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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mason Notetaker on Tuesday March 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to history 1020 at Auburn University taught by Michael B. Smith in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.
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Date Created: 03/08/16
Review Exam 1 Estates General – Tennis Court Oath – Response to the Louis closing the Estate, took and oath to write an oath Bastille – Fortress in the heart of Paris, used for a prison. Symbol for the old regime, citizens stormed the fortress Great Fear – Everyone was in paranoia, though the nobility were going to turn on them. Decrees of August 4th – The 3rd and 2nd estates are now called the National Convention abolished serfdom in Versailles Declaration of the Rights of Man – All French men are free, and equal no matter where they come from or what their social class is. Has an American flavor. Legislative Assembly – Last 1 year, there is still a King. It’s a constitutional monarchy. Kings powers are limited. Did not last long because people wanted the revolution to go farther, France went to war with Austria and Prussia. National Convention – Most radical leftward phase. No King it is now a Republic. Carries out the Reign of Terror. Turned around the War with Austria and Prussia. Called for a national draft. Put together an army of people who were fighting for a cause. Reign of Terror – A purge Robespierre – The hardcore radical. Led the Reign of Terror. Absolutely republicans, and they were supported by the working class. Danton – Robespierre’s friend Grioundins – Republicans, but they are different from the Jacobins. The middle class supports this group, which favors laisse faire Directory – Still a Repbulic but not as extreme as before. Designed to prevent the abuse of power. The government that starts the exportation of the revolution to other countries. (The Expansion). Government where Napoleon started Napoleon – Continental System – A blockade of Britain, Napoleon wanted to defeat Britain by having an economic blockade. Russian Campaign – Napoleon tried to take over Russia but failed miserably this was the turning point Conscription – Hundred Days – Napoleon is taken to an island say he can rule this island and that is it. He wants more so he gets 1500 troops and marches to waterloo, during this time his old veterans come to his aid. Ends up being defeated at waterloo Agriculture Revolution – Surge in population = more workers, and a catalyst for the industrialization because there are more consumers. (More demand for stuff) Industrialization – Iron industry James Watt – Perfects the steam engine in 1760 Henry Cort – Invented the puddling and rolling process for iron. Iron had always been smelted with charcoal, and they were running out of it. But Henry Cort developed a way to use the large deposits of coal that they were sitting on. Bourgeoisie Proletariat 2 Child Labor Luddites – a movement in England, protested Josiah Cox Wedgewood – Applied the steam engine to ceramics Natural Rights – All men had the same natural right of Life, Liberty and Property. Brand new idea. Natural Law – Gravity, inertia, economy, Laissez Faire – Government should be self regulating Adam Smith – Ideas are call Classic Economic Thoery. Market Forces, Natural Law Malthus – Charity only makes things worse for people Ricardo – Classical Economic Theorist. Classical Liberalist. Iron law of wages, believed if wages were left alone then they would balance out where people could survive and perpetuate. Came up with the Labor theory of Bentham – Believed that sometimes governments needed to step in. Only when its in the interest of the majority Utilitarianism – Anti Government J.S. Mill – Classical Liberalism – Political ideology of the middle class during the 19th century. Edmund Burke – Conservatism – Stood the test of time. Hegel – History moves forward with clashes (dialectic). One dominant culture for a while (thesis), and there is an opposing culture (antithesis). When they clash a new dominant culture is birthed (synthesis). 3 Utopian Socialism – This is mainly in France. Someone who would envision what a perfect industrial world Marxism – Scientific Socialism. Influenced by Hegel. People are Substructure – The means for production, and the society associated with this Superstructure – Religious beliefs, constitution, art. Reflects the substructure Crystal Palace – Built in 9 months, made from iron and glass. Testimony for the technological advancements Chicago World’s Fairs – Powered by electricity. Edison – Didn’t power the worlds fair, lost to Westing House Nikola Tesla – Had the idea of having electricity being piped in from a local generator. Nationalism – Geist – A spirit, nature. This defines every person. Herder – Fitche – Bismarck – Chief Minister, architect of German Unification. Zollverien – An economic free trade union. Blood and Iron – Warfare and industrial mite was what was going to lead Germany to Unification Hohenzollern – Family to unify Germany Franco-Prussian War – France lost two territories, and William was crowned king of Germany 4 David Livingstone – Wanted to stop slavery, and slave trade. Wanted to bring some other kind of econonmic development, and spread Christianity. Missionary involvement only increases slavery. Henry Stanley – Was sent to look for Livingstone. Becomes the representative for King Leopold. King Leopold - Suez Canal - To learn more and get OneNote, visit www.onenote.com. 5