Week 1 Notes.
Week 1 Notes. Psych 2740
Popular in Social Psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Forest Harmon on Wednesday September 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 2740 at DCH Regional Medical Center taught by Dr. Treinen, Evelyne in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at DCH Regional Medical Center.
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Date Created: 09/16/15
0 Syllabus located on canvascom O O O 0 teacher student communications outline of PP slides posted night before class assignments grades 0 Social Psychology 0 O O Midterm Oct 10th Final Nov 20th Final paper dueNov 2nd I First draft due Oct 7th 5 chits of extra credit 30 mins each for a total of 25 points of extra credit Office hours frontier hall Room 26 I 910am thursdays with the professor I 122pm mondays with TA 0 What is social Psych 0 Scientific study of how people are effected by others and how they are effected by others the power of situations draws conclusions based on scientific method ABCs I Affect I Behavior I Cognition Psychological spectrumdifferent disciplines I neurobiology clinical cognitiive developmental personality social Halo effectone positive attribute will predispose a person to be percieved as having other positive attributes even when not actually present Emotional embodiment if your body language does not match your internal emotions the fact that your body is outwardly showing some emotion will make you begin to feel that emotion internally as well Intuition is a poor method for discovering truth 0 Research methods 0 The scientific method 0 state the problem I what problem are you trying to solve or understand 0 what makes faces attractive c not a testable question 0 does facial symmetry make faces attractive I decide whether the question is an applied or a basic research question I what do I already know about the question or problem I what do I need to know about the question 0 review literature 0 formulate a testable hypothesis I What kind of educated guess or prediction can I make about what I think will happen I Experimental design o If then statement predicts an outcome o If a face is symmetrical then it ought to be rated as more attractive than an asymmetrical face I Non experimental design 0 noncausal relationship between variables 0 the more a face is symmetrical the more it is considered attractive 0 positive correlation I Define the theoretical constructs to measure the variables I Dependent variablesattractiveness ratings 0 operational response 0 observable behavior produced by a person I Independent variablessymmetry of the face 0 can be manipulated o and or can be measured I construct validity o theoretical responsedependent variable 0 theoretical stimuliindependent variable 0 design the study I non experimental o no control 0 no random assignment 0 correlations I Quasi experimental o no random assignment 0 manipulation of variables 0 uses existing groups I experimental Research controls procedures uses random assignment allows establishment of causation independent and dependent variables either between or within participants 0 betweentwo groups one rates symmetrical other rates asymmetrical o Withinall test subjects look at both symmetrical and asymmetrical Factorial designmore than one independent variable 0 Main Effecteffect of single variable ignores the effects of other variables 0 Interactioneffect of more than one variable acting together on the dependent Internal validityconfidence that independent variable caused the change in dependent variable Confounds individual effect of two variables are mixed together and cannot be separated External validitystudy findings are likely to generalize to other settings and people 0 stimulus samplinguse several different stimuli to ensure difference is between categories not between specific stimuli 0 Experimental realism is more important than mundane realism to determine external validity I experimentalevents successfully simulate the real world I Mundanesettings in lab generalize to the real world I Non experimental correlation approach 0 does not allow establishment of cause and effect 0 relationship between two variables 0 either positive negative or no correlation o computated by the correlation coefficent I Correlation more more less less eanked related connected people who sleep more remember more O I Causation 0 increase decrease 0 causes if then affects 0 Benefits enhances improve undermines 0 memory retention is enhanced by sleep I Laboratory 0 basic question o low in mundane realism 0 high level of control I Field 0 applied question 0 outside laboratory 0 less control o high experimental realism collect data I gather the information necessary to be able to make a conclusion I who will you collect data from I what participants or sites will be studied I which permissions do you need 0 lRVinstitutional review board 0 Informed consent from Participants 0 Permissions to use video recordings or Images 0 Permissions from people at research sites eg schoolhospital I what information will you collect what instruments will you use and how will you confirm validity I how will you administer data collection Participant sampling 0 Quantitative data collection 0 easily measured 0 Qualitative data collectionspecifically select people or sites that may improve understanding of phenomenon 0 may lend more insight to question 0 useable when a smaller sample size is used I Sample size 0 should be as large as is practically and statistically required 0 when population size is small sample size should be large and vice versa I consider data analysis strategy before Data collection Methods 0 Surveys Interviews Observationsvideo recordings ques onnake 0 reaction time measures Identify time needed for data informed consent 0 anonymity o permission to use materials random assignment guide participants through different steps of experiment Debriefing about purpose of the study especially if deception is involved compensation 0 test the hypothesis with dataStatistical anaysis Prepare Dataset 0 clean up your dataset and verify subject data correspondence 0 Identify Problematic subjects and outliers 0 Explore your data 0 descriptive statistics 0 check data distribution normally 0 age gender Choose the correct analysis 0 depends on experimental design 0 depends on the nature of independent and dependent variables 0 categoricalgender o continuousweight reaction time o Intervalsage19282938 o Ordinallevel of education 0 conclude and communicate results Science requires communication of results to other scientists and the general public 0 Meet with colleagues 0 Oral presentation at conferences 0 Written presentation at conference 0 Peerreviewed journals then communicate to the public The media books TV News outlets Formulate results comprehensively for the audience Content of scientific communications 0 APA writing and citation 0 Authors contact information Title and an abstract Introduction Method Results Discussion include graphic representation of your data
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