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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mason Notetaker on Tuesday March 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to history 1020 at Auburn University taught by Michael B. Smith in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views.
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Date Created: 03/08/16
Lecture 017: Confucianism Daoism, & Legalism Confucius: o Name: Kongfuzi, which got Latinized to “Confucius” o Teacher, philosopher, moralist o Intended audience was civil servants o Founder of what West calls “Confucianism,” which some describe as an atheistic or secular religion o Others describe it as an all-encompassing philosophy o Basic teaching: education can make people moral, moral people can make a healthy society; “do unto others…” Some Confucian Concepts: o Filial piety: respect for and deference toward one’s elders; maintenance of pre-Confucian veneration of ancestors o Reciprocity: mutual exchange; more specifically mutually beneficial exchange o Junzi: the humane man, the gentleman; a man who views the world & behaves in a morally upright way o Ren: kindness or humaneness toward others o Li: observance of rules of decorum o Yi: appropriate behavior by and toward all acc. to all social rank Doaism: o Traditional founder: Loa Tzu or Laozi o Dao = “The Way;” neither metaphysical 1st principle nor a creator god; invisible, inscrutable, constant & eternal force o Key text: Daodejing(also Tao Te Ching) o Wuwei: action or inaction that is so perfect it leaves no trace or mark taking no unnatural Legalism: o Shang Yang o Advisor in state of Qin o Book of lord Shang o Meritocracy rather than aristocracy & extreme accountability o Strict application of law o Han Fei o Legalist think who promoted ideas of Lord Shang o Li Si o Legalist advisor to Qin emperor o Fa: laws; strict application of widely publicized laws o Shu: Statecraft; application of law through officials & armed force; o Shi: possession of authority; manipulation of politics o Strong armies o Full granaries; farming only useful occupation or moss To learn more and get OneNote, visit www.onenote.com. 2
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