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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mason Notetaker on Tuesday March 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to history 1020 at Auburn University taught by Michael B. Smith in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.
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Date Created: 03/08/16
Review: Chapter 26,28, and 29 East India Company Bosnia Herzegovina – All about nationalist revolt, beginning of WWI. Bosnia is in the Bismarckian System – An alliance system that took all the major continental powers to isolate France. Triple Alliance – Germany, Austria, and Italy Triple Entente – Schlieffen Plan – Made this plan in 1905. Their plan to defeate France, their goal was to take out France quickly then turn around and be ready for Russia. They went through the North through Belgium. Thought they would fool everyone, because no one thought they would go through Belgium. Trench Warfare – War of very little movement, digging in and grinding on. Offense was old fashioned, but defense was 20 century. Massive carnage. Battle of the Marne – 1914, the first moment when people realized it would be a war of attrition Battle of Verdun – A war where Germany tried to break the defense, unloaded a massive amount of artillery, and bombings. Massive carnage but this did not break the French Gallipoli – An attempt by the Western Allies (Britain) to create a sort of distracition, but it did not work and lost massive casualities T.E. Lawrence – Provoked an Arabic revolution against the Ottoman Empire, to create a problem with one of Germany’s allies Treaty of Versailles – Ended WWI. Harsh reoperations for Germany; lost land, had to pay major fines, was demilitarized. These punishments led to the outbreak of WWII. Nicolas II and Alexandra – Czars of Russia Rasputin – Snakey salesman, persuaded Nicolas and Alexandria that he cured their son of hemophilila. By doing this he could easily manipulate the Czars. He brought many of his friends to power. Kerensky – Middle class revolution, Kerensky is in charge of the Provisional Governemnt. The provisional government continued to be apart of the disastrous WWI. Lenin – Leader of Bolshevik’s, he tweaked Marxism, he thought sometimes the intellectuals would have to kind of provoke this a revolution. Trotsky – Advocate of Permanent Revolution = The Marxist revolution needs to be carried out internationally Stalin – Felt it was important to create one successful country with socialist economy Bolshevik Revolution – “Peace, Land, and Bread” Soviets – Based in Leningrad = St. Petersburg War Communism – The attempt to implement a socialist economy and Marxist ideas. New Economic Policy (NEP) – The use of profit incentives (capitalism). This was used to jumpstart the economy. Wanted to make Russia to be more productive. “Socialism in One Country” Five Year Plan – Rapid industrialization, wanted to bring Russia up to the standard of the rest of the world. Massively unpopular with the peasants. Kulaks – They were resistant, because they did not want to give their land to the government. They would destroy their things instead of giving it to the government 2 Politburo – A sub committee in which all policies and ideas where formulated. Hitler – Weimar Republic – Germany came out of WWI as this democracy. As good as its intentions were, it has huge problems. Occupation of the Ruhr – French soldiers marched in to a mine because Germany was behind on payments, but the Germans would not work for these soldiers so Germany printed more money to pay off their debt, this led to hyper inflation. Fascism – An ideology that is not socialist. Very popular with the middle class. A lot of government regulation. But still involves private ownership. The idea of us vs someone else is what makes this ideology tick. The Great Depression – Fascism is a bug part of this. Beer Hall Putsch – Attempted revolt by the Nazis that failed, ended with Hitler in jail and put the Nazis on the map Mein Kampf – Reichstag – Goebels - Enabling Act – Gives Hitler doctorial power for 4 years, but he changes it to life-time. Anti-Semitism – Hitler now Nuremburg Laws – Restrict Jews more and more. Segregate Jews in German society. Blitzkrieg – WWII style of fighting, “lighting war”, thought it would be a war of movement so he began to create many different war Appeasement – Policy of the old western allies from WWI, allow Hitler to do his thing, because there was a little guilt 3 form WWI. They wanted to have peace, no one wanted to go back to war. Wanted Germany to be the buffer for socialism. Anschluss – Annexation of Austria Sudetenland – Annexation of Czechoslovakia Lebensraum – Invasion of Poland – The start of WWII, Poland is defeated in 1 month Vichy France – Government is collaborationist, sent some Jewish people back to Germany Battle of Britain – Germany wanted to break the air force of the Britain’s. This attack failed. Winston Chruchill – emerged as a true leader during this battle Eastern Front – Holocaust – Systematic attempt to destroy the Jewish race and other minorities New Order – the idea of Aryan race To learn more and get OneNote, visit www.onenote.com. 4
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