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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mason Notetaker on Tuesday March 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to history 1020 at Auburn University taught by Michael B. Smith in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views.
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Date Created: 03/08/16
Imperialism, II: India and Africa India: East India Company – Joint Stock Company, that was royally chartered that traded in the East Indies. Trading big time with pepper and spices, then later on they start buying Chinese goods. Mughals - Muslim leaders, allowed the EIC into their land. Sepoy – Indian Soldier in the British army Sepoy Revolt (1857) – British Officers introduced a new cartridge, and the Sepoy’s were to use this in their guns. Hindu’s & Muslims were not allowed to eat meat, and they were basically being forced to by their British Officers. This causes and uprising, and it takes the British 1 year to finally stop this. Many Indians and British people died. British Reforms & the Raj – British form a government in Indian known as the Raj. All top positions belonged to British people and all lower positions belonged to the Indian people. Victoria was declared empress of India in 1877 Maharajah – Indian Royalty Impact of British Rule Western Education – Education was introduced to the Indian people. Only effected the Indian Nobility/Elite Railroads – These were built all over India, one of the best things the British brought to India Banking & Mining – More advanced banking introduced as well as mining that was crucial to India’s economy. Landholdings – Largescale plots of land owned by families. Peasants were driven off the land and into cities to look for work. This lead to the further impoverishment in India. Textile Industries – Indian markets are being filled with cheap products from British, this helped destroy the production of handmade goods. Caste System – When the British came in they didn’t understand the Caste System. They tried to understand it but when they read the ancient reading that couldn’t understand it. Poverty – India’s poverty only got worse when the British entered into India. Africa: The Berlin Conference – A conference that took place to figure out how they were going to divide up Africa. The Scramble – Treaties – Military Advantages – The Europeans had a huge advantage because of their technological advancements like the machine gun. Conflict Among the Colonizers: Boer War – The British start to invade, so the Dutch (Afrikaaners) begin to move known as the Great Trek. They move into the Orange Free State, and discover diamonds. The British find this and they want in on it. This becomes the Basis for the war. Even though the British won they suffered many causalities, as did the Dutch. To learn more and get OneNote, visit www.onenote.com. 2
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