On Liberation Week 5 Notes
On Liberation Week 5 Notes CORE-UA 400 - 080
Popular in Texts and Ideas: On Liberation
CORE-UA 400 - 080
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Education and Teacher Studies
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Halsey Hazzard on Tuesday March 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CORE-UA 400 - 080 at New York University taught by Jini Watson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Texts and Ideas: On Liberation in Education and Teacher Studies at New York University.
Reviews for On Liberation Week 5 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 03/08/16
Lecture Notes Feb 22 2016 Guest Lecturer: Kesi Augustine Equiano Chapters 1, 3, (4), 5 “But is not the slave trade entirely at war with the heart of man?” (Equiano, 110). Effectiveness of Narrative depends on one’s emotional body Difficult read but highly important despite and because of this Contemporary resonance of Narrative Rediscovery of burial grounds in NYC (Harlem, lower Manhattan) o At least 400 but may 1500+ individuals discovered o Buried in way Equiano describes Unique opportunity t0 engage with, preserve, and learn from history Today’s Terms Race The Black Atlantic Trope of “The Talking Book” 1789 – Narrative first published Seen as precursor to many following slave narratives “most influential” 18 century English narrative written by African Not first; but significant for its lack of direct tie to a white English benefactor “The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross” British @ Jamestown were copying other models of colonization in the new world o Black slavery already practiced elsewhere in Americas Race: social construct used to separate people by paying attention to superficial markers like skin tone Creates bias/stereotypes concerning allegedly inherent traits o i.e. British thinking Africans were savage, could not read/write, etc. Equiano & Beyoncé – reclamation of black features The Black Atlantic: the Atlantic Ocean as a unit for recognizing the intermixed and impermeable culture that occurred due to slavery’s oceanic circulations ships as contact zone between variety of African cultures and the West at least 2 million slaves died over the Atlantic, voices lost Frank Ocean + Jay Z “Oceans” – alludes to legacy of Black Atlantic/collective pain of Black Americans, ironic reclamation as it has become a site of success for Jay Z Equiano’s Opening Passage Humble address to reader – does not claim to speak on behalf of all slaves Authority on own life; relationship of first person to liberation Work deals with oppression as well as liberation Africa: Truth of Mythology **Equiano may not have actually been born in Africa but instead South Carolina Social order not predicated on power hierarchies (despite patriarchal aspects) Artistic/emotional expression as a way of life Precise methods and distributions of power – not simple Respect for “darkness” in circle of life “Understanding is not confined to feature or color” – Equiano Overall, tries to dispel stereotypes but occasionally evokes them Terror as Reality in Virginia goes from expert to outsider with change in geographic location witnesses iron muzzle and other atrocities – relationship of words to liberation tried to talk to books/failed; evokes oral tradition of African diaspora **Trope of the Talking Book: literary scenes in slave narratives in which the enslaved subject tries to access a book that does not identify the subject as a reader – alienation of slaves from literature ****For Wednesday*** How does Equiano argue against slavery? Lecture Notes Feb 24 Equiano Part II Midterm Format Racial Discourse in the New World Equiano in the Americas Midterm Format (March 9 2016) - Quotation Recognition (4x5pts) o Author, title, significance o 2-3 sentences - Short Answer (3x15pts) o Concise, definitions, relationships, evidence, significance o 1-2 paragraphs - Short Essay (1x35) o 2 choices of topic o Clear, concise, argument with evidence from text o 2-3 pages Equiano Part II Opening Question: Is slavery still practiced today? What is slavery? **Slavery: Equiano specifically refers to chattel slavery: legal sanctioning of human beings as personal property – economy surrounding slavery/slave trade empire building **Human Trafficking: transfer/harboring/transportation/recruitment of persons by threat or coercion for purpose of exploitation On Human Trafficking o CNN Freedom Project, Children for Sale o US State Department Trafficking in Persons Report o Call and Response (Documentary Film) - Ranked according to severity: two tier three countries are Malaysia and Thailand - Trafficking is considered a crime against humanity - 2nd most lucrative crime next too narcotics dealing - 23 million + trafficking victims globally - Often a transnational movement – human smuggling Slave Trade and The Americas - From 1650-1860, 10-15 million people smuggled from West Africa to Americas o Most landed in Brazil o Look up “slave map” and click slave link for interactive map of slave voyages Atlantic Creoles - Society created by confluence of Africa, Europe, Americas th th - Could be applied to English-speaking people of African descent in the 17 /18 centuries - Equiano’s time- didn’t necessarily refer to mix of ethnic heritage but to travel/cosmopolitanism Contemporary Creoles - Mixed race history of African-Americans throughout diaspora - Not necessarily light-skinned, not necessarily non-white Casta: racialized social hierarchy in colonial Latin America - Peninsulares (Spanish-born, fewest, most power) - Creoles (Spanish but born in colonies) - Mestizos (Mixed Native/European)/Mulattos (Mixed African/European) - Native Americans/African descent (most, least power) Internalised Racism – A form of systematic oppression by which people of color develop beliefs/behaviours complicit with white supremacy Colourism: prejudice based on skin color (light>dark) P121 – no protection for Joseph Clipson despite his lifelong freedom - Frequently happened – even free men could be kidnapped - Free man’s life was just as hard as slaves’ if not worse because of the constant fear **Manumission: formal release from slavery or servitude 1766 – Equiano buys own freedom, rises from status of object to celebrity because of life story Equiano in Central America - Musquito Coast – Nicaragua, southern Honduras - P 204 – Native American exceptionalises Equiano; sets him apart from white men for his faith - p 209 – Strangely condescending to natives Film Clip: Black in Latin America (Henry Louis Gates Jr.) “Indio” used to negate African ancestry – covers many gradations of blackness - Dominican society erases black heritage, celebrates Spanish - Does not have idea of “black” v “white” like in America - Sugar plantations cattle ranching; relationship between slave and master grew closer - Haiti – founded by former French slaves – occupied Dominican o Imposed French, attacked Catholic Church o Resentment of Haitians resentment of blackness