New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse

by: Leo Deckow

Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse SOC WORK 453

Leo Deckow
GPA 3.76

Nick Yackovich

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Nick Yackovich
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Social Work

This 34 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leo Deckow on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC WORK 453 at University of Wisconsin - Madison taught by Nick Yackovich in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see /class/205207/soc-work-453-university-of-wisconsin-madison in Social Work at University of Wisconsin - Madison.


Reviews for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/17/15
Unit 1 Exploring the concept of Problem Usage Definition 0 What are we talking about when we say drugs in the context ofthis course Psychoactive having effects on thoughts emotions or behavior Psychoactive drugs chemical compounds that alter consciousness and affect mood Conceptualizing the Problem I Who is taking the drug I What drug are they taking I When and where is the drug being used Conceptualizing the Problem Why is the drug being used Vicodin prescribed for pain relief vs Vicodin used for pleasurable feelings How is the drug being taken Chewing coca leaves vs snorting cocaine How much of the drug is being used Two beers vs ten shots of tequila What is the source of our information and how is the information being gathered Four Principles of Psychoactive Drugs Drugs are neither good nor bad Every drug has multiple effects Both the size and the quality of a drug 5 effect depend on the amount the individual has taken The effect depends on the user 5 individual history and expectations More definitions Illicit drug drug that is unlawful to possess or use Based on source and type of acquisition For example Vicodin prescribed by your doctor is legal if you sell that drug to a friend it becomes illicit in their possession Deviant drug use is drug use that is not common within a social group and that is disapproved of by the majority causing members of the group to take corrective action when it occurs More definitions 0 Drug misuse using drugs in amounts or ways other than intended Abuse use of substance in a manner amounts or situations that cause problems or puts one at risk for problems Dependence using drugs to extent that a tolerance develops or withdrawal when drug is not being used More definitions 0 Addiction the habit or compulsive practice of using a substance situation or entity outside of oneself tangible to address an intangible problem or discomfort Drug dependence A more precise term than addiction A state in which an individual uses a drug so frequently or consistently that it would be difficult for the person to stop May be physiological andor psychological Trends in Drug Use Monitoring the Future Project Prevalence of use Perceived risk and availability Extent of Drug Use Not easy to get accurate information on Number of drug users How much is imported and sold Usage of even alcohol tobacco and prescription drugs How We Get Information Survey questionnaires Easy to use inexpensive efficient Drawbacks Bias in student population eg dropouts not counted Potential inaccuracy of selfreports among both users and non users WWW rm anew pue 15H i i i i i i i i D 3976 75 3980 3982 84 3986 88 90 92 94 3995 98 3900 02 04 3906 05 e usi g saying Availability saying once or more in great risk of harm iairiy easy or very past 30 days in regu ar use We ea Swea Figure 11 Marijuana Trends in Perceived Availahitity Perceived Risk of Regular Use and Prevalence of Use in the Past 30 Days for lathGraders2 samce The Monitoring the funny Study the Univemty a Mimgmi Marijuana Trends in perceived availability perceived risk of regular use and prevalence of use in the past 30 days for 12m graders Monitoring the Future Project 2cm McGraWrHiH Higher Educatiun AH viems reserved National Survey on Drug Use and Health Face to face computer assisted interviews 68000 individuals carefully sampled households across the United States Broken down into different age groups Results published annually Percentage Using in Past Mumh m c Ages 10 25 15 10 5 Ages 12717 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1970 1975 1900 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 Year Marijuana use among persons ages 1225 by age group 19712006 National Survey on Drug Use and Health In 2008 the percentage use for the age groups of18 25 and 1217 remained the same as they were in 2005 165 and 67 respectively 2111 mm Hm mm 510mm 0 nvmsremd Alcohol l Marijuana I Cocaine m o x w 4 Percentage Reporting Use A a a o 0 1974 1976 19781930 1982 1954 1955 1988 1990 1992 19941995 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 Year Trends in reported drug use Within the past 30 days for young adults ages 18 to 25 National Survey on Drug Use and Health 2u11 Mahame nghev Edumuan AM Hgmsresewed Positive Trends Vary based on source and type of data collection Consistent findings suggest Cigarette smoking is at its lowest point in the history of the survey on all measures among students in grades 8 10 and 12 Between 2004 and 2009 a drop in pastyear use of methamphetamine was reported for all grades and lifetime use dropped significantly among 8thgraders from 23 to 16 percent Among 10th and 12thgraders 5year declines were reported for pastyear use of amphetamines and cocaine Among 12thgraders pastyear use of cocaine decreased significantly from 44 to 34 percent From 2004 to 2009 decreases were observed in lifetime pastyear pastmonth and binge use of alcohol across the three grades surveyed In 2009 12thgraders reported declines in use across several survey measures of hallucinogens pastyear use of hallucinogens and LSD fell significantly from 59 to 47 percent and from 27 to 19 percent respectively and pastyear use of hallucinogens other than LSD decreased from 50 to 42 percent among Attitudes toward substance abuse often seen as harbingers of change in use showed many favorable changes Among 12thgraders perceived harmfulness of LSD amphetamines sedativesbarbiturates heroin and cocaine increased Across the three grades perceived availability of several drugs decreased Concerning Trends Marijuana use across the three grades has shown a consistent decline since the mid19905 The trend has stalled however with prevalence rates remaining steady over the last 5 years From 2008 to 2009 lifetime pastmonth and daily use of smokeless tobacco increased significantly among lOthgraders Pastyear nonmedical use of Vicodin and OxyContin increased during the last 5 years among lOthgraders and remained unchanged among 8th and 12thgraders Nearly 1 in 10 high school seniors reported nonmedical use of Vicodin 1 in 20 reported abuse of OxyContin When asked how prescription narcotics were obtained for nonmedical use about 52 percent of 12thgraders said they were given the drugs or bought them from a friend or relative Additionally 30 percent reported receiving a prescription for them and a negligible number of 12thgraders reported purchasing the narcotics over the Internet Correlates Correlate a variable that is statistically related to another variable such as drug use IMPORTANT Correlates are not causes Socioeconomic status does not correlate well with drug use Personality problems are poor predictors of drug use Risk Factor Correlate associated with the possibility of something happening ie drug use and abuse Protective Factor Correlate that is often a barrier against something happening Risk Factors Adolescent Marijuana use Having friends who use marijuana or other substances Engage in frequent fighting stealing or other antisocial activities Perceiving that substance use is prevalent at your school Knowing adults who use marijuana or other substances Having a positive attitude toward marijuana use Protective Factors Adolescent Marijuana use Perceiving that there are strong sanctions against substance use at school Having parents as a source of social support Being committed to school Believing that religion is important and frequently attending religious services Participating in two or more extracurricular activities Additional variables Personality characteristics less detectable in initial use stronger with abuse and dependence Impulsive and antisocial Genetics connected to risk factors and disposition to becoming dependent Antecedents related to risk factors aggressiveness conduct problems poor academic performance parentcommunity norms supportive of using Adolescent Stages of Use Beer or wine Cigarettes andor hard liquor Marijuana Other illicit drugs Progression within classes Studies identified problem drinking occurred before use of illicit drugs Subjects that started use with cigarettes progressed faster through the stages than those that started with alcohol Cigarette smoking more of an indicator for females than males and more so for Caucasian than African American Ethnic differences African American more likely to try heroine than cocaine in H S Alcohol to marijuana trajectory stronger with Caucasian Cigarette use strong precursor for marijuana for Caucasian weak for African American women and not at all for African American males Predictors of progression Age of onset Earlier onset associated with greater involvement in use of all other drugs 85 78 used marijuana after first use age 14 or younger 46 38 used marijuana after first use age 18 or older 96 84 tried other illicit drug by age 29 used marijuana before age 14 66 46 age 18 33 43 age 20 6 9 used illicit without trying marijuana Predictors of progression Extent of use of lower drug 82 60 used marijuana 1000 times by ages 2425 started to use an illicit drug within the next 4 years 18 17 used marijuana 1099 times by ages 2425 started to use an illicit drug within the next 4 years Of these those who used illicit drugs more than 9 times 12 of those who never used marijuana 38 46 of those who used marijuana 1000 SocialPsychological predictors Four areas were observed Parental influences Peer influences Adolescent involvement in various behaviors Beliefs and attitudes Findings Alcohol at an earlier age Minor delinquent activity High levels of sociability Parents who drink Marijuana use Beliefs favorable to marijuana use Beliefs opposed to many standards upheld by adults Peer usage of marijuana Minor delinquent activity Findings 0 Illicit drug use Poor relationships with parents Exposure to parents and peers who used a variety of legal and illegal drugs Psychological distress Heavy involvement with marijuana More severe delinquency Correlates of Drug Use Risk factors include Community parental and peer attitudes and behaviors Antisocialproblem behaviors Poor school performance Protective factors include Involvement in religious activities Perceived risk of drug use Correlates of Drug Use Gender Race and ethnicity Level ofeducation Personalityvariables Genetics Limitations of Correlation Studies Does smoking marijuana cause the user to get lower grades Or is it the kids who are already getting low grades who are more likely to smoke marijuana Antecedents of Drug Use Antecedent a factor that occurs before an event such as the initiation of drug use Still not labeled causes Examples of antecedents Aggressiveness Conduct problems Poor academic performance Attachment to a drugusing peer group Parental and community norms that support drug use 2w McovameHmvEuucanun All Hgmsvesewed


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.