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SOC 323: Lecture Notes Weeks 1 and 2

by: Megan Notetaker

SOC 323: Lecture Notes Weeks 1 and 2 SOC 323

Marketplace > Central Michigan University > Sociology > SOC 323 > SOC 323 Lecture Notes Weeks 1 and 2
Megan Notetaker
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About this Document

These notes cover the first two weeks of class from the lecture.
Racism and Inequality
Dr. Cedric Taylor
Class Notes
racism, equality, sociology, central michigan university
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Notetaker on Tuesday March 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 323 at Central Michigan University taught by Dr. Cedric Taylor in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Racism and Inequality in Sociology at Central Michigan University.


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Date Created: 03/08/16
January 19, 2016—First Lecture Lecture Notes Different terms:  Race: refers to a group of people that share some socially defined physical characteristics  Ethnicity: refers to a group of people that share a culture, nationality, and ancestry  Racial/ethnic: acknowledges that race and ethnicity overlap  Minority group: group that is cumulatively disadvantaged in proportion to their population size with regard to power and resources  People of color: racial/ethnic minority groups that have been the object of racism and discrimination Problems with Race:  Generic interchangeability: o All members of the human species operate in genetically open system  Never will there be a different species  Bases of racial classification o What are the characteristics that differentiate racial types?  Interbreeding, adaptation, etc. Race is socially constructed phenomenon:  Not biological or generically determined  Races changes across time and place  There is more genetic variation within so called racial group than between groups  Given meaning by particular societies January 21, 2016—Lecture 2 Different societies use different criteria with which to assign people racially  Brazil and Haiti; US versus Brazil o Brazil: a family of five could all have different races  There is no consistency for what makes someone black or white; every society is different; Racial Formation:  Process by which social, economic, and political forces determine racial categories, and by which they are shaped by racial meaning  The development of race coincided with the need to justify and explain inequality and exploitation of so called racial groups Myth:  Racial differences are fixed, biological categories. Perceived physical differences are assumed to correspond to social or behavioral differences  Sociological perspective: o Race is a social concept, one in which certain physical characteristics take on social meanings the become the basis for racism and discrimination Racism: Past and Present  Racism—any action, attitudes, beliefs, or behaviors, whether intentional or unintentional, which threatens harm, or disadvantage members of one racial/ethnic group o Might not be intentional: Labor marker, criminal justice system, education, etc.  Prejudice—belief that is not based upon evidence but instead upon preconceived notions and stereotypes  Individual racism—refers to discriminatory actions taken by individuals against members of a subordinate group January 26, 2015—Lecture 3 Lecture Notes SOC 323 Racial Identities, Racial Ideologies, and Institutional Racism Racial Identities:  Our racial identity is established through interaction with others in the way in which race is discussed and presented in society. o Man vs. women; help develop identity o Considering yourself a race comes from people around you o One drop rule—considered black; no multi-racial identities  Racial identity development differs for white people and people of color. o “White people don’t really think whiteness.” Racial identity is determined by the stereotypes of race. o People of color identity most like from stereotypes.  Internalized racism—term used to describe individuals that believe what the dominant group says about them. o Internalized racism can also manifest itself a form of colorism. Racial Ideologies:  Cultural belief systems surrounding race  The current reigning ideology in the United States is that of colorblindness Colorblindness suggests that society is beyond race.  Why is this problem? o It can make the issues not seem like a big deal because we have a “black president.’ Institutional Racism:  Educational, economic, political, and legal shares are “raced.” o It is the most pervasive form of racism today and also the most subtle. o Not always on purpose  Example: Criminal Justice System; Flint water crisis Whiteness  Historically supreme value has been placed on whiteness  Whiteness is racial domination normalized; everything else is “exotic”  Whiteness is treated as the standard o Example: popular culture, history books.  White Privilege o Is the collection of unearned cultural, political, economic, and social advantages and privileges possessed by people of Anglo European descent or by those who PASS as such.  Whiteness is a social construction. o Becoming white is a process whereby a formerly racially subordinate group is granted access to whiteness and white privilege, with all the benefits this entails. o Not all “whites” were considered “white”  Example: Irish  How they became white? Democratic party, (pro immigrant, pro segregation), Catholic schools Racial Ideology of Colorblindness  The power of color-bling ideology is threefold in that: o We ignore racism o We ignore white privilege o We perceive whiteness as the norm White Privilege:  Whites do not necessarily hold racist beliefs or prejudices  Whites are typically unaware of their privilege. o Never had to wonder what going without is. o They carry an “Invisible Knapsack.” Challenging White Privilege  Listen o Don’t say it is “another anger black woman or man.”  End the silence. Silence does not make the problem go away.  Be aware that it is not about detracting from achievements or “white guilt.”  White loose under the system too! o Morally and economically expensive; tense work environment; dehumanizing


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