Sociology of the Family
Sociology of the Family SOC 640
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This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Deron Effertz on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 640 at University of Wisconsin - Madison taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 55 views. For similar materials see /class/205180/soc-640-university-of-wisconsin-madison in Sociology at University of Wisconsin - Madison.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
Slide 1 Slide 2 Slide 3 Sociology 640 Class 5 His and Her Marriage The Role of Gender Roles Trends in Manied Men s and Women s Weekly Housework Hours was W75 ms was M cm W Em M mmw my Trends in Manied Men s and Women s Time Spent with Children mm m mm a was wvx Slide 4 Slide 5 Slide 6 General Findings from Time Diaries VA lot less housework being done VConvergence in men s and women s housework esp due to decline inwomen s VChildren increase housework more for women than for men y VMarriage increases women s housework net ofwork status More General Findings from Time Diaries Increase in men s housework largely due to change in propensity to do housework VDecrease in women s housework due to both changes in women s characteristics and hanges in propensity to do housework real change Demographic Perspective Outcome of interest eg Distribution of housework may change over time even ifno change in underlying behavior Key is that population composition wre im ortan characteristics may also change eg education marriage etc etc Slide 7 Slide 8 Slide 9 Issues Why have changes in men s housework have been so much slower than changes in Women s market work What are advantages and disadvantages of specialization Where does biology t in How might policies contribute to increase men s participation in domestic work Why do Women Spend More Time Doing Domestic Work Out ut rnaxirnization viagenderrole specialization 7 R0 e ofcornparative advantage 7 Is this realistic today esp in context ofdual earner amilies Earnings erenceselfperpetuati g eisnut ppumver Balanlngquot 7 Rule ufsunallzatzun sunal nurms Unequal distribution ofpower within the family 7 39 di n Ernpineal ewdene Gender Strategies for dealing with the second shift Confrontation Indirect means Doing it all e supermommingdadding Cutting back at work Cutting back at home Outsourcing Differences by class Other characteristics Slide 10 Slide 11 Slide 12 Gender Identities 39 Traditional 39 Transitional 39 Egalitarian 39 Differences by class Other characteristics 39 Con ict between spouses 39 Con ict Within individuals Interesting findings General lack ofcoherency in gender role ideologies con ict between outvward and inward attitudes lntergenerational in uences on gender role attitudes Arrangements for second shift affect rnen just as much as women perceptions offairness o en conditioned by comparisons w reference group important idea in Sociology Where are Families Heading Increasingly egalitarian marriages Increasing rnarital stress r E as Implications for children now an Growing gap between the haves and have nets e Wurkplace enanges e class differences in genderidenlngiesbenannr Flip opping ofperceptions ofwork and home Slide 13 Family Implications of Women s Changing Economic Roles Changes in housework arrangements 7 Does not seem to be me ease reduc on in tole Changes in childcare axrangements 7 Day care extended school dualshi ing etc 7 Role ofpolicy nu r provided elder care 7 Big issue in near future Slide 1 Sociology 640 Class 8 More on Cohabitation Slide 2 How Can We Address Questions about Nature of 39 39 r 1 Ask peoplehow they view the two types of unions Very hard to interpret such info 2 Observe how people behave in the two types ofunions a Cohabitation vs marriage b Cohab vs marriage vs being single Slide 3 Sociologism attempm to evaluate the nature of cohabitation Compare relationship quality ofman39tal and cohabiting unions 7 Cunnludes tvm types of cuhabitahun 7 ans like mamage une nut d d5 un mamage intannuns Compare behaviorattitudes ofmen and women in marital and cohabiting unions 7 Chldbeann 7 Perfurman a ee ufhuusehuld ehures 7 Mate seleetmh Other Slide 4 Slide 5 Slide 6 Comparison of Relationship Quality Compare large sample ofeohabiting and married couples in terms ofrelationship quali i 4 ct higher level ofinteraetion relative to married couples Relationship Quality and Transition MaIrlage Greater satis ction with cohabiting relationship does not increase the likelihoo of 39n Lower satisfaction increases the likelihood ofsplit among women but not me Lower satisfaction decreases the likelihood of 39age amo g en Cohabitation and childbearing Compare transition to motherhood am women in marital and cohabiting unions 1fsimi1areo1iabsmarnage 1f childbearing following marriage is faster among former coh iters 39 39 fundamentally different Ifchildbearing following marriage is s1o r cohabiters cohab mnique type of amon union selectivity Slide 7 Slide 8 Slide 9 Findings 39 Transition to motherhood much slower in cohabitation 7gt different type of union rBig racial differences 39 Much faster transition soon a er marriage among former cohabiters 4 1egitimization 39 Longer cohabitation is associatedwith faster transition to motherhood among married Women Another interesting study 39 Compares attitudes and behaviors of single cohabiting and married men and Women looks at similarities and differences 39 Useful because rIncludes single people rIncludes both men and women Intention to have children within 12 years women 197a 197a swam a Cuhabmnu Mamed Slide 10 Slide 11 Slide 12 Marriage intentions singles vs cohabitors snns Cohabmng snns 19731976 cohahmns Schooling and Union Status 1973M 198mm macv wanev Other Studies 39 Compare relationship quality of marital and cohabiting unions 7 Concludes two types ofcohabitation 7 one like marriage one not depends on marriage intentions Compare behavior of men and Women in marital and cohabiting unions 7 Performance ofhousehold chores Slide 13 Slide 14 Slide 15 Housework and Union Formation Men Women charge In 4 hnurs n1 hnusewnlk lSlnme arw ECuhabl Maw Qualitative Research on Cohabitation Semistructured interviews to be in place to decide to marry Particular attention to relationship quality and nancial circurnstances Money Cohabitation amp Marriage Co mon Themes Having enough money 7 marriage strongly associated with perceptions of stability Ability to pay for a real 39 Achieving set nancialeducational goals Multiple goals a 9 Male partner able to be economic provider Lack ofmoney gt stress and relationship con ict Slide 16 Gender Money Cohabitation and Maniage w n more concemed about partner s jobeconomic circumstances Both men and women emphasize man s role as provider surprising nding Women particularly concerned about own financial situation as insu
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