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IAS upload #2

by: Michael Pullin

IAS upload #2 IAS 2003 - 001

Michael Pullin
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

This set begins to focus more on how religion and power went hand in hand when colonialism began to take off.
Understanding the Global Community
Alan L. McPherson
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michael Pullin on Tuesday March 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to IAS 2003 - 001 at University of Oklahoma taught by Alan L. McPherson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Understanding the Global Community in IAS at University of Oklahoma.


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Date Created: 03/08/16
IAS -Video: why were the spainiards able to take over south america so quickly? -superior technology such as firearms, swords, armor, horses. -european countries were more advanced than south american cultures -europeans got rudimentary guns from arab states, gun powder from china and further developed them -europeans brought over many diseases such as smallpox that killed a significant portion of the south american population -Many Incas thought that the spaniards were gods who had come to earth -more effective battle tactics -The spaniards had a system of writing and the Incas did not -advanced naval technology -Many empires were at a low point in their power when the spaniards came Decolonozation -colonizers never give up a colony, the indigenous people are always the ones to end colonization -process can sometimes take hundreds of years -American Revolution:1776-1783 -Haiti: 1790-1804 -Fpanish America: 1810s-1898(Brazil1822) -Cananda, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa: late19th-early 20th century -Asia:Philipines (1898), Koreas: (1945) -At the end of world war one the losing countrys' colonies were divided up among the french and the british on a mandate system. -three classes: a,b,c -Ottoman empire ruled by the turks -Britain got iraq, syria, kuwait, jordan, and palestine -France got syria and lebanon -British used the mandate system to create Israel at the end of WWII. -Class A said that independence ws to be achieved as soon as possible -Class B consisted of colonies from the defeated Germany; wne t to french, belgians, or british -Class C consisted of some pacific colonies that japan and australia took over with no obligation for independence; just no slavery. Modern Decolonization 1947-1965 -india/pakistan, afghanistan 1919, egypt 1922, burma and ceylon 1948, malaya 1957, nigeria 1960, sierra leone and tanganyika 1961, jamaica and uganda 1962, singapore and kenya 1963, the bahamas 1973, belize 1981. -Indians create a national congress to gradually gain independence; gains momentum in WWI. -ends up growing into a political party; begins to show divisions in the independence movement. -main divide is between hindus and muslims -the british weren't defeated militarily but gave up india willingly -muslims formed pakistan and bangladesh and ceceded from india. French Colonies -they believed in strong central government and assimilation -vietnam 1945, cambodia and laos 1953, tunisia 1956. Chad Central african republic, republic of the congo, gabon, togo, mali, senegal, niger, cote d'ivoire, mauritania 1960. -Algeria was the biggest colony -the independence movement sparked a war and france sent 500,000 troops to siege the city of Algiers -conflict lasted from mid 1950s to 1965 -General degaulle quickly grants indeoendence to end the war Portugese colonies -one colony was angola -first uprising was in 1961, tens of thousands dies in 1961 -full scale war: soviets, americans, cubans were all involved -After independence in 1975 civil war continued -still very unstable today Belgian Colonies -the Congo was considered one of the richest colonies -used the most exploitation in the world -no preparation of natives for running their countries -economic downturn cause turmoil -independence movement started 1959, completed 1960 and the belgians left with no one in control -chaos insued Soviet/Russian colonies -Azerbaijan -1918 azerbaijanies created their own republic, soviets overthrow this and it becomes part of the iron curtain. -supposedly volunteered to join -soviets pushed communism -only 6-7% of the population were russian speakers -independence came between 1988-1990 with the soviet collapse -ethnic divisions Guest Speaker -ownership of a life -humans as property -discrimination -oppression -work -poor living/poor work conditions -indefinite; unclear time limit -force: compulsory labor Religion -missionaries converting the natives to christianity -erasure of native cultures -slavery of non christians increased power -abolition decreased power -power was increased by selling pardons/indulgences -simplicity/asceticism decreases power -some missionaries stood up for the natives and spoke out against their treatment -education and health helped decrease the churches power -border drawing by other states -power was defined by a caste system/hierarchy -power was/is further defined by gender -division: war/violence/terrorism -state -hindu anti-colonization -liberation theology -jesuits tried to treat natives with respect compared to other spaniards -civil rights era was a time of major power shift -christians/islam -


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