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PSCH 315 Week 8 Notes

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PSCH 315 Week 8 Notes PSCH 315


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These notes cover the remainder of Ch. 10, the beginning of Ch. 11, and the guest lecture.
Psychology of Women and Gender
Karina Reyes
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by vscobee2 on Monday March 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCH 315 at University of Illinois at Chicago taught by Karina Reyes in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 113 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Women and Gender in Psychlogy at University of Illinois at Chicago.

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Date Created: 03/07/16
Week 8 Ch. 10 Biological Influences on Women’s Behavior  The Brain o Hypothalamus  The “boss” of the brain   Dictates the release of hormones   Either released cyclically(women) or steadily/acyclically(men)  Gender differences in the hypothalamus:  If it is oriented in the female direction, hormone release is cyclic  If it is oriented in the male direction, hormone release is acyclic   There may be effects on sexual/aggressive behavior – research is  inconclusive o The Callosal Issue  Corpus callosum connects the left and right brain hemispheres  Men have slightly larger corpus callosum – not really significant  Certain regions are bigger in women over 50  Effect = better recovery of language after brain damage  This may be because of estrogen  Overall, not very important sex differences o Neural Plasticity  A major theme in neuroscience – brain changes in response to experience  Functions are not inherently “hard­wired” in our brains  This has major implications for gender­brain research  Researchers concerned with how different pathways form as a result of  our life experiences  Feminist criticisms = neurosexism in claims of the “female brain”  Perpetuates the idea of gender differences  We are setting ourselves up to be different   They prefer to look at fMRI research, which refutes the theory of  differential pathways Ch. 11 Psychology and Women’s Health Issues  This topic is important because… o Women should know about their bodies o Historically, men have had control over women’s bodies o Although the US has a low rate of dying in childbirth and infant mortality, these  rates are much higher in other countries  Heart Disease o Heart disease is the leading cause of death in women o There’s variation in death rates from heart disease depending on race/ethnicity o Influenced heavily by genetics o Risk factors = blood pressure and cholesterol (due to genetics) o Estrogen protects from heart disease, but because it decreases after menopause,  women have higher risk of heart disease o Males and females show different symptoms during heart attacks  Women have more chest pain, which doctors misinterpret as anxiety  Women are more misdiagnosed o Women are more likely to be poor and to face discrimination, which leads to  increased stress and less access to medical care o There’s not enough research on women and heart disease o Women experience more Stereotype Threat (when we fear our own stereotypes,  we will perform worse/more accordingly)  Women have more stress about their stereotypes, which contributes to  higher risk for heart disease  Healthcare o Men tend to treat women more as subordinates o Historically, women are given inadequate/irresponsible/uncaring care o Medical issues for women are often mistaken for psychological problems o It’s taken a long time for researchers to be warned that women should be included in clinical trials  They are told to involve women in research concerning treatment o Underweight babies (higher infant mortality) are more often born to adolescents  and minority groups o Ethnic minorities have higher rates of chronic diseases, shorter life­expectancy,  and are more poor  Menstruation o Most eggs don’t get used – women have about 400 eggs total o The Follicular Phase occurs after menstruation and lasts about 2 weeks. The  follicle ruptures and the egg inside is released o Corpus Luteum forms from the follicle and coats the lining of the uterus to  prepare for the baby (this is the Luteal phase) o If there is no fertilization, the cycle returns to the menstrual phase o Hormones spike during the follicular phase and last through the luteal phase o The phases of the cycle are regulated by hormones that act in a negative loop with one another o The hypothalamus tells the pituitary gland to release estrogen and progesterone Guest Lecture – Chicago Women’s Health Center (CWHC)  They focus on healthcare in terms of justice (reproductive justice)  They want all people to have access to comprehensive, affordable, educational, and  sensitive healthcare  Access is more than just financial accessibility  Their 3 components are compassionate, collaborative, and comprehensive care  Service fees are on a sliding scale so that patients can always afford it  It was established in 1975  1960s: Women’s healthcare was in a very poor state and abortion was illegal  Mid­1970s: Lots of grassroots women’s health organizations o Our Bodies Our Selves was a revolutionary book by women for women to educate about the female anatomy  1969: Chicago students create the group “Jane” to help with abortion access o They created an abortion hotline and had someone perform abortions for these  women o The man who performed the abortions turned out not to be a licensed care  provider. The college volunteers felt knowledgeable enough to perform the  procedures themselves and eventually got arrested  1973: Roe v. Wade (abortion made legal through a loophole) o Jane members built the Emma Goldman Women’s Health Center which later split  into the CWHC


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