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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mason Notetaker on Tuesday March 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to history 1020 at Auburn University taught by Michael B. Smith in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views.
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Date Created: 03/08/16
French Revolution Pendulum Theorem o Ideas will flip from radical left and then back to radical right, this is the beginning of the revolution. After all is said and done the pendulum will be at rest, with a resolution. Origins of the French Revolution: The Estates – General (1789) Seating and voting procedure Tennis Court Oath Bastille (July 14) o Moving of troops in Paris, caused citizens to freak out because they thought they were to be used on them o Citizens start to prepare for violence, went from neighborhood to neighborhood collecting weapons to defend themselves. o Citizens marched up to the Bastille and ordered for the leader of the Bastille to hand over his weapons, when he denied the citizens marched on Bastille, killed the leader and put his head on a stick and marched around Paris with it. o This is known as the Storming of Bastille, which is now a holiday Great Fear o Peastants are afraid the Nobility is going to turn against them, so they begin to storm the Nobility manors. The peasants demand to see the The Work of the National Assembly: Decrees of August 4th o National meeting held on the night of August 3rd and went on into August 4th. o One member would renounce the dues, fees, and payments to the peasants that work on my land. One after another did this and they in turn freed the serfs. Declaration of Rights of Man – September o Lafayette wrote this document, and shows his friend Thomas Jefferson this document for approval o Says that we have not finished our declaration but states that all men are equal no matter social status. o Comes out in September and they continue to write the Constitution New Constitution: Constitutional Monarchy – Fall o This constitution saved the monarchy o Rights of citizens are guaranteed, monarchy and representative assembly share power Legislative Assembly – Right Side o Composition is very pro revolution o So radical that the conservatives are in favor of this o Other countries are freaking out because they think they are going to bring their ideas to their country o People were willing to go to war to preserve their own ideas o Legislative Assembly was pro War 2 Girondists & Jacobins – Left Side o Pro republic debate group, and represent the middle class. Want a government that supports the idea laissez-faire. o Pro republic debate group, but they want a government that looks out for the working class. Much more radical than the Girondists o Danton: Inspired people Considered an unmade bed Everyone loved him o Ropespierre: “Control freak” Icy personality Drove the republic phase of the revolution War: o Everyone (Austrians, Prussians) wanted to go to war to prove that their government was superior, and this brought up a new government. o The Girondists & Jacobins got their way, no more King! National Convention: o No more King, a total Republic Government o Had the first military draft of Western History o France created the first patriotic 3 o Reign of Terror Committee of Public Safety was meant to protect from counter revolutionaries. This committee carried out a purge of France known as the Reign of Terror. Executed thousands and thousands of people that were accused of counter revolutionary ideas/actions, by the hand of the guillotine Little to no trail Major censorship going on Changed the calendar, because of the Christian influence Women started to adopt the fashion of the Ancient Romans Roman names are beginning to be used for children being born Went way too far, and lead to the execution of Danton, he was believed to be a counter revolutionist Ropspierre wanted to have another purge but cooler heads prevailed. The Directory - 1795 o Longest lasting government during the revolution (4 years) o Moderate, republic o 5-man committee, want to balance out power 4 o Major policy of this government was war o France wanted to export the revolution by the war Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte o Italian, born on the island of Corsica o Was shipped of to military school in France o In just a decade’s time he goes from General to Emperor o Was able to do this because of war, and vacancy in positions o Spent most of his time by himself. During this time, he read all about history and philosophy o Career took off when he was a General fighting in Italy o Strategies, mass and mobility, these were two reasons why his armies were so powerful. o Taught his soldiers how to live off the land so they didn’t have to carry as much stuff allowing him to move a lot of people faster than his enemies could. o He knew a lot about geography, this allowed him to be able to strategize around the land to benefit his army o Takes part of a Coup d’ état, an overthrow of the government, when he got back from the battle of the Nile. o Coup d’ état: abrupt seize of power 5 o After overthrowing The Directory another government was established. In this government there were 3 consoles instead of a 5-man committee, and Napoleon was 1 of these 3 consoles. o Napoleon went from having a tenure on the console to a life term. Then after this he was voted Emperor of France in 1804. Napoleon’s Empire: o Creates a European Empire, which includes allied o Carries out many reforms throughout his dependent states to get rid of monarchies, and implement his republic government. o Wanted to abolish serfdom, and have everyone be equal. o Napoleon imposed the metric system throughout all of his empire. Napoleon’s Downfall: o Could never defeat the British o Believed that he would be able to take down Britain at Sea. Battle of Trafalgar takes place and is defeated by Admiral Nelson at sea o Realizes he cannot beat Britain by fighting them so he decided he needed to destroy their economy, by boycotting their goods. (The Continental System) o The Continental System was not supported by the people, no one bought into it. o Caused hardship, scarcity and many other problems for the people of his empire. 6 o This caused people to hate the French and started to take pride in who they are. This is the birth of nationalism. o Put together the largest army on a single campaign to try to take over Russia o Scorched Earth o Lost 500k men on this journey o Retreats all the way back to France where the British are waiting for him, after defeating him they deposit him on Elba where he puts together an army o Then proceeds the 100 day’s march, up to waterloo o Napoleon is finally defeated in Waterloo by the Commander, Duke of Wellington. o He is then taken to St. Helena to live as a prisoner, it is here where he eventually died 6 years later. o The Congress of Vienna tried to turn everything back To learn more and get OneNote, visit www.onenote.com. 7
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