Miller Ch 8
Long Beach State
Popular in Guiding Young Children
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Rubio on Tuesday March 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CDFS 211 at California State University Long Beach taught by Gina Guffy in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views.
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Date Created: 03/08/16
Adults can HIGHLY Influence Children •Adults should set a good example for children •Adults should encourage children to practice appropriate communication skills Developing Responsibility •Adults help children develop responsibility By encouraging children to talk about potential consequences of behavior Be Assertive •Assertiveness always requires respect and empathy to be effective •Evasive tactics are ineffective and harmful to open, honest communication Adults can assist children in developing responsibility by encouraging them to think and talk about potential consequences of their behavior. •Feelings must be considered to provide appropriate responses to behaviors •Adults can help children understand the motives for their misbehaviors Addressing Underlying Feelings •Before you can really help someone, you must understand that person’s underlying request Action? Information? Understanding and attention? Inappropriate interaction? Remember •Responsive and active listening is an integral part of child guidance •Dependency and inappropriate interaction must be firmly and respectfully redirected Positive Instructions Versus Negative Commands •Positive instructions are constructive, affirmative statements of desired or expected behaviors •Negative commands are disapproving statements of what behaviors are not desired or expected •Positive instructions are more effective than negative commands Say What You Mean— Mean What You Say •Ask a question only if the child really has a choice o“Would you like something to drink?” •State choices if the child will be allowed to choose o“Would you rather have water or milk?” •If something must happen, do not discuss it forever o“It is time to take your medicine so that your cough will get better" Chapter 8 Building Relationships through Positive Communication Communication Skills Are Developed Early in Life •Adults influence children by… Setting a good example for them Encouraging them to practice appropriate communication skills Listening to them Effective Listening •Auditory physiology Physical makeup of the ear that enables hearing Sounds channeled through external auditory canal to the tympanic membrane (eardrum) and middle ear (ossicles) and then through auditory nerve to the brain for interpretation •Auditory perception Ability to understand what has been heard •Osmosis Absorb information simply by living daytoday in an environment. •Young child’s “absorbent mind” Gradual, often unconscious mental process of assimilating concepts Absorbing information in a way that resembles osmosis •Active listening Form of attentive listening in which one concentrates on what is being said Reflecting ideas back to the speaker to confirm understanding •Mirroring Reflecting back the feelings expressed by someone else Repeating what you understood •Emotions may unconsciously trigger inappropriate behavior
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