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8.1 and 8.2 Globes notes

by: Gwendolyn Cochran

8.1 and 8.2 Globes notes Badm 1004

Gwendolyn Cochran

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These are detailed notes of the newest sections of class, with vocab and demographic charts
Age of Globlization
Liesl Riddle
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gwendolyn Cochran on Tuesday March 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Badm 1004 at George Washington University taught by Liesl Riddle in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 82 views. For similar materials see Age of Globlization in Business Administration at George Washington University.

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Date Created: 03/08/16
8.1 DEMOGRAPHIC PRESSURES: AGING & YOUTHFUL POPULATIONS Vocab • Birth/death rate – annual # of births/deaths per 1,000 people in a designated geographic area • Total fertility rate – average # of children women in a specific population bear over their lifetime • Infant mortality rate – annual # of deaths of infants 1 year old or younger for every 1,000 infants born alive • Maternal mortality rate – death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of the termination of a pregnancy from any cause due to or aggravated by pregnancy or the way it is managed. Expressed as the # of maternal deaths per 100,000 pregnancies • Sex ratio – number of men per 100 females in a designated geographic area • In-migration/Out-migration – movement of people into or out of a designated area • Immigration – act of entering one country after leaving another • Emigration – act of departing one country with the purpose of taking up residence elsewhere • Net migration rate – rate based on the # of people entering and # of people leaving a designated area in a year. We divide that number by the size of the relevant population and then multiply the result by 1,000 • Internal migration – movement of people within the given boundaries of a country. • Agglomerations – urban populations with 1 million or more HIGHEST LOWEST US Populati Zimbabwe (4.3%) Bulgaria (-0.78) 1.1% on Growth Rate Crude Niger (51.4 per Japan (7.3 per 14 per 1,000 Birth 1,000) 1,000) Rate Fertility RatNiger (7.7) China (1.5) 2.1 Crude Death Angola (23.4 UAE (2 per 1,000) Rate per 1,000) 8 per 1,000 Maternal Sierra Leone Sweden Mortality 17 per 100K Rate (2,000 per (5 per 100K) 100K) Average Life Japan (82.3) Angola (38.7) Expectancy 78.4 Sex Ratio UAE 219m per Russia 86m per 100f 97 m per 100f 100f Net MigrationUAE 22 per Jordan -14.3 per 1,000 Rate 1,000 4 per 1000 Bernard Berelson & John Samuel’s theory of fertility decline thresholds argues that fertility will not decline significantly enough to begin the demographic transition until… 1. <50% labor force employed in agriculture 2. 50% of age 5-19 enrolled in school 3. Life expectancy is at least 60 years 4. Infant mortality is <65 per 1,000 5. 80%+ females age 15-19 are unmarried Our aging world  Most of human history, 65+ ~ 3-4% of population  Today = 15%; 2050 = 25% (estimate)  By 2030, working-age population expected to contract in nearly all developed countries (US=exception thanks to expected in-migration)  By 2050, 60+ = 2 billion globally – ¾ from developing countries Case study of Bangladesh  Area: 147,570 sq km (56, 977 sq mi) 94 in the world  Population: 160 million (estimation 2015)  Density: 964.42/sp km  Life expectancy at birth: 69.75 years  Male: 67.93  Female : 71.65 (2011 est.)  Growth rate: 1.34 % per annum  (1.8 to 2.0 million people are being added to the total population every year) Youth in Bangleshesh o Share of youth (15‐24 years old) in total population: 28.9 % (2012) o Total unemployment rate: 4.3% (2005) o Youth unemployment rate: 10.3% o higher in urban area (9.9 %) than in rural area (6.7 %) o (higher than the regional South Asian average of 9.45%, but lower than the world average of 12.4% o Youth labor force participation rate: 72.8% (2012) o GDP in 2012: US$115.6 billion o GDP growth in 2012: 6.3 % o Major industries: Agriculture, Fisheries and Textile Industry Challenges in Bangleshesh • Share of youth (15‐24 years old) in total population: 28.9 % (2012) • Total unemployment rate: 4.3% (2005) • Youth unemployment rate: 10.3% • higher in urban area (9.9 %) than in rural area (6.7 %) • (higher than the regional South Asian average of 9.45%, but lower than the world average of 12.4% • Youth labor force participation rate: 72.8% (2012) • GDP in 2012: US$115.6 billion • GDP growth in 2012: 6.3 % • Major industries: Agriculture, Fisheries and Textile Industry 9.1 DEMOGRAPHIC PRESSURES: MIGRATION & INTEGRATION ISSUES Migration by the numbers  Number of international migrants more than doubled 1975-2000  Increase of 71 million migrants in world since 2000 th  ~244 million migrants worldwide; ~ population of Brazil (5 most populous country)  1 in 10 persons in developed countries is a migrant  1 out of 5 migrants live in the US (~40 million out of 303 million) Migration crisis: the facts • Worst crisis since WWII? – Media focus often on Europe – but greatest inflows are to Turkey & Lebanon – Some European countries have seen similar migrant inflow peaks – 1950-1970 (Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Vietnam, Uganda), 1990s (Yugoslavia, Kosovo), early 2000s (Iraq, Afghanistan) – Globalization makes crisis more unstable – Open borders, modern forms of transportation, new forms of communication – Increasing pressures on EU vs. Euro-skeptics – Should Brussels decide who gets asylum? Nations usually do that…and EU referendum is coming up in June… Labor Migration • “Losing One Million Scientists, Germany Turns to Migrants” (written June 2014) • “16 American Companies Founded by Immigrants” – Immigrant-founded Fortune 500 companies employed 3.6 million workers in 2011 and responsible for $1.7 trillion in revenues in 2010 – Case: “Upwardly Global: Building a Model for Assisting Immigrant Professionals”


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