March 7th Lecture Notes
March 7th Lecture Notes HIST289V
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by HIST289V on Monday March 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST289V at University of Maryland - College Park taught by Dr. Howard Smead in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see What Does it Mean to be an American? in History at University of Maryland - College Park.
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Date Created: 03/07/16
3/7/16 “Irrepressible Conflict” Coined by Senator William Seward in 1858 Deep South seceded due to fears that with the victory of Abraham Lincoln their viewpoint would be overpowered South Carolina – first to secede in December of 1860 Encourages other slaveholding states to secede as well Mississippi – second to secede in January of 1861 “Our position is thoroughly identified with the institution of slavery – the greatest material interest of the world.” Georgia – third to secede in January of 1861 Cites the subject of African slavery as the main cause Texas and Virginia later secede as well Virginia did so with much debate and a sense of reluctance “The Cornerstone Speech” Given by Alexander Stevens, VP of the Confederate States Establishes that the cornerstone of this new nation is laid upon the “truth that the negro is not equal to the white man” Bottom Line: “No slavery = No Civil War” North vs. South advantages/disadvantages North 60% of the population Possessed 2/3 of the railroads Made up for 85% of the industrial output Immigrants were eager to prove themselves in some way Other nations were inclined to either support North or stay neutral South 9 Million free people Self-sufficient agriculture Cotton export had high value, especially to foreign nations Strong military tradition Were able to play a defensive war Southern Military Forces Most people who fought for the confederacy were not slave owners Motives to fight in the war North Nationalism – to save their country Liberty – After the Emancipation Proclamation Fellowship – peer pressure South Nationalism – To save their country’s right to self-government Liberty – to save their region’s way of life Fellowship – strong sense of honor Most soldiers were volunteers For the North, war was not started to end slavery, it was to save their country This main motive was changed drastically after the Emancipation Proclamation “Seeing the Elephant” What would you do in the heat of the moment; when the opponent has their guns pointed at you Emancipation Proclamation The shooting of the Civil War started because the South started their own nation This main motive was changed drastically after the Emancipation Proclamation At the time of the Emancipation Proclamation, the North needed a victory The document freed slaves in some areas of the South Acted as a forward step for the Union when it was not “winning” necessarily th Slavery was not officially abolished until the passing of the 13 Amendment Gettysburg Address November 19, 1863 “Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal” Equality of men is not established in the Constitution, but it is in the Declaration of Independence Establishes a new motive for the North Not only to preserve the nation but the nation’s creed as well If it hadn’t already, this speech shifts the primary motive for th the North’s involvement in the war to abolishing slavery 13 Amendment (1865) Frees the slaves, abolishes any future slavery Following the Civil War, the reinstatement of the South and the 13 th Amendment thrust the nation into the Reconstruction Era
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