Parties Do?  Fill in the gaps of how politics work beyond how government is formally organized in the constitution. - Recruit candidates and nominate them - Assist with campaigns (Money, other assistance like counseling and advertising the values) - Coordinate actions of government officials - Educate& mobilize voters - Integrate new voters - Offer a set of policy choices (party platform) - Engage in agenda setting - Provide accountability (unified vs divided government) Brief History of Parties in the United States 1) Parties formed EARLY and were primarily “parties in government” 2) By early 1800s, parties were more than officials and party leaders 3) Rise of spoils system (PATRONAGE) and the “political machine” in 1840-1890sLasted until the progressive movement in the early 20 century. 4) Election of the Pres. Roosevelt in 1932 crystalized differences between parties. Because they demonstrated distinct features on the role of federal government ( The rise of New Deal coalition for Democrats –Affordable care etc.-) 5) Issue expansion in 1940s, especially regarding civil rights spurred shift in which groups identified which parties (Realignment!!!) 6) 1940s-1960s Southern whites were democrats in the first half of the 1900s!!!! But starting from the 1940s ( especially in 50s and 60s) the tide of the American politics changed dramatically Two Party System in the United States 1) What does it mean to have 2 party system? -Dominant parties themselves might change within the system –they exist and fade- throughout the history BUT IT WILL ALWAYS BE 2 PARTIES (maybe low key 3) 2) Why do we tend to have 2 partis only? - Electoral game pushes us to have 2. (Explanation below)  TWO PARTIES AND THE ELECTORAL SYSTEM 1) What kind of electoral system do we have? - SMP (SINGLE MEMBER PLURALITY) aka ONLY ONE PERSON CAN WIN!! - WTA ( WINNER TAKES IT ALL)!!  When winner takes it all the race is always among the top two candidates regardless of the number of the participants. It doesn’t matter what the 3 candidate gets. Alternative to WTA: Proportional Representation 2) What about 3 Parties? Critical question: Is a vote for a third party a “waste of vote” ? How important they are? - THEY CAN IMPACT THE CONVERSATION AND ACTUALLY CAN EFFECT THE OUTCOME Example: In 200 Green Party got 5% with Ralph Nadar, people still question that if there was no third party could Al Gore be the president not Bush –their race was tight. Party Competition and Coalitions:  Party coalitions include the groups that identify with a party. Often thought of as demographic groups (age, gender). It’s the question of what types of voters support you. THREE TYPES OF PARTIES: 1) Parties in government 2) Parties in electoral system 3) Parties in organizations


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