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Physical Systems of the Environment

by: Juliet Hilll IV

Physical Systems of the Environment GEOG 127

Marketplace > University of Wisconsin - Madison > Geography > GEOG 127 > Physical Systems of the Environment
Juliet Hilll IV
GPA 3.96


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Class Notes
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Juliet Hilll IV on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 127 at University of Wisconsin - Madison taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see /class/205101/geog-127-university-of-wisconsin-madison in Geography at University of Wisconsin - Madison.


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Date Created: 09/17/15
Geog 127 outline spring 2007 Geog 127 Outline I Latitudelongitude 3840 75 II EarthSun relations 37 4953 A SLm height Day length B Solstice Equinox C Insolation 6675 III Global Energy Budget A Electromagnetic radiation 6366 1 Wavelength 2 Spectrum B Sunlight 6669 1 Atmosphere 2 Surface C Energy budget 7783 101104 1 Shortwave 2 Longwave 3 Surfaceatmosphere balance D Atmospheric layers 110114 E Latitude energy imbalance 8387 224227 F Global temperature factors 114122 1 Latitude 2 Differential heating 3 Atmospheric circulation IV Pressure and Wind 169172 A Air pressure 1 Altitude 2 Latitude B Wind 172183 C Coriolis force D Surface pressure 1 Thermal 2 Dynamic a Convergence aloft b Divergence aloft V Atmospheric moisture A Hum1d1ty 136141 1 Saturation B Precipitation 144156 C Cool air 1 Advection 2 Radiation cooling 3 Mix air 4 Uplift D Adiabatic processes 141144 1 Dry rate 2 Saturated rate E Uplift 146155 I Orographic 2 Convection 3 Frontal a Cold b Warm 4 Dynamic F Stability 1 Stable 2 Unstable 3 Conditional VI Atmospheric circulation 181191 A Hadley Cell 1 ITCZ Geog 127 outline spring 2007 2 STH 3 Easterlies B Farrell Polar Cells 1 Westerlies C Seasonal shifts VII Air Masses A Source B Types VIII Midlatitude Weather205215 A Westerlies 187192 B Patterns 1 Zonal 2 Meridional a Ridge b Trough C Vorticity D Dynamic Surface Pressure 1 Convergence aloft 2 Divergence aloft E 500 mb pressure map F Surface Pressure Map G Fronts 205209 1 Cold 2 Warm IX Global Climate Regions 233248 A Wet equatorial 257264 B Subtropical desert 273277 284289 C Tropical WetDry 264273 D Marine West Coast 296299 E Mediterranean 291296 F Subtropical humid 289291 G Humid Continental 303305 H Continental Subarctic 305307 c 1c 307311 J Midlatitude desert300303 X Climate variability and change A Climate Variability 1 Time scales 2 Glacial period 3 IIilankovitch cycles 597600 a Eccentricity b Obliquity c Precession B ENSO 193199 C Climate Change 122128 227 311 l Atmospheric Window amp Greenhouse gases 2 Evidence 132133 3 Feedback loops 2528 a Positive b Negative 4 Uncertainties 5 Possible consequences 318325 635637 6 Mitigation Geog 127 outline spring 2007 XI Vegetation structure gt3 Vegetation biomes A Five factors 671684 1 Climate 2 Topography 3 Soil or edaphic 4 Biotic 5 Disturbance B Dichotomies l Woody vs nonwoody 2 Perennial vs annual 3 Needleleafvs broadleaf 4 Evergreen vs deciduous C Major systems 703706 1 Forest 2 Savanna 3 Grassland 4 shrubland 705729 A Tropical broadleaf evergreen forest 706713 713715 B Tropical broadleaf deciduous forest7l3 C Tropical savanna 723 D Desert shrubland 725 l Drought coping structuresbehaviors E Temperate deciduous broadleaf forest 716718 F Boreal forest 718720 G Tundra 725728 H Mdlatitude grassland 723725 I Mdlatitude desert shrubland 725 J Mediterranean 720723 K West coast needleleaf evergreen forest 720 Geog 127 outline spring 2007 X111 Soil A Properties 607612 lHorizonsOAEBCR 614615 2 Color 3 Texture sand silt clay 4 Structure 5 Cations B Processes 1 Additions 2 Removals 3 Transformation a Weathering b Redox 4 Translocation a Eluviation b Illuviation c Calcification C Forming factors ClORPT 615618 1 Climate 2 Organisms 3 Relief 4 Parent material 5 Time D Orders distributions properties processes 619632 1 Oxisol 2 Ultisol 3 Alfisol 4 Mollisol 5 Aridisol 6 Gelisol 7 Spodosol 8 Vertisol 9 Andisol 10 Histosol ll Entisol 12 Inceptisol XIV Rocks A Elements 329333 B Rocks 1 Igneous 333338 a Felsic b Mafic c Bowens reaction series d intrusiveextrusive 2 Sedimentary 338343 a Clastic b Chemical c Organic 3 Metamorphic 343344 4 Rock cycle 344 Geog 127 outline spring 2007 XV Tectonics A Layers 355358 B Plates 6 378 C Boundary movement 359379 404411 1 Divergent a rift zone b intercontinental seaway c midocean ri ge 2 Convergent 3 Transform XVI Earthquakes A Seismic waves 1 primary waves 2 shear waves B Faults 1 normal 2 reverse 3 transform C Classification dep 2 location 3 magnitude Richter scale XVII Volcanism 387404 1 Magma a viscosity b silica content c lava 2 Shield 3 Composite XVIII Weathering A Regolith 419420 B Chemical 421426 1 Oxidation 2 Hydrolysis 3 Acids C Physical 420421 1 Frost 2 Salt 3 Exfoliation 4 Wave D Biological XIX Mass wasting 426432 A Shear stressstrength B Falls C Slides D Flows E Creep XX Hydrology A Hydrological cycle 449451 B Precipitation C Interception D Infiltration E Groundwater 451457 F Runoff l Overland flow 2 Shallow subsurface G Base flow H Erosion 483487 1 Rain splash 2 Sheetflow 3 Rill 4 Gully XXI Fluvial processes and landforms A Discharge 457462 B River channel C Watershed 463464 D Hydrograph 464466 1 T 2 Influences E Floods 466467 F Sediment l Bedload 2 Suspended 3 Dissolved 4 Capacity G River types 489500 1 Bedrock 2 Alluvial a Braided b Meandering H Processes l Erosional 487500 a lateral b vertical c deltaalluvial fan 2 Depositional 500506 a lateral b vertical c deltaalluvial fan I Landforms XXII Glacial precesses and landforms A Description 575576 1 Accumulation 2 Ablation B Alpine 576580 C Continental 580593 D Pleistocene 593600 XXIII Evaluation Geog 127 outline spring 2007 Geog 127 outline spring 2007 XIII Biosphere cycles Energy 640648 1 Trophic levels a Primary producers Primary consumers c Secondary consumers d Decomposers 2 Production a Primary b Net primary c in uencing factors d climates B Nutrient 652658 1 Carbon 2 Nitrogen


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