Lecture 13 - Group Processes Pt. 2
Lecture 13 - Group Processes Pt. 2 PSYC 2012
Popular in Social Psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leslie Ogu on Monday March 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2012 at George Washington University taught by Stock, M in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at George Washington University.
Reviews for Lecture 13 - Group Processes Pt. 2
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 03/07/16
Leslie Ogu PSYC 2012 03/07/2016 Group Processes Pt. 2 Making Decisions: Polarization ➢ Common Belief: A benefit of groups is that everyone hears different opinions and that this should lead to moderate decisions (compromises) ○ We already know this to be false ➢ Group Polarization: the tendency for groups to make decisions that are more extreme than the initial inclinations of its members ○ Why Does it Happen? ■ “Persuasive arguments” lead to exposure to additional arguments in favor of decision ■ “Social comparison” leads to a want to be liked; others supporting your position means you will voice your opinion more strongly ■ This is Normative v. Informational influence ○ Only works if group members all generally agree at first (risky or cautious) ○ Cultural Effects ■ e.g., U.S. tends to socialize us to be risktakers ○ Can be positive (+) or negative () ■ It becomes a negative thing if it leads to Groupthink ➢ Groupthink: a kind of thinking in which maintaining group cohesiveness and solidarity is more important than considering the facts in a realistic manner ○ Ex: The Titanic “God himself could not sink this ship.” Captain Edward Smith ○ When it Occurs ■ The group is highly cohesive ● They like each other, important to identity, valued ■ The more cohesive a group is, the more its members are likely to: ● Stay in the group ● Take part in group activities ● Try to recruit new, likeminded members ■ The group is isolated ■ There is a directive, controlling leader ■ The group is under stress ■ No standard procedures for decision making ○ Symptoms ■ Overestimation of the group ● Display an illusion of invulnerability (feeling that one can do no wrong) ● Don’t question the group’s morality (ignore actions, believe they are morally correct) ■ Selfcensorship ● Withhold opposing views for group harmony ■ Stereotyping of outgroup ● Views them in a negative light with simplistic views ■ Pressures toward uniformity ● Pressure to conform to group (Asch studies) ● This results in an illusion of unanimit (believing that all agree) ■ Mindguards ● Protect leader from contrary viewpoints ○ Prevention ■ Be impartial; don’t endorse any position to begin with (nondirective leader) ■ Seek anonymous opinions ■ Encourage critical evaluation of different viewpoints ● Play Devil’s Advocate ■ Subdivide the group and reunite to air differences ■ Welcome critiques from outside experts ■ Call a secondchance meeting to air lingering doubts Conflict v. Cooperation ➢ What happens when people having conflicting goals in a group? ○ Social Dilemma: conflict in which the most beneficial action for an individual will, if chosen by everyone, harm everyone ➢ Real life example: Building up military ○ How much do you trust other countries? ○ If you don’t trust others , you wompete ○ If others are willing to work together, you ooperate ■ This maximizes the benefit of the group ➢ Best Strategy: “Tit for tat” ○ A means of encouraging cooperation by at first acting cooperatively but then always responding the way your opponent did (cooperatively or competitively) on the previous trial
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'