Ethnic Movements in the United States
Ethnic Movements in the United States SOC 220
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Deron Effertz on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 220 at University of Wisconsin - Madison taught by Pamela Oliver in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see /class/205173/soc-220-university-of-wisconsin-madison in Sociology at University of Wisconsin - Madison.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
InterGroup Conflict amp Structures Last Day Reflections of Domination What should we do A review from an early class IStructure Constrains Action I Collective Action Can Change Structure outside the Groups of boundaries of their people acting social structure together can although they can exert enough ices force to change move wi i the a social structure structure Collective agencyquot ITwo Groups I IContact amp Conflict I IA Structure of l 39 quot One group s choices are constrained by the other group There are always border skirmishes as the subord nate group tries to break out and the dominant group tries to gain more Structures of Domination Differ Dominants may police boundaries try to keep groups separate and unequal eg slavery segregation try to erase boundaries assimilate and integrate subordinates cultural dominance try to eliminate the subordinates entirely genocide or relocation Strategies of Resistance Differ Subordinates ma y try to become dominant if possible revolution try to escape try to become part of dominant group assimilate integrate try to maintain separation under more favorable terms use persuasion legal challenges disruption or We ence Different members of the group may use different strategles How do we relate to these structures We face these questions regardless of whether we are part of the dominant group or part of a subordinate group Basic realities You are who and what you are You cannot change who you are but you CAN decide wha to o You cannot change the past You cannot change the fact that you are living in a world shaped by pas ac ions You cannot change the fact that your particular social location is shaped by the luck of your ancestry You influence the future Your choices today are consequential forthe future your own and societ s No single individual controls the future Your actions have effects but in interaction with o hers39 ac ions Karl Marx Men make their own history but they do not make it just as they please they do not make it under circumstances chosen by themselves but under circumstances directly found given and transmitted from the past The tradition of all the dead generations weighs like a nightmare on the brain of the living Karl Marx 1818 83 German political theorist social philosopher The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte sct 1 1852 repr in Selected Works vol 2 1942 Maya Angelou History despite its wrenching pain Cannot be unlived but if faced With courage need not be lived again Maya Angelou From quot0n the Pulse of Morningquot How do we deal with the past Not everyone agrees My view face the past honestly as part of shaping the future Some say instead you should just ignore what you cannot change Truth and reconciliation forgiveness atonement or compensation revenge Have to accept the realities in inherited inequality anger etc Privileged have to deal with the consequences of their privilege amp inequalityjust as much as the nonprivileged do Thinking about what you should do This involves a sociology a theory of social change AND your own moral ethical political code ur assessment of your personal strengths and social posi ion AND a willingness to take risks and face disappoin ment Other people will also be thinking about what to do You control your actions but you do not control outcomes which are also affected by other people s actions You cannot control or change everything but you can make a difference by focusing on specific things Na39l39ve lndividualist View Attitudes Actions oci prejudice Enslavemem Structures Hate Conquest Inequality Racisrn D Wham Genocide etc Sociological View oci Actions Attitudes Strum Enslavem ent Prejudice Interests Conquest Hate mummy Di crimination Racism Sociological View Over Time oci Actions Attitudes Strum Enslavement Prejudice Interests Conquest Hate 139 qu ni crimination Racism perceptions of Groups Theories of change Social change can and does happen People s actions are consequential Collective action is most consequential Change laws systems You use your action to try to get other people to change their actions Force coercion get people to do what they do not want to do by making the alternative unattractive Persuasion change people s ideas about what they want to do Frederick Douglass If there is no struggle there is no progress Those who profess to favorfreedom and yet deprecate agitation are men w o want crops without plowing up ground They want rain without thun er and lightening They want the ocean without the awful roar o its manywaters This struggle may e a mora one or it may be a physical one or it may be both moral and physical but it must be a struggle ower concedes nothing without a demand It never did and it neverwill Find out just what people will submit to u have found the exac amount of injustice and prescribed by the endurance of those whom they oppress Competing models of collective action Army model everyone on one side following the same strategy attacking a unified enemy on the other side Social movement model Each side has diverse actors with different ideas about best strategy pulling in different ways Actions are rarely unified You can actually get more social change from disunity more disruptive more points of connectionchange Interplay of sociology amp morality My beliefs not everyone shares them All people are a mixture of good amp bad Love your enemy recognize opponent s humanity But NOT do what your enemy wants or give up what you believe You influence people more if you try to understand them Most people preferjustice to injustice even against their own shortterm interests Trust that you are part of something bigger than yourself Do not be daunted by the enormity of the world s grief Dojustice now Love ercy now Walk humbly now You are not obligated to complete the work but neither are you free to abandon it Rabbi Rami Shapiro s interpretive translation of the Talmud in Wisdom of the Jewish sages This text is a commentary on Micah 68 How about you How can you work forjustice and peace given who you are and your beliefs and concerns