The 1960s - Week 7 Notes
The 1960s - Week 7 Notes 49-2660-01
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna King on Tuesday March 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 49-2660-01 at Columbia College Chicago taught by J. Menet in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see The 1960s in Social Science at Columbia College Chicago.
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Date Created: 03/08/16
The 1960s – 3.8 I. Why the student activism a. Baby Boomers in large mass b. To avoid draft II. Kids Started Early a. Grew up on stories of WWII and Holocaust b. JFK called for activism c. Crusader Mentality d. Cold War Propaganda i. Peace Corps e. Pop culture i. Movies, TV, music ii. Westerns—Davey Crockett iii. 60s Comics III. Strength of Post War Economy a. College was expected b. Not the sense of fear of the future c. Young people with degrees could easily find work d. Sense of security IV. Nature of a College Education a. First time away from home and parents’ influence b. Should teach independent thinking c. Start to question status quo V. Sense of dissatisfaction with college experience a. Treated like less than adults b. Colleges ran on industrial model c. Clark Kerr of Berkeley: spoke of the “Knowledge Industry” d. Shaped to fit into industrial needs of modern economy VI. Influence of New Left a. “Old Left” had been muzzled by The Red Scare b. Questioned HUAC thought repression and Anti-Communist propaganda c. Rejected Soviet-style Authoritarianism d. Shift from Old Left’s Emphasis on Working class VII. The New Left a. Concerned with effect of corporate culture upon society and human development b. Proletarian no longer the focus on change, shift to intellectuals and students c. Interested in “Third World” struggles and Maoism i. Maoism: You have to have a constant revolution, constant change VIII. Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) a. Created in 1960 from Students League for Industrial Democracy b. 1962: Set its agenda in the Port Huron Statement c. Attempt to create “an interracial movement for the poor” d. Called for the reform of politics and society e. “Very American”: Realization of American democracy f. Nationwide organization of 1969 enrolled 30,000 members IX. Early Civil Rights Movement influence a. Both Black and white students b. CORE and SNCC were biracial c. Nationwide movement with heavy media coverage d. Learned protest tactics e. 1965: Freedom Summer i. Students traveled to Mississippi to register voters ii. Dangerous environment X. Berkeley: Early 60s Demonstrations a. Protest HUAC hearing b. Fight for desegregation of hotel workers c. Free Speech movement d. One of the first universities to protest US involvement in Vietnam XI. Vietnam War a. Greatest catalyst of Student Activism in 60s b. Primary cause of SDS c. Student deferment d. 1967: March against Pentagon XII. Vietnam War Protests a. Students did not only protest draft, involvement of universities in industrial military system b. Military-related research c. ROTC d. Involvement with CIA and military intelligence e. Protest Methods i. Marches ii. Sit-ins iii. Teach-ins iv. Avoiding draft v. Destroying draft cards (federal offense) vi. Destroyed recruiting papers f. Grew increasingly violent i. Oakland, Madison, Columbia ii. Chicago Convention Police Riot of 1968 iii. Extremes 1. 300 University protests 2. 20% included bombings, fires, destruction of property 3. 536 schools shut down 4. Kent State a. May 1970: 4 students killed, 9 wounded by national guardsmen in Ohio 5. Jackson State a. May 1970: 2 students killed, 12 wounded by Mississippi state troopers; black students g. Legacy i. Forced US to disengage from Vietnam ii. Nixon started to withdraw troops form war; student movement lost its most important focus and began to wither iii. Isolated from American middle class iv. Paved way for Conservative political movement in 80s