MU 2313 Ch 6
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marissa on Wednesday September 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 2313 at Texas State University taught by Thomas Wood in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Fine Arts in Music at Texas State University.
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Date Created: 09/16/15
MU 2313 Ch 6 Byzantium and Islam Rise of Byzantium a Roman Empire splits 395 i Roman capital Rome 1 Overrun by Visgoths Huns Ostrogoths from Europe invading Italian peninsula ii Byzantium capital Constantinople Istanbul 1 Controlled trade between Mediterranean and Black Sea 2 Embraced philosophy art politics 3 Sacked by Crusaders in 1204 a Seeds of Renaissance taken back to Italy Justinian I a Attempted to reunite East and West b Empress Theodora i Justinian s wife joint ruler ii Intervened in Nika Rebellion 1 Factions rise when Justinian is gone she holds them off until his return c Recodified Roman Law Books i Resulting in the Corpus Juris Civilis ii Simplifies laws reduces to 6 books After Justinian a saurian Emperors i Ecologa 1 Even briefer code some advancements mutilation rather than death for offenses b Iconoclastic Controversy i Controversy over the use of religious icons in worship ii Religious icons of saints Virgin Mary and God were in temples and homes iii Question arose Are they praying to the icon or to God 1 Should have no other idol before God iv Iconoclasts opposed to icons consider them false gods v conophies favor icons Islam a Founded by prophet Muhammad c 610 CE i Advocated for the poor in Mecca b Qur an i Sacred text c Elements ofJudaism and Christianity i Compassion care for the downtrodden etc ii Brotherhood of the faithful d Spread rapidly though Middle East amp North Africa i Holy struggle or jihad ii Same as what the Crusaders were doing conquering their neighbors and forcing them to practice Islamic religion iii Extended from Spain to India Byzantine Cultural Influence a Powerful and expressive figures b Rich materials gold suggest wealth i Depicted in artwork and medium for artwork c Variety in subject matter d Presence of classical themes and style e Widespread Byzantine artistic influence i Russia Europe and the Middle East VI Artwork a Emperor Justinian and his Court mosaic in the Hieratic style c 547 i Hieratic is holysacred style ii As opposed to hierarchal style 1 Placing subjects relative to their religious importance b Abraham s Hospitality and the Sacrifice of Isaac i Hospitality Abraham offering food to angels ii Sacrifice hand coming down from heaven to stop Abraham c Harbaville Triptych late 10th century i Relief sculpture ivory ii Christ in the center with Mary and John the Baptist iii Saints below iv Lesser figures on the left and right v Hierarchal style VII Architecture a Hagia Sophia Istanbul 532 537 i Originally a Christian site ii Islam took over and converted it to a mosque b Dome of the Rock c 684 i 1st major example of Islamic architecture ii Distinguished by mosaic style and dome on top
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