New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

History 105: Week 8 Lecture Notes

by: Christian Benson

History 105: Week 8 Lecture Notes HIST 105

Marketplace > University of Oregon > HIST 105 > History 105 Week 8 Lecture Notes
Christian Benson
GPA 2.47

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Lecture notes for week 8 (2/22-2/26)
World History II
Prof. Furtado
Class Notes
World History, europe, China, Education, silver
25 ?




Popular in World History II

Popular in Department

This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Christian Benson on Monday March 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 105 at University of Oregon taught by Prof. Furtado in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views.


Reviews for History 105: Week 8 Lecture Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/07/16
Lecture – (2/22/16)  Manila Galleons consequences: o Prices Rise in Europe o Silver values fall o Production does not o Spanish economy is hardest hit  Chinese silver: European perspective o Europe finally has abundant silver to trade with China o Luxury goods  Trade Deficits: European o European view: European dynamism vs. Chinese stagnation  Chinese view o Silver as “Grease,” need silver to grease up economy o Melting Buddhas o Japan, then spain testing of silver to make sure there was a high silver content  Gold was worth twice as much in Europe as in China o China preferred silver  Consumer demand: Bimetallic o Silver needed but copper used for smaller stuf  “Single Whip Reform”  National Market economy  Rural economic change o Classic Chinese agriculture was:  Cereal production  Human labor over animals  Vegetable over fruit  Fruit was a luxury, could use the space to grow more substantial food  State maintained granaries  Change in China: o Doubled population (New world crops) o Potatoe could grow where rice couldn’t and had more calories o Chinese were first to use peanuts and potatoes outside New World o Abandoned state granaries since they had food o Doubling cultivated land and crop diversity o Commercial vs. sustenance agriculture  Sustenance = for survival only o Regional/national vs. personal o Used to be focused on local level o Some foods now grown solely for exportation  Change from servile to contractual labor o Servile = slave, contractual = paid o Serfdom declining, serfdom is when you are a possession that comes with the land  Gender Relations o Classic China: women always wove inside and men worked on the farm o Later, men take over silk weaving because it becomes huge export economy o Same thing occurred in Europe  Happened with beer making in Europe  If some things made for exportation or sale men take it over  Urbanization: o Teahouses o Smoke Shops o Sumptuary laws  Merchants have more opportunity, can look like a noble even thought they’re not  Sumptuary law: you have to wear certain clothes according to your class o Need to be able to tell who is who for rank o Now merchants couldn’t have noble possessions (Jade, nice clothes)  Flow of wealth challenges traditional values  Leisure and status o Wealthy people are increasingly having time for leisure activities  Qingming festival: Visual ID o Big festival, challenging traditional values o Homosexuality becoming more accepted/mainstream o Brought on by time for leisure activity o Challenging existing Chinese morality o Confucians are not happy  If money only greases the wheels, what drives the engine creating unprecedented wealth?  Was Capitalism a unique mentality of early modern Europe?  What hypotheses have been advanced to explain European economic rise?  Capitalism o The corporation o Joint stock company o Stocks, bonds o Stock exchanges, high finance o Innovative attempts at creating wealth  How did it work?  Investment of productivity enhancement o Better technology o Better organizations o More resources o More discipline Lecture – (2/24/16)  China: o National market o Superior manufacturing o Higher population o Confucian values  Europe: o Capital market o Superior trading o Access to raw materials o Protestant work ethic  Theories o Europe’s protestant work ethic favored individual entrepreneurship while China’s Confucian value system worked against it th o China’s withdrawal from the sea in the 15 century led to Europe’s rise o European system more conclusive (by virtue of fragmentation and competition) actively promoting economic development  Chinese examination system o Began in Han dynasty (206 BCE – 22 CE) o Accelerates from 6 to 10 century o Abolished in 1905 o 1400 years  Original purpose of examination system was to curtail existing aristocracy  Consequence was that civilians elevated above the emperor  can’t have military in charge (warlords)  Hereditary family and wealth survive  Because of meritocracy, best and brightest rise up  The Scholar elite o Percentage of degree holders from families with no official connections o Ming dynasty (47.5 percent) o Qing dynasty (36.6 percent)  ABCs o Logographic (idea based writing) o 4-600 syllables o Squares with brushstroke  Hard to become literate in China o Would have to been memorizing over 40,000 characters  Linguistic Diversity o Universally legible Mandarin o Vernacular no transcribed  Primary education o Boys (8-15) o Some girls  Girls could get education but not do examinations  Temple, village, private, or lineage schools  Former officials and failed scholars taught at the schools  Four Books o Analects o Mencius o Great Learning o Doctrine of the Men  Five classes o Books of changes o Documents o Poetry o Rites o Spring and autumn annals  Need to memorize the four book and five classes to pass the exams  Steep in tradition  First exam: district exam, magistrate o 5 sessions – 20 days o Couldn’t leave  You would be able to finish a quote and analyze it  Compose poetry in approved style  Essay on government or history with quotes from readings from memorization  Quote one of the emperor’s 16 articles o To fail to quote exactly what the emperor said is insulting him bad  If passed the first exam, go onto Prefectural exam (capital monitored)  Quotas per district (25 percent pass) o Kind of like Affirmative Action  Qualifying exam o Three sessions o National level  imperial director of studies th  Licentiate – 9 level – “BA/BS” o Eligible for CS exams o Can start wearing scholar clothes o 1/300 made it, vs. 20 percent today o now exempt from corporal punishment and Corvee o Corvee is when gov. calls on you to do some labor  Provincial exam o Every 3 years o 10-20,000 examinees o 3 days, 2 nights o some die and go crazy o Recommend Man if pass “Masters degree”


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.