Personality Psych Notes Week 1
Personality Psych Notes Week 1 Psych 319
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan Miller on Tuesday March 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 319 at Indiana University taught by Dr. Alan Roberts in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Personality Psychology in Psychlogy at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 03/08/16
P319 1-13 01/13/2016 ▯ Personality psych ▯ ▯ Personality- everyone has a personality, all different (outgoing, shy, etc) The set total of psychological traits (influenced by physical traits) Thoughts feelings (mental emotional traits) Concerned with the whole person Total of traits (trait 1, trait 2, etc) Within the individual Organized and relatively enduring (stable over time and across situations) o Don’t have different personalities day by day Trait is stable vs state is temporary condition (brought on by stimulus) Influence one’s adaptations and interactions with the environment Habitual ways of responding to and interacting with the world*** ▯ Personality emphasizes how individuals are different from one another ▯ Two ways of viewing differences Individual and group differences o How we are unlike some others o Individual differences ways in which each person is like some other people but not like others (extraverts, high self-esteem, etc) o Group differences ways in which the people of one group differ from people in another group (cultural diff, age, etc) Individual uniqueness o How we are unlike ALL other people, includes all traits and whole person vs select traits ▯ Nomothetic vs Ideographic Ideographic- understand single individual o Intrapersonal functions, person centered, clinical settings Nomothetic- ways people are different from other people, people as a whole o Individual differences, variable centered (height, self-esteem), research settings ▯ The two parents of personality psychology Medicine (neurology and psychiatry)- IDEOGRAPHIC (Freud) o Clinical settings, intrapersonal o Freud and his followers developed complex theories of personality to account for a variety of physical and behavioral problems of their patients Freud was neurologist, developed branch of medicine known as psychiatry (created psychiatry with medical background on neurology) o Early psychiatrists relied primarily on the case study method (the in-depth study of a single individual) for developing and testing their ideas Scientific Psychology (Wilhelm Wundt 1879) o Wundt laid the foundation for early experimental psychologists who studied individual differences among subjects in their experiments ▯ A fissure in the field Gap within personality psychology has not yet been successfully bridged (clinical vs. experimental) Translates into a gap between grand theories of personality and contemporary research in personality (individual and group differences level of analysis) ▯ ▯
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